yk`tvw~ by n#wQ @j`~n~ @k`wl`vl

XWYmw~ @j`~n~ lynl~ @k`wl`vl @hvw~ @j~. a#l~. @k`wl`vl mhw` mRU rtm h[En~vn~@n~ "sr\ @j`~n~" nmQnQ. yk`tvw~ by n#wQ n`ykykO @lsw~ kQv| @qyk~ @vns~ @n`kL @knkO @lsw~ iw` pYsQq~{Qyt pw~vR @mwOm` vt` @gwOn rs kw` sQy gNnkQ.

XWY lAk`@v| @wv#nQ agm#wQvry` vR XWYmw~ @j`~n~ @k`wl`vl mhw` @q~Xp`lnyt pQvQsQ@y~ 1931 r`j& mn~wYN sx`vt kOr#N$gl a`sny jygYhNy krmQnQ. ek~sw~ j`wQk pk;@y~ wOn~vn n`yky` vR @k`wl`vl mhw` pk; mRls~}`ny vR "sQrQ@k`w" @g`dn#MW@m| mRlQky` q vQy. XWY lAk`vt pY}m vw`vt bQYw`n& mh rFjQn @gn~v` g#nWmt ktyRwO kL @k`wl`vl mhw` @m| rtt iAgWYsQ agY`N~dRk`rvrykO avX& @n`m#wQ bv @pn~v`qW sr\ olQvr\ gONwQlk mhw` pY}m sQAhl agY`N~dRk`rvry` vX@yn~ pw~ kr gw~h. 1948 sQt @k`wl`vl mhw` agm#wQ vnwOr#m nQqhs~ qQny q` ap r@tQ j`wQk @k`dQy smg iAgWYsQ kwQr @k`dQy q esvWm kL awr @k`wl`vl mhw` agm#wQvW@mn~ psRv em ktyRw~w a@h`~sQ kr qmn lqW.

sRq~qkO @ls a#[ p#L[ iAgWYsQ bsQn~ kw` krmQn~ ovRn~@g~ a`h`rp`n vr\g anRxv kL q @k`wl`vl mhw` a{Qr`j&v`qyt wqQn~ b#t qEn~ a@ykQ. a`dm|brk`r iAgWYsQ nQl{`rWn~ h` v#vQlQkr#vn~ qN bQm a#n~n vR @mwOm` wOL sQAhl gwQgON h` vWr kQYy` r`XQykQ. 1981 qW jWvQw@yn~ smRgw~ sr\. @j`~n~ @k`wl`vl mhw` kOr#N$gl Cn~q @k`tQT`sy s[h` 1931 qW r`j& mn~wYN sx`vt pLmRvrt iqQrQpw~v jygYhNy k@L~y. ewOm` r`j& mn~wYN sx`vt 1931 vs@r\ iqQrQpw~@vq~qW @b`@h`@qn` ewOm`@g~ jygYhNy @vnR@vn~ kQYy` k@L~ edQwr sQAhlykO @ls ktyRwO kL nQs`y.

em m#wQvrN@y~qW kOr#N$gl a`snyt iqQrQpw~ vR sQylEm a@p~k;kyn~ @gn~vR kOr#N$gl sRqE qQs`pwQvry` wm wmn~ Cn~qy il~ln armRN sh qQnRv`t psRv krn @q~vl~ g#n pYk`X krn @ls il~lWmk~ k@L~y. @m| anRv p#mQNQ sQylEm Cn~q`@p~k;k@y`~ sRqE qQs`pwQvry` iqQrQ@yhQ by`qE gwQ p`mQn~ ythw~ phw~v p#vsR@v| wm` kOr#N$gl qQnR@v`w~ sRqE a`N~dRvt ytw~v pk;p`wv ovRn~ kQyn a`k`ryt ktyRwO krn bvy. avs`n@y~ aqhs~ iqQrQpw~ kQrWmt idkd s#lsR@n~ @k`wl`vl mhw`ty. ohR sx`v a#mwO@v| qQs`pwQvry`@gn~ avsry q @n`@gn an~ a@p~k;kyn~t rvmQnQ. ewOm` q#nRm| qEn~ @q~vlQn~ qQs`pwQvry`t q a@nkOw~ a@p~k;kynt q qvl~ wr# @pnQNQ. ewOm` kL kw`@v| s`r`AXy vR@y~ @myyQ.

