sAs~krNy : n`rq nQX~XAk

hQn~qEs~w`n~ sAgWw@yn~ sQAhl sAgWwy mRq`gw~
sRnQl~ X`n~w

q$y s#nsR g`n~{r\vy` q#@yn~ smR@gn ikOw~ 11 v#nQq`t atvQsQ vsk~ spQr#NQ. ewOm` smrnRvs~ @m| lQpQy pL @v|.

1949 vr\;@y~ m` @k`LB mh @r`~g& X`l`@v| @s~vy krmQn~ sQtQyqW a@p~ a`qrNWy sAgWwZykO g`ykykO h` x`;` @pY~mQykO vR sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw` @k`LB mh @r`~g& X`l`@v| kn~, n`s, ugOr pQLQb[ v`tQtRvkt a#wOLw~ vW sQtQnR mt ahm|@bn~ qk~nt l#bQN.

sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw` v`tQtRvt qW wQbR@N~ up@w~ ptn~ x`vQw vR nmyQ. e@hyQn~ v`tQtR@v| kQsQvkOt ohR sRnQl~ X`n~w bv h[En` gn~nt @n`h#kQ vQy.

sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw`@g~ a#[ psRkr yn vQt mt ewOm` ahm|@bn~ qk~nt l#bQN. e~ vn vQt ohR g`ykykO vX@yn~ mhw~ jnpYs`qyt pw~v sQtQ@y~y. upX`n~w @pnRmQn~ h` a`@r`~h prQN`h sm|pw~wQ@yn~ @hbQ sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw` e@v@l~m v`tQtR@v| @hq @s`@h`yRrQynt h[En~v` qWmt m` pYm`q vR@y~ n#w.

@hq @s@h`yRrQ@y`~ mhw~ swOtt pw~v sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw`@g~ a#[ vt kr @gn wm`@g~ gW a#sWmt iw` pQYykrn bv kQy` sQtQy` pmNk~ @n`v sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw` v`tQtR@v| sQtQn wOr# ewOm`t avX& a`h`r p`n wmn~ pQLQ@yl kr@gn en bvq kQy` sQtQyh. s#bvQn~m sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw` v`tQtR@v| sQtQn wOr# em @hq @s`@h`yRrQyn~ wmn~ pqQAcQ a#n~. tW. a#s~. (nr\ss~ @tYnQn~ s~kSl~) @hq pRhRNR p`s@l~ nQl nQv`svlQn~ a`h`r pQLQ@yl kr @gn vQw~ sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw`t pQrQn#mR@v| mhw~ xk~wQykQnQ. eq` ewOm` l#bR@y~ eb[E gr# s#LkQLQy.

1915 a@pY~l~ 14 v#nQq` upn~ sRnQl~ X`n~w 1980 a@pY~l~ 11 v#nQq` ax`vpY`p~w vQy.

m{Rr @k`~kQl n`q@yn~ k`@g~w~ @qsvn~ pQnvR sRnQl~ X`n~w ap@gn~ smR@gn gQyw~ ewOm` n#gS m{Rr s~vry sqhtm k`@g~w~ @qsvn~ wOL hqvw~ wOL h` XWY lAk` gOvn~ wl@y~ rFv| pQLQrFv| @qnR a#w. hQn~qEs~w`n~ sAgWw@yn~ mQqW @hL gW mQhQr @k@r\ j`wQ@y~ hqvw~ s#nsWmt sRnQl~ X`n~w smw~ vR@y~ apYm`N qEk~ krqr vQ[QmQnQ.

