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2001n~ psR rt aMlk~ @h`~ iqQrQyt gQ@y~ ap nQsyQ
vQkl~p a`N~dRvk~ h#qW@m| sRj`w ayQwQy wQ@bn~@n~
@s`rkm| @n`kL qR;N @n`m#wQ jvQ@pt pmNyQ

jvQ@p n`yk @s`~mvAX amrsQAh pqnm| a`ywn@y~qW kQyyQ

ajQw~ alh@k`~n~

jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmR@N~ n`yk @s`~mvAX amrsQAh mhw` XYW lAk` pqnm| a`ywn@y~qW kl`kr#vn~ sh s`hQw&kr#vn~ amwn ayRr#.

C`y`r$py : srNp`l pmRNRv

vQkl~p a`N~dRvk~ h#qW@m| sRj`w ayQwQy wQ@bn~@n~ @s`rkm| @n`kL qR;N @c`~qn` @n`m#wQ jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRNt pmNk~ y#yQ em @prmR@N~ n`yk @s`~mvAX amrsQAh mhw` psRgQyq` (11 q`) @k`LB XYW lAk` pqnm| a`ywn@y~qW pYk`X k@L~y.

ls~sn XYW lAk`vk~, ls~sn jWvQwyk~, s#b$ j`wQk @prmRNk~, rt hqn a`N~dRvk~ yn @w~m`v os~@s~ vQvQ{ @k;~wYyn~ hQ nQyRwO ay smg jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRN pvw~vn vQ@X~; kwQk`@v| @qv#n~n pqnm| a`ywn@y~qW p#v#w~vQNQ. @mvr jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRN kl`kr#vn~ sh s`hQw&kr#vn~ smg @mm kwQk`v p#v#w~vQNQ.

kl`kr#vn~ sh s`hQw&@v|qWn~ amwmQn~ jvQ@p n`yk @s`~mvAX amrsQAh mhw` v#dQqErtw~ @m@s~ q p#v#sWy.

psRgQy 2001 vsrt psR @m| rt wQ@bn w#nQn~ aMlk~ @h`~ iqQrQyt gn~n jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRN ktyRwO kL`. ap nQhwm`nWv hQwnv` nm| r@tQ ww~w~vy vQgYh krn, m`vwk~ @hLQkrn nQwrm av{Q@yn~ sQtQn pk;y jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRN kQy`.

ap v@g~m s`hQw& kl`vt l#qQ e~ @k;~wYyt ayw~ sQylE @qn` sA@v|qW pQrQsk~. XYW lAk`v gmn~ krn~@n~ @k`h`tq? p#mQN wQ@bn~@n~ @k`w#ntq? iqQrQyt y`yRw~@w~ @k@s~q yn~n g#n kQsQym| aqhsk @m| kl`kr#vn~ sQtQnv`. q#n~ p#mQN wQ@bn~@n~ ap s#mt ekt ek~v v#d kLyRwO k`lyyQ. em nQs` s$m @k;~wYykm, s$m s~}ryktm ayw~ pQrQs smg s`kc|C` @gny$mt ap wWrNy kL`.

aq ap jWvw~vn~@n~ nQqhs l#bW@mn~ psR gwvR h#t@vnQ vs@r\. nQqhsQn~ psR rtk~ wQbQy yRwO w#nq @m| wQ@bn~@n~. nQqhsQn~ psR jnw`v sQtQy yRwO w#nkq aq @m| in~@n~. @my ap vQsQn~m a@pn~ a#sQy yRwOv wQ@bn pYX~nyk~.

ap qkQnv` rt iqQrQ@y~ brpwl pYX~n gNn`vk~. @my @l~sQ@yn~, phsR@vn~ mMh#rQy h#kQ pYX~nyk~ kQy` jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRN hQwn~@n~ n#h#. ap @m| pYX~ny @gn @n`a`v`t @mm brpwl ar\bRqy aptw~ aq ur#m@vl`. nQqhsQn~ psR gw vR vsr h#@tn~ vsr wQhk~m gmn~ k@L~ ekm a`r\}Qk h` @q~Xp`ln pYwQpw~wQyk~ mwyQ. in~ @pr kOd` @vns~km| qEtRv`. 1977 t @pr @qp#w~wk~ kQy` @qyk~ wQbRN`. e~ bv ap pQLQgw yRwOyQ.