"mm kOr#N$glt Cn~qy il~ln~@n prqQn~n @n`@vyQ qQnn~ntyQ. mm qQnRv gmn~ krn~@n qQs`pwQ vX@yn~ in~n nRB eLvl qmn ekyQ. uB vQwrk~ @n`@vyQ r@tQm in~n sRqE h#wQkry ap rtQn~ pn~nl qmn~n ktyRwO krnv`. nRBl Cn~qy il~ln~@n sRq~qn~t vRvmn` vQqQyt p`lny krn~n nm| nRBl a#yQ? uBlt vd` @h`[t mRn~ e~ tQk kryQ. sRqE qQs`pwQvry` @pn~v` p#vsWy. e~ nQs` m@g~ prm`r\}yw~, armRNw~ sRqE a{Qr`j&v`q@yn~ m@g~ rt @b|r` g#nWmyQ" sRqE qQs`pwQ@g~ rFs~vWm ewnQn~ avsn~ vQy. Cn~q@yn~ qQnR@v| sr\ @j`~n~ @k`wl`vl mhw`y. ewOm` jygYhNy kr sRqE qQs`pwQvry` eLv` q#mRv`q#yQ @n`qnQmR. nmRw~ em kw`@vn~ avRr#qE vQsQwOnkt psRv ewOm` lAk`@v| sQtQ sRqE agY`N~dRk`r @s`~l~brQ s`mQ eLv` q#mR bv nm| qnQmR. eyQn~ sQqE vR@y~ 1796 qW sr\ @fd|rQk~ @n`~r\w~@gn~ a#rBRn a`N~dRk`r n`m`vlQy nQqhsQn~ psRv agY`N~dRk`r vW. @s`~l~brQ s`mQ@gn~ avsn~ kQrWmy.

@k`wl`vl mhw` g#n kvRr# @k`@h`m kQyRvq lQyRvq ewOm` LM wQbRN sQylEm kQYy` a{Qr`j&v`qyt e@rhQv sQqEvRNR e~v` bv s[hn~ kQrWm ewOm`t krn @g_rvykQ. 1947 qWw~ 1952 qWw~ 1956 qWw~ @q`dm|gs~ln~q a`sn@y~ mn~wWYvry` @ls m#wQ sbyt a` sr\ @j`~n~ @k`wl`vl mhw` @p`@L`n~nr#v @g`vQ jnpq v&`p`r a`rm|x kQrW@m|qW sQqE k@L~ pR@r`~g`mW @m@hvrkQ.

1931 qW r`j& mn~wYN sx`v s[h` kOr#N$gl a`snyt iqQrQpw~ vR sr\. @j`~n~ @k`wl`vl mhw`t jy pw` sQAhl kvQ kQr#L sMr`vt ehQ kr\w^ @k~. vW. bW. aqQk`rm| mhw` lQyn lq kvQ pn~wQykQ @m|.

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@v@ss~ apt sQhQ@vn kLgONanRv

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lk~ jnw` @k`wl`vl m#wQkLN

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awQgr# @s~n`n`yk wOm @mn~qsRr#

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@m`nvt sRqn yRwOkm| kL@h`w~ @m@nhQ

asRnt @s@b| kOr#N$gl pRrv@rhQ

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@m`nvt wb` cn~@q~ @qmR @qmR s#rhQ

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vW @l`l~ nQwQ qQyRN @mrm` vdnsr#

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gr#wr mhw~m`_ ob gON krsmr

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kr#N` ly#wQ @k`wl`vl m#wQ[E@st

kOr#N$gl asRn @vw rq sb`vt

kr#NkQ iw` v#qgw~ yv@nmR evQt

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prhQwk`mW @j~. a#l~. @k`wl`vl mhw~m`,

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@s`bn wOm| gON n#NwQ @k`wl`vl m#wQ[E s[myyQ nQsQ@k`t

Lqr#v`tw~ mhl~l`tw~ nQhwm`nQ gwQy @pn~vn

mQwOr# amQwOr# k`t k`tw~ ekm kr#N` gO@Nn~spQr#N

isRr#mw~ ay g#nw~ asrNyn~ g#nw~ @vnsk~@n`qk~vn

mhr# uwOm` kvRq? @k`wl`vl mhw~m` mQsk~s@s`bn

avt vQhQ@qn swOr# pvnQn~ @n`@sl~@vn q$ a`lyk~a#wQ

rtt @s~vy kQrW@m| pLpRr#qE @p`qE jny`t hQwa#wQ

@l`vt m`h#MQ vtQn @m@hyk~ sq`lW@mhQ bly nQwQa#wQ

swOt vW @qnR ob@g cn~qy m#wQ[E @k`wl`vlt gr#a#wQ

vsr 77 k~ ip#rFNQ @mm kvQ pn~wQ wvw~ qXk gNn`vk~ jn hqvw~ wOL pvwQnR a#w. eyt kqQm @w`~w#n~nkQ "qQvyQn" pRvw~p@w~ @q~Xp`ln@y~ @m@wk~ kw`v. ip#rFNQ @p`w~pw~vl rF[W k`vn~t @v|yn~t pmNk~ ur#m @n`vW awWw j`wQk s#mr#m| ekwO krn~nn~t @mm p#rFNQ @q~Xp`ln @w`rwOr# rs kv| pq mhMO vs~wOvk~ vn bv m@g~ h#MWmyQ.

ahRn~gl~@l~ :@q~.sR.q @s`yQs`

 

 

 

 
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