@k`@wk~ qEk~ hQrQh#r vQ[QmQn~ @h`~ ewOm` a@p~ gWwyt sAgWwyt amrNWy @s~vyk~ kL bv kQv yRwOmy. "o|lE pQpWl`" "h[ p`@n~" "mQhQkw nlv`l" "sRv[ @r`~s ml~ @nl`" "lAk` lAk` @pm|br lAk`" yn`qW gWw r`XQyk~ aq vnwOr# jnpQYyw~vyt pw~v wQ@bn bv amRwO@vn~ kQv yRwO @n`@v|.

mt @m| avs~}`@v|qW sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw` sm|bn~{ vR wvw~ sQq~{Qyk~ mwk~ @v|. 1953 qW agY`m`w& dW. a#s~. @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ a`q`hn @prh#r q` lk~; sAK&`w jnw`vk@gn~ @b_q~{`@l`~k m`vw pQrW iwQrW @g`s~ wQbRNR avs~}`@v| @qp` bQm wbn~nt @n`h#kQvR mhjnw`v iqQrQyt a#q~qW gQ@y~ p`@r\ sQt aMl~ hyk~ wrmt udQnQ.

p`r ayQ@n~ vR mh` m`r gskt pQtqW, e@s~ iqQrQyt a#q~qWy`@mn~ vLkQn~nt mt h#kQvQy. eq` sRqE @v|tQtQyw~, j`wQk b#nQymw~ a#[ m` smMm gst pQtqW sQtQ@y~ sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw`y. @k@s~ nmRqE ap @q@qn`@g~m a#[Em| gOr#p`t g#sW wQbQNQ.

@l`~k@y~ @b`@h`~ @XY~;~Tyn~@g~ jWvQw kw` kQyvn vQt apYm`N qEk~ pWd` vQn~q sQg~mn~d| @pY`yQd|, m#k~sQm| @g`~r\kQ v#nQ mh` pRr#;yn~ awrt sRnQl~ X`n~w mhw`@g~ nm q a#wOLw~ kL h#kQ bv mm kQymQ.

1939 qW mQygQy sQg~mn~d| @pY`yQd| aq qk~v`w~ sQhQ krnR lbn s[hn~ krnR lbn @XY~;~T m@n`~vQq&`Z@ykQ. aqw~ pYmRKw~v@yn~ s[hn~ krnR lbn~@n~ sQg~mn~d| @pY`yQd| nmy. e@hw~ ewOm` 1939 qW pQLQk`vk~ s$qW mQy yn wOr#m vQn~q qEk~ q#n g#nWmt ewOm`@g~ jWvn crQwy kQyvQy yRwOy. e@mn~m yR@qv|vkO vW@m| p`pyt hQtQlr\@g~ n`sW hmRq`v vQsQn~ ewOm`t @m`n wrm| qEk~ pWd` @qnR l#bWq? m#k~sQm| @g`~r\kQ ynRq mh` @l~Kk@ykQ. mh` nv kw` kr#@vkQ. ohR vQn~q qEk~ g#n av@b`~{yk~ a#wQ kr g#nWmtq ohR@g~ jWvQw kw`v kQyvQy yRwOv a#w. sRnQl~ X`n~w g#nq mt lQyn~nt sQqE vW wQ@bn~@n~ @m| a`k`r@yn~my.

1915 qW pmRNRgmqW @m@l`~ eLQy qEtR sRnQl~ X`n~w ipqW wOn~ m`syk~ gw vn~ntw~ @pr ohR@g~ pQy` hqQsQ@y~ mQy gQ@y~y. ew#n~ sQt ohR rFkbl` gnR l#bR@y~ ohR@g~ mv vQsQnQ. e~ s[h` a$ ann~w qEk~ g#h#t vQn~q`y. v#dQ klk~ yn~nt @pr sRnQl~ X`n~wt vys avRr#qE wOn vw~m ohR@g~ mvq mQy gQy`y.

@mw#n~ sQt @n`@yk~ qEk~km|k@t`lE m#q ohR v#dR@N~y. mvRpQy @q@qn`m n#wQ wOn~ h#vQrQqQ qr#vkO @k`yQwrm| asWr# qEk~mRsR jWvQwyk~ gw krn~nt a#q~q?

qhsy v#nQ vQ@y~qW @qtR @pL prWk~;N@yn~ lAk`@v| pLmR v#nQy` vX@yn~ smw~ vW@mn~ h#m@g~m @g_rvytw~ p#ssRmtw~ lk~ vQy.

