o@b| aB yhUv` sW.ayQ.e~ k`r@yk~  vQy h#kQyQ
sW. ayQ. e~ ow~wO  @s~v`v g#n tQkk~

psRgQy vkv`nR@v| @qm`syktw~ adR k`lykqW a#mrQk`nRvn~ ah@shQ r[v` wQbR cn~qYQk` @qkk~ ar\bRqykt lk~vQNQ. in~ ek~ cn~qYQk`vk~ p`ln@yn~ mQqW @p`@l`vt kd` v#@tn~nt nQymQwv wQbR awr a@nk~ cn~qYQk`v mQsyQlyk~ @y`qv` ah@shQqWm vQn`X kr q#mQNQ. vQ@X~;w~vy vn~@n~ @m| cn~qYQk` @qkm ow~wO b#lWm s[h` @y`q`gnR l#bR e~v` vWmy.

a#mrQk`v ow~wO bln~nt cn~qYQk` ahst y#vWmw~ vQvQ{ nv w`k~;Ny upkYmyn~ @y`q` g#nWmw~ qXk kQhQpyk sQt @l`~ky`t ewrm|m ar#myk~ @n`vWy. e@hw~ @m| kw` krn~nt yn~@n~ e~ g#n @n`@v|. e~ qQyRNR w`k~;N kYm@v|qyn~tw~ vd` a#mrQk`v vQX~v`sy wb` sQtQn sW. ayQ. e~ sAvQ{`n@y~ pRq~gl ow~wO @s~v`v g#ny. ey kw` krn~nt wrm| sRvQ@X~;Q k`rNyk~ vn~@n~ a#mrQk`nR ow~wO bln cn~qYQk` "ah@shQ" wQ@bn bv qn~n` nmRw~ wmn~@g~ @h`[m "mQwOr`" sW. ayQ. e~. k`r@yk~ bv a#mrQk`@v| @g`qEr# bvt pw~vn @b`@h`~ rtvlv#sQyn~ qn~@n~ n#wQkmy. sW. ayQ. e~. j`ly epmNktm sRk;my. psRgQy swQ kQQhQp@y~qWm fQ@ql~ ks~@wY`~ kQyRb`nR n`ykw~v@yn~ ivw~vWmw~ smgm sW. ayQ. e~. kw`bh n#vw a#qW a`@v|y. fQ@ql~@g~ @p_q~glQk jQvQw@y~ avRl~ vQyvRl~ a#wQ k@L~q sW. ayQ. e~ k`ryn~ bv kQy#@v|.

sW. ayQ. e~. sAvQ{`n@y~ vw~mn~ a{k;vry` vn myQkl~ @h~d|n~

sW. ayQ. e~. sAvQ{`ny pQhQt vR@y~ 1947 jRlQ 26 v#nQq`vky. e~ evkt a#mrQk`nR j`n{QpwQ {Rry @hbvR h#rQQ es~ t^^mn~ vQsQnQ. nQym sW. ayQ. e~. k`r@yk~ ayw~ vn vQ@X~; kN~d`ymk~ a#w. ey h#[Qn~@vn~@n~ (W{T : WC$k;~K {C$s^o;{x Ts^{BC: : vQ@X~; @m@hyRm| kN~d`ym @lsQnQ. @m| es~. o|. jW. s`m`jQkyn~ n#wQnm| sW. ayQ. e~ k`r@yk~ vX@yn~ iw` @h`[ pRRhRNRvk~ l#bRvn~y. ey @h`[ mtQt@m| hmRq` pRhRNRvk~ @ls h#[Qn~vW@mhQq vrqk~ n#w. e~ ayt ow~wO bln~nt l#@bn~@n~ sRpQrQ pRhRNRvkQ.

@m| ow~wO kr#vn~ vQvQ{ rtvlt @g`s~ jWvw~vn a`k`r@yn~ ow~wO kr#@vkO bv kQsQvQ@tkw~ h[En`gw @n`h#kQy. @m| s$m ow~wO kr#@vk~m e~ e~ rtvl vQvQ{ rFkQy`vl nQyRk~w @vyQ. e~ e~ rtvl k`n~w`vn~ smg vQv`h @vyQ. k`n~w` ow~wO k`rQyn~ pRr#;yn~ smg vQv`h @vyQ. qr#ml~ln~ lbyQ. @m| sQyl~l krnv`t ovRnt vsrkt iw` a{Qk v#tRpk~ @gvnR lbyQ. ey vsrkt lk~; pnh ik~mvn~nkQ. e@hw~ e~ e~ rtvl rFkQy` mgQn~ mRql~ ip#yWmtq ovRnt whnmk~ n#w. e~ a`k`r@yn~ mRql~ ip#yWmt nm| sW. ayQ. e~ sAvQ{`nyt b#[Wm @h`[ y#yQ @k@nkOt sQwOnq ey ewrm|m phsR n#w. sW. ayQ. e~. sAvQ{`nyt b#@[n~@nkO@g~ "p#tQkQrQy" pQLQb[v ow~wO spyn~@nkO vQsQn~ spyn v`r\w`v pQLQb[v pY{`nQy` s$hWmkt pw~vQy yRwOy.

