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vnkw` nmQn~ @p`w~ lQy#vWmt @h~wO vR krN` @b`@h`~y. evkt @mrt p#v#wQ @q~Xp`ln s~vx`vy mw p`lkyn~@gn~ vQq&`lAk`r pQrQ@vnt @mn~m xQk~;R sm`jyt q as`{`rNkm| sQqE @vn~nt vQy. "xQk~;R @q~Xp`lny" nmQn~ vQq&`lAk`ry vQsQn~ kL pYsQq~{ pYk`Xy @h~wO@vn~ p`lkyn~@g~ bst avnwv vQq&`lAk`ry smg sQtQ q`yk q`yQk`vn~ q vQq&`lAk`ryt @qn q`n` m`n`qQy pv` nvw` q#mWy. @mbqE ww~w~vykt mRhRN qWmt sQqEvn bv q#n sQtQ yk~kdR@v| m` hQQmQ@y`~ vQq&`lAk`r a{&k~;vry` @ls XQ;& xQk~;Rn~vhn~@s~l` a`rk~;` kQrWmt h` @p`~;Ny kQrWm wmn~t a#wQ vgkWm q#n kL h#kQ an~ ymk~ @n`vR w#n @p`w pw lQy` pLkr e~ k`r\yyt ur@qn~nt iqQrQpw~ vRh.

ehQ pYwQPl vR@y~ sQAhl s`hQw&yt nvmR a`rkQn~ yRwO k^wQ rFsk~ bQhQ vWmy. @k@s~ vRvq m`hQmQyn~ sQy vnkw` @p`wt rcn` kL ap`yt yn~nt o|n$nm| uBt...... yn kvQ pAwQy @h~wO@vn~ kQpRNR p`lk@y`~ @m| @p`w whnm| kLh. inRw~ @n`n#vwW @p`w @s`y @s`y` pRc|c` qmn~nt vRh.

bRqE smy h` @n`hQlQy h#kQ yqmkQn~ b#[ENR sQAhl sm`jyt prg#wQ cQn~wn@yn~ iqQmRNR evk p`lkyn~ @gn~ sQqEvR kOhkkm| hmR@v| nQhVv sQtWmt wrm| xQk~;Rn~ vhn~@s~ nQvt vR@y~ n#w. 1946 vn vQtw~ @mrt bQYw`n& ytw~ vQjQwykQ @m|. k`l@y~m in~qQy`v wOL mhw~m` g`n~{Q wOmn~@g~ @prmRNQn~ bQYw`n& ytw~ vQjQwyt e@rhQv @y`~{ v&`p`ryk~ a#rBW wQbQNQ. mRU x`rw @q~Xy pRr` ek`vn~v n#gW a` s~v@q~XQkyn~@g~ hVt kn~ @n`qW nQhV pYwQpw~wQyk sQtQn~nt bQYw`n& p`lk@y`~ asmw~vRh. e~ h` sm`nvm lAk`v wOL q n#gW sQtWmk~ a#wQ vWm vQ@X~;w~vyk~ vQy.

@m| k`ly vn vQt sQAhl kw` kQrWm @mn~m g#mQ jWvQw rt`vq phw @hL` s#lkWmk~ sQqE vQy. @b_q~{ xQk~;Rn~ vhn~@s~ "lAk`@v| pAcmy`" y#yQ h#[Qn~vRh. q`nyt pQrQwt, p`AXkSlyt mQs an~ v#qgw~ k`r\yykt un~vhn~@s~l` v#q~q` @n`gw~h. @b_q~{ xQk~;Rv @mkl s#lkO@N~ sAs~k^wQk n;~t`v@X~;yk~ vX@ynQ. r@tQ @p`qE jnw`v q pw~ vR@y~ @m| h` sm`n irNmkty. a`r\}Qk vX@yn~ phw v#tW sQtQ ovRhR klQsm| @k`~tQ a[Qn blvwOn~t "h`mRqEr#v@n~...." kQy` v#[ v#@tn ww~w~vykt pw~v sQtQyh. pw~@k`t wQbR @m| asrN ww~w~vy hmR@v| wvqErtw~ asrN vWmt vQq&`lAk`r xQk~;Rv sRq`nm| vR@y~ n#wQv @mn~m aq xQk~;R sm`j@y~ a#w#m| xQk~;Rn~ @mn~ @q~Xp`ln vn~qQbtQtkmQn~ wm asrNkm vs` gn~nt uw~s`h k@L~ q n#w.