1933 qW gOr# ax&`s vQq&`lyt a#wOLw~ vR ohR @qvsrk pRhRNRv a#v$@mn~ gOr# v^w~wQyt eLBQ@y~ vQX`l a@p~k~;`vn~ shQwvy.

sAgWwy s[h` qk~;w`vk~ h` prm`X`vk~ q#k~vR sRnQl~ X`n~w gOr# v^w~wQy aw h#r sAgWwy h#q$rWm s[h` 1939 qW in~qQy`v bl` pQtw~ vQy. 1944 qW x`w~kN~d vQX~vvQq&`l@y~ up`{Qy lb` @gn sQy rt p#mQN a@p~ p#v#wQ gWwy nv mgk~ kr` @gn e~mt pR@r`~g`mWv ktyRwO krn~nt ptn~ gw~@w~y.

mRl sQtm j`wQk gW g#yWmt ptn~ gw~@w~ ohR wOL p#v#wQ j`wQk h#MWm| @m`LvmQnQ. g#mQ n`q kl` up@y`~gW kr@gn mvR bQmt g#l@pn sAgWw kYmyk~ bQhQ kQrW@m| pYyw~nyk @yqE@N~y. mQnQskO @prt p` wbn vQt h` a`@l`~kyk~ vQhQqEvn vQt irQsQy`kr#vn~ a#wQ vWm mnR;& s~vx`vykQ. sRnQl~ X`n~w pmNk~ @n`v @m| lQyn ap pv` ev#nQ mQnQsRn~t mRhRN qW wQ@b|.

gOvn~ vQqElQ sAs~}`@v| il~lWm prQqQ sRnQl~ X`n~w v@rk sAgWw pr\@y~;N aAX@y~ ym| ym| prWk~;N p#v#w~vW@m| nQrw vQy.

lAk` gOvn~ vQqElQ @s~v@y~ a#ryRm prQqQ XQl~pWn~ vr\g kQrWm s[h` @mhQ p#mQNQ lk~nv| vQX~vvQq&`l@y~ mh`c`r\y rw~n jAkr\ (rwn~jAk ynR@vn~q kQy#vQNQ) mhw` p#v#w~vR prWk~;Nyt sRnQl~ X`n~w vQr#q~{w~vy p` eyt shx`gQ @n`vWy. @m| @h~wO@vn~ ohR gOvn~ vQqElQ@yn~ ivw~ krnR l#bQN. @myQn~ psR ohR j`a#l @qhQy`g`w gmt vW g@m| p`slk ig#n~vR sQy bQrQy@g~ v#tR@pn~ qQvQ @gvR@y~ @n`@yk~ b`{k m{&@y~y. ek~ klk~ ohR gOvn~ vQqElQ yn~wY alEw~v#dQy` kQrW@m| @yqE@N~y. wvw~ vQ@tk C`y`r$p XQl~pQykO @ls ktyRwO k@L~y. wvw~ k@lk ohR krvl kdyk~ qm`@gn sQtQ bv asn~nt l#bQN. (?)

an~wQ@m|qW cQwYpt a{&k~; @ls~tr\ @jm|s~ pWrQs~ mhw` nQs` "@r\K`v, sA@q~Xy" yn cQwYptvl gW pYbn~{ kQrW@m| k`r\yy ohRt p#vr#NQ.

sRnQl~ X`n~w sQy jWvQw@y~ mRhRN p$ iw` av`sn`vn~w ax`g&mw~ sQq~{Qy vR@y~ sQy pRw~ jgw~ qQ@y~ gQlW ak`l@y~ mQy y$myQ.

a`nn~q vQjyvWr

 

 
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         sWm`shQw up`lQ pRvw~pw~ sm`gm
            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v