sAvQ{`nyt b#@[n~nkO vsr gNn~ @vnw~ rtk v`sy krn gmn~ vQX~v`snQyw~vy rFkWm s[h`q vQ@X~; pRhRNRvk~ lb`gw yRwOy. e~ s[h` ovRn~ k$m|p~ pQyrQ k~PC C$~s^X @vwQn~ pRhRNRvk~ l#bQy yRwOy. k$m|p~ pQyrQ, sW. ayQ. e~. s`m`jQkyn~ h[En~vn~@n~ "@g`vQ pL" @lsy. ey pQhQt` a#w~@w~ vr\jQnQy` nRvr vQlQym|s~br\g~ pY@q~X@y~ @hk~ty`r wOn~ qhs~ hysQykt v#dQ kOd` vn`n~wryky. k$m|p~ pQyrQ @g`vQp@l~ vg` krn mQnQs~ ow~wO: kr#vn~ vsrkt psR in~ eLQyt bsQn~@n~ sRpQrQ ow~wO kr#@vkO vX@ynQ. k$m|p~ pQyrQ k[vRr vt` ktR km|bQ gs` q#dQ mRrk`vl~ @y`q` a#w. vr\gy @h`~ j`wQy kOmk~ vRvq kmk~ n#w. ow~wO b#lWmt avX& r@tQQm h#dhRr#v a#wQ e~ x`;`v qn~n` ay vWm wvw~ @h`[y. vQ@X~;@yn~m a#mrQk`nR hmRq` k`N~d vl sQtQn vtQn`kmk~ a#wQ ayt pYmRKw~vy hQmQ@v|.

e~ e~ rtvl sQrQw~ vQrQw~ x`;`v @mn~m e~ e~ rtvl x`vQw` @k@rn nvWn @mn~m sm|pYq`yQk avQ a`yR{ x`vQwy pQLQb[vq k$m|p~ pQyrQ pRhRNR@v|qW lb` @q~. e@mn~m iw` rhsQgwv o|n$m rtkt a#wOU vn~nn~ e~ kYm@v|qym x`vQw krmQn~ ertQn~ pQt @vn~nw~, ow~wO bln rtvl s~v@q~XQkyn~ "aB yhUvn~" bvt pw~ kr@gn ovRn~q sW. ayQ. e~. ow~wO kr#vn~ vX@yn~ pRhRNR kQrWmq e~ pRhRNRvt ayw~y. ow~wO b#lW@m| rs~s`vt v#dQ a#l~mk~ a#wQvn @s~ mns sks~ krn~@n~ aq`L pRq~gly`tq @n`q#@nn~nty.

awQ s`r\}k pRhRNR@vn~ psR ym| rtkt pnQn es~. o|. jW. @s`l~q`qEv` n#wQnm| sW. ayQ. e~. ow~wO kr#v` cn~dQ@ykO vn~@n~ n#w. e~ e~ rtvlqW ohR s`mk`mW pRrv#sQ@ykQ. a`yR{yk~ a@w~ n#wQ vRvq awt l#@bn o|n$m @qyk~ a`yR{yk~ krgn~nt ohRt h#kQy`v a#w. e@hw~ ow~wOkr#vn~ v#dQpRrm krn~@n~ hQmQn~ sWr#@v| m`r#vW y$m pmNkQ.

qQnpw`m wmn~t ayw~ pNQvRd hRvm`r# yn~wY mgQn~ @h`~ vr\wm`n@y~ qW nm| l#p~@t`p~ prQgNk m`r\g@yn~ wmn~ rFs~kr gw~ @w`rwOr# sW. ayQ. e~. mRls~}`nyt y#vWm ovRn~ krn~@n~ wmn~@g~ vQv`hk bQrQ[t @h`~ @n`q#@nn prQq~@qnQ. ow~wO hRvm`r#@v|qW x`vQw kL h#kQ sA@k~w, rhs~ x`;`vn~, @vnw~ ayt lb`gw @n`h#kQ @s~ v`r\w` sks~ kQrQm a`qQy ovRnt pRhRNR@v|qWm lb`@q~.

a#mrQk`@v| vr\jQnQy` pY`n~w@y~ l$n~g~lQ pY@q~X@y~ pQhQt` a#wQ sW. ayQ. e~. sAvQ{`n@y~ pY{`n mRls~}`n@y~ ek~ @k`rQ@d`~vk qQgtm qk~nt a#w~@w~ wr# smRhykQ. e~ ek~ ek~ wr#v b#gQn~ sA@k~wvw~ vn~@n~ r`jk`rQ@y~qW mQygQy ow~wO sgyn~y. e@hw~ 1947 sW. ayQ. e~ sAvQ{`ny pQhQtRvnR l#bR q` ptn~ aq vnwOr#w~ r`jk`rQ@y~qW mQygQy ow~wO kr#vn~ pYm`Ny sQyktw~ adR sAK&`vkQ. in~ kQy#@vn pNQvQdy ovRn@g~ r`jk`rQy vQXQ;~T an~qmQn~ itR krn bvyQ. vQvQ{ rtvl qW al~l` gn~n` lq sW. ayQ. e~. ow~wO kr#vn~@gn rhs~ vm`r`gw @n`h#kQv e~ rtvl a`rk~;k aAX ovRn~ sQr kr@gn a#wQ avs~}`q @b`@h`~y. e@hw~ e~ g#nq sQyU @w`rwOr# sW. ayQ. e~. sAvQ{`nyt y`vw~k`lWnv l#@bn~@n~ sQrgwv sQtQn ow~wO kr#vn~@g~ aB yhUvn~ mgQnQ.

w`k~;Ny @k`wrm| qQyRNR mtQtmk vRvq a#mrQk`v @k`wrm| @b`@h`~ @w`rwOr# wvmw~ lb` gn~@n~ @m| es~. o|. jW. s`m`jQkyn~ m`r\g@ynQ. mhmgqW obt hmRvn "alEw~ mQwYy`" sW. ayQ. e~. k`r@yk~ y#yQ s#k @n`krn~n. e@hw~ ohR sW. ayQ. e~ k`r@yk~@g~ "aB yhU@vkO" vWmt b#rQ n#w.

an~wr\j`ly a#sRrQnQ
u@q~X sAjWv gm@g~

 
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