@q~Xp`lny g#n yk~kdR@v| m`hQmQyn~ wOL vQ@X~; q#nWmk~ @h`~ unn~qEvk~ vR@y~ n#w. e@hw~ mhjn @s~vy lk~qQv sAGy`t ayw~ p`rm|prQk sm|pYq`yyk~ bv un~vhn~@s~@g~ pQLQg#nWm vQy. e@hyQn~ un~vhn~@s~ @mm v&`p`ryt sm|pRr\N sh@y`~gy qEn~h. r@tQ p#v#wQ mw@x~q blvw~ vR awr "xQk~;R @q~Xp`ln@y~ pYX~ny pQLQb[v vQq&`lAk`r pQrQ@v@n~ wWrNy pYk`Xyt pw~ kL yRwO y#yQ vgkQv yRwO @b`@h`~ @q@nk~ il~l` sQtQyh. e@hyQn~ xQk~;R jWvQwyt k#llk~ @n`vn prQq~@qn~ a@p~ rtv#sQy`@g~ yhpwt @h~wOvn ym| v#dpQLQ@vLk~ @v| nm| ehQ wm @q~Xp`lny @h`~ @v|v` kOmk~ @h`~ @v|v` ehQ @yqWm xQk~;Rvt sRqEsRmy" yn pYk`Xy prQ@v|n`{QpwQ kQrQvw~wOdR@v| pYZ`s`r n`yk s~}vWryn~ vhn~@s~ a#wOU a`c`r\y mN~dl@y~ e~kc|Cn~q@yn~ sm|mw @k`t 1946 @pbrv`rQ 13 v#nQq` nQkOw~ @krQNQ. @m| @ewQh`sQk pYk`Xyq lQy#vR@N~ yk~kdR@v| m`hQmQyn~ awQnQ. 1946 m`r\wO ms 23 v#nQq` vQq&`lAk`r sx`@v| vQ{`yk mN~dl@y~qW pYk`Xyt pw~ vRNR vQq&`lAk`r pYwQpw~wQ pYk`Xn@yn~ q @m| xQk~;R @q~Xp`ln@y~ armRN pQLQb[ p#h#qQlQ kQrWmk~ kr a#w. ehQ @m@s~ s[hn~y.

s`m`n& mhjny`t kn~t n#wQv a[Qn~t n#wQ in~t w#n~ n#wQv @ldt qEkt @b|w~ @h~w~ s`w~wO sp~p`ym| n#wQv @k`tQn~m wmn~t o|n$ ep`km| i;~t kr gn~n kYmyk~ n#wQv qEk @s~ jWvw~ @vwQ. e~ nQs`m @n`@yk~ qr#NR apr`{ kQrW@mn~ pv` jWvw~ vWmt kYm @s`ywQ. bRq~{ {r\my @mwrm| @h`[Qn~ pvw~n` rtk @m| wrm| apr`{ v#dQ vWmt @h~wOv kOmk~q ?

@m| kng`tRq`yk ww~w~vy n#wQkrn wOr# @m| r@tQ apr`{ n#wQkL @n`h#kQy. nRgw~ qEp~pw~ mhjny` @m| vQpw~wQ@yn~ mRqv` g#nWmt k`r#NQk xQk~;Rn~ vhn~@s~l` iqQrQpw~ vWm nRsRqEsRnm| aq xQk~;R jWvQwy gw krn~@n~ kOmn bl`@p`@r`w~wOvkQn~q#yQ a#w~w vX@yn~m apt @n`v#t@hyQ. mhjny`@g~ pr@l`v qQyRNRvt pmNk~ @n`v @m@l`v qQyRNRvtw~ kYQy` kQrWm {r\myt, vQnyt, X`s~wYyt, mhnkmt sm|pRr\N@yn~ ekM bv a@p~ avAk vQX~v`syyQ.

@m| a`k`r@yn~ xQk~;R @q~Xp`lny armRN vR@y~ {r\m r`j&yk~ @g`dn#gWm @h`~ r@tQ sQyl~ln~ @b_q~{yn~ kQrWm v#nQ pY`@y`~gQk @n`vn k`rN` mRl~kr@gn @n`vn bv p#h#qQlQy. @q~Xp`ln pmNk~ @n`v pYblyn~ @ls h[En~vn @q~Xp`lkyn~q s@w~kt m`yQm| @n`kL yk~kdR@v| m` hQmQ@y`~ @m| pYX~n@y~qW nQhVv vRvq pYblm vR v#d @k`tskt ur@qn~@n~ e~ ww~w~vy av@b`~{ @k`t@gny. e~ bv @m| sQqEvW@mn~ mn`v p#h#qQlQ krgw h#k. xQk~;R @q~Xp`lny pYX~ny pYblv n#gW sQtWmw~ smg p`lk pAwQy mhw~ @k`~pyt pw~v sQtQ@y~y. vrk~ pYblm @q~Xp`ln n`ykykO pvs` sQtQ@y~ vQq&`lAk`r xSmQ@y~ @g`dn#gQlQ bQmt smwl` @k`t u[E vpRrn bvyQ. ww~w~vy @m@s~ uw~sn~n vw~m ekl vQq&`lAk`r sx`@v| sx`pwQv sQtQ nQkls~ a`tQgl mhw` @m| @x~qy sAs[vWmt eq` lk~qQv mhw~ blsm|pn~nv sQtQ jnpY{`nQykOw~ sx`@v| k`rk mN~dlyw~ k#[v` vQq&`lAk`r a`c`r\y mN~dlyw~ smg s`kc|C` kQrWmt s#l#s~vWy. @m| s`kc|C`v svs 7.00 sQt rH 12 vnwOr#w~ p#v#wONQ. ihw kW jnpY{`nQy` Xk~wQmw~ @b_q~{ykO @mn~, q`ykykO @mn~, ythw~ phw~v b#g$pw~ @ls y`Z` krn lWl`@vn~ k}`v ptn~ gw~@w~y. e~ uw~s`hy s`r\}k @n`vR w#n jnpY{`nQykO@g~ vQl`s@yn~ a`nRx`sm|pn~nv, hrbr a#wQv @m| @q~Xp`ln aqhs~vl h` v#dpQLQ@v@L~ a`qWnv eyQn~ a#wQvQy h#kQ vQpw vQs~wr k@L~y. eyQnRw~ v#dk~ @n`vR w#n vQq&`lAk`r sx`@v| v&vs~}`v s`k~kO@vn~ eLQyt @gn wr\jn`w~mkv nWwQyt anRv wr\k k@L~y. e~ sQyl~lt yk~kdR@v| hQmQ@y`~ sn~sRn~v pQLQwOr# qEn~h. avs`n@y~ aq`L jnpY{`nQy` @m@s~ kWy.