ar\bRqy ugY @vq~qW pk; n`ykyn~@gn~ apt aq asn~nt l#@bnv` rt hrQ vQqQyt hqn~n nm| avRr#qE qhyk~vw~ ek pk;yt bly o|n$ kQy`. psRgQy vsr wQh gw~vQt k`tvw~ kQyn~n pRUvn~q ap sQtQ@y~ ekm a`r\}Qk, @q~Xp`ln pYwQpw~wQyk~ mw @n`@v| kQy`. ap gw k@L~ ekm pYwQpw~wQyk~ mwyQ. e~ wmyQ InQy` vQv^w a`r\}Qk pYwQpw~wQy h[En~v` qEn~ a`r\}Qk h` @q~Xp`ln pYwQpw~wQy. ap wb`@gn hQQtQ@y~ e~ mwyQ.

avRr#qE qhyk~ @n`@v|, ek~sw~ j`wQk pk;y avRr#qE q`hwk~ ek qQgt bl@y~ hQtQy`. psRv XYW lAk` nQqhs~ pk;y sh @p`qE @prmRN bl@y~ sQtQn qhwOn~v#nQ vsryQ @m| gw@vn~@n~.

nQqhsQn~ psR jnw`vt alEw~ gmnk~ y` h#kQ bv @pn~v` qEn~, r@tQ jnw`vt @@{r\yy sh vQX~v`sy lb`qEn~ k`lyk~ wmyQ jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRN rjy smg sQtQ @ktQ k`lsWm`v. @m| rt nrkm ww~w~vyt yn~n @n`qW wQy`gn~n apt eq` h#kQvRN`.

avRr#qE wQhk pYwQpw~wQy @gn a`@v| @k`h`tq... s`hQw& sh kl` @k;wY@y~ ny#lQ ay qn~nv` "s`hQw& kn~nq... iwQh`sy kn~nq" kQy` a#sR n`yk@y`~ @m| k`ly wOL sQtQy`. s`hQw&y sh iwQh`sy n#wQvRN`. rtt iwQrQ vR@y~ @m`nv`q kQy` @s`y` b#lQy yRwOyQ.

r@tQ s~@@vrWx`vy, @x_mQk aKN~dw`v sh nQqhs jWvQw@y~ apt upwQn~ lq @q~vl~. jWvQw prQw&`g kr @h`~ ap @m|v` rFkgw yRwOyQ.

aq vn vQt @x_mQk aKN~dw`v sh mvRbQ@m| s~@@vrWx`vy u@qs` wYQvQ{ hmRq`v qQvQ prqEvt wb` stn~ vqQnv`. @m| r@tQ xSmQy @q~X sWm` rFkgn~n b#rQ nm| wYQvQ{ hmRq`vk~ avX& n#h#. ey vQsRr#v`lQy yRwO bv ap eq` pYkX k@L~ a@p~ wYQvQ{ hmRq`v g#n q#dQ vQX~v`syk~ wQbR nQsyQ. @bqEm|v`qyt e@rhQv ktyRwO kr wYQvQ{ hmRq`v aq apt shwQkyk~ qW wQ@bnv`. q#n~ n#@gnhQr pL`w wYQvQ{ hmRq`v vQsQn~ nQqhs~ kr gw~w`. q#n~ @k`tQ p`ln pY@q~X kQy` pY@q~Xyk~ n#@gnhQr pL`@w~ n#h#.

eq` in~qE lAk` gQvQsR@mn~ y` kL uwOr# n#@gnhQr pL`w~ @qk nWwQmy vX@yn~ @vn~ krn~n kQsQvkO pQyvr gw~@w~ n#h#. e~ avs~}`v`qW @q~Xp`ln vRvmn`vn~ nQs`. k`tvw~ vRvmn` a`k`ryt bQ@yn~ a@p~ nQqhs qQnn~@n~ n#wQv sQtQy yRwO n#h#. aq jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRN nWwQmy vX@yn~ a{QkrNy hmRvt @g`s~ uwOr# n#@gnhQr pL`w~ @vn~kr g#nWmt ktyRwO kL`.