"@m| v&`p`@r ptn~ arA wQ@yn~@n~ a@p~ vrQ@g n#wQ krn~nyQ. mA @k`@h`m hrQ e~k rFk gn~nv`. mt kng`tR @m| v&`p`r@yn~ bRq~{ X`s@nw~ vQq&`lAk`r pQrQ@vnw~ n#wQ @vn ekyQ. yk~kdR@v| m` hQmQ@y`~ pRtR@vn~ n#gW sQtQyh. X`l`@vn~ pQtwt @g`s~ kt pQrW wQbRNR bRlw~ @kL eLQyt gs` a`psR p#mQN sn~sRn~v v`dQgw~h.

"a$ m#wQwOm` iwQA oy vrQ@g m#wQwOm` rFkgn~nv` @n`v#, mh n`yk h`mRqEr#vr# bRq~{ X`s@n~ rFk gnWvQ. vQq&`lAk`r pQrQ@vn apQ rFkgn~nm| ew@k`t @m| v&`p`@rn~ k`tvw~ vrqk~ @vn~@n~ n$ @n`v# y#yQ kWy.

yk~kdR@v| m` hQmQ@y`~ eq` e~ jnpY{`nQy`@g~ blvw~km m`yQm| @n`kr wm s^jR bv rFk @n`gw~@w~nm| vQq&`lAk`ryw~ xQk~;Rn~ vhn~@s~w~ {nyt blyt ytw~ vWmt id wQbQNQ.

xQk~;R @q~Xp`ln klbly ht gn~@n~ e~ vnvQt r@tQ p#v#wQ apYs`qjnk ww~w~vy g#n ugw~ xQk~;Rn~ vhn~@s~l` nQs` a#wQvQy h#kQ @p`qE mwy pQLQb[ klblyt pw~ evkt sx` n`ykv sQtQ dW. es~. @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ pYk`Xyk~ @h~wO@vnQ. 1946 @pbrv`rQ 17 v#nQq` @d|lQnQv|s~ pwYy em pRvw v`r\w` k@L~ "am`w&vry` xQk~;Rn~t avv`q kQrWm g#n hQsQnQ. e~ pQLQb[ vl~@p`l r`hRl hQmQyn~ kL vQ@v|cnyt pYwQ vQ@v|cnyk~ q shQw jnv`rQ 28 v#nQq` qQnmQN pwY@y~ pLvR lQpQyk~ smg {npwQ pRvw~pw~vlQn~ qQgt hrht vQq&`lAk`ryt phr @qn~nt vQy. e~ g#n yk~kdR@v| m` hQmQ@y`~ v@rk @m@s~ sthn~ w#bRh.

ew#n~ ptn~ aq qk~v` qQnmQN, sQUmQN, sQAhl @b_q~{y`, a`qW pwYvlQn~ pr@l`v gQy`vRw~, jWvw~v sQtQn~n`vRw~, nRpn~n`vRw~ gQhQ p#vQqQ pQn~vwOn~ @gn~ sw& vRw~, asw& vRw~, XQ;~t vRw~, aXQ;~t vRw~, lQyRm| pYk`X, a`Z` @y`~jn` sh v`r\w` a`qQy pL krmQn~ vQq&`lAk`r pQrQ@vntw~ xQk~;R sm|@m|lnytw~, wr#N xQk~;Rn~tw~ vQr#q~{v brpwl an~q@m| axSw @c`~qn` ngmQn~ @n`@yk~ asw& mw pYc`ry kr@gn ynR l#@b|. @m| kQQsQqE phr qWmkt pY@k`~pv pQLQwOr# @qn~nt @n`gQy m` hQmQ@y`~ e~ s[h` avQy@k`tgw~@w~ p$n~ wOdy. vnkw` nmQn~ gq& h` pq& ekt b#[Q srl sRgm nQr\m`N k`r\yykQn~ qnn~ mn p#h#qR m`hQmQ@y`~ e~ vn@p`w a@lvQ@yn~ lw~ mRqlQn~ vQq&`lAk`ry @p`~;Ny kQrW@m| x`r{Rr vgkWmt mRhRN qEn~h.

nQ@r`~;n~ h#[l@g~

 
 
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