pL`w~ sx`, pL`w~ p`ln Cn~q pvw~v` e~ pL`@w~ pYj`wn~wYv`qy pQhQtRv` jnw`vt sQy ktyRwO kr g#nWmt id slsn @ls ap eq` il~l` sQtQy`. q#n~ wQ@bn~@n~ tQkyQ. j`w&n~wr pYj`@v| k`tq q#n~ mWt vQr#q~{v kw` kL h#k~@k~. m`nv ayQwQv`sQkm| ul~lAGny krn bvt @c`~qn` krnv`. m` @h`~ @vn o|n$m aykO rj@y~ avsrykQn~ @w`rv avQ a`yR{ awt gw~@w`w~ @p`lQsQ@y~, wYQvQ{ hmRq`@v| yRwOkm sh vgkWm wmyQ m` @h`~ a`yR{ awt gw~ ay nQr`yR{ kQrWm. e~ kYQy`v wmyQ q#n~ wYQvQ{ hmRq`v vQsQn~ @m| kr wQ@bn~@n~. wYQvQ{ hmRq`vw~ @p`lQsQyw~ sQqEkr a#w~@w~ blhw~k`rkmk~ vRNw~ ey sRj`w blhw~k`ryk~. a@p~ vQ@q~X am`w&`AXy @m|v` g#n hrQyt kw` krn~@n~ n#h#. a@p~ r@tQ nQqhs g#n a@p~ vQ@q~X a#m#wQvr# kw` krn~@n~ hrQm bQ@yn~.

aq s$m w#nkm p#h#qQlQ kd`v#tWmk~ qk~nt l#@bnv`. prQp`lny, mRql~ @rgOl`sQ kd`v#tQl`. mRl& pYwQpw~wQ nQsQ a`k`ryt a`rk;` krn~@n~ n#h#.

apQ v@g~m pYX~nvlt mRhRNqEn~ rtk~ @vnQsQyRl`v. aq @vnQsQyRl`v j`w&n~wr mRl& armRq@ln~ ivw~@vl`. @vnQsQyRl`vt e~ s[h` @h`[ @k`n~qk~ wQ@bnv`. a{Qr`j&v`qyt e@rhQv @k`n~qk~ a#wQv n#gW sQtQy yRwOyQ. a{Qr`j& jygw~ w#nk~ n#h#. @vnQsQyRl`v aq apt jWvm`n a`qr\Xyk~ lb` qW wQ@bnv`. @ht anQq~q` vn vQt pYj`wn~wYv`qW @l`~k b#AkOvk~, pYj`wn~wYv`qW j`w&n~wr mRl& armRqlk~ h#@qnv`. evQt pYj`wn~wY vQ@r`~{W, a{Qr`j&v`qy qr` sQtQn j`w&n~wr mRl& armRql, @l`~k b#AkOv, @n~@t`~v, @l`~k @v@L[ sAvQ{`ny kd` v#@tnv`. a#mrQk`nR a{Qr`j&v`qy avs`nyQ kQy` a`r\}Qk vQ@X~;Zyn~ pv` pvsnv`. em nQs` apt q#n~ vQX~v`sq`yk w#nk sQt iqQrQy bln~n pRUvn~. aq vQkl~p j`wQk m`vwk~ pmNk~ @n`@v| vQkl~p j`w&n~wr m`vwkOw~ wQ@ynv`.

@m| avs~}`vt jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmR@N~ pYc`rk @l~km|, p`r\lQ@m|n~wO mn~wYW vQml~ vWrvAX, @q~Xp`ln mN~dl sxQk, p`r\lQ@m|n~wO mn~wYW vQjQw @h~rw~ yn mhw~vr# q shx`gQ vRh.

@s`~mvAX amrsQAh mhw`@g~ aqhs~ q#k~vW@mn~ anwOr#v kl`kr#vn~ sh s`hQw&kr#vn~ smg pvw~vn kwQk`v a`rm|x vR awr ey m`{& s[h` vQv^w @n`vQNQ.

 
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            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v