"@q~Xp`ln@y~ a#qEr# mh#qEr# vw" lQpQy
mWt @pr pLvR awr @mw#n~ ptn~ ekW
@q~Xp`lnZyn~ pQLQb[v pQLQ@vlQn~ swQpw` pL@v|.


@q~Xp`ln@y~ a#qEr# mh#qEr# vw :

a`c`r\y nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n

k$gl~@l~ bRq~@qnQ@p`L vlv|@v|qW 1924 jRnQ 14 qQn upw lw~ nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n jnw`v awr vd`w~ pYclQw vR@y~ XYW qLq` m`LQg`@v| qQyvdn nQl@m| pqvQ@ynQ.

1977 mh` m#wQvrN@yn~ e.j`.p. nQ@y`~jny kL q#qQgm m#wQvrN @k`tQT`s@yn~ jygYhNy kL nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n, @j~. a`r\. jyvr\{n rj@y~ a{&`pn a#m#wQ {Rryt pw~vR@N~y. psRv a{QkrN a#m#wQ {Rryt pw~vR nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n mhw` 1988 qW sQr@gqr wOLqW G`wnyt lk~vR kOtQtQmnW@g~ a`n~@q`~ln`w~mk sQq~{Q@y~ vgkWm x`r@gn a{QkrN a#m#wQ {Rr@yn~ il~l` as~vR@y~ sQy prm`qr\XW crQw lk~;N vQqh` qk~vmQnQ. 1989 vs@r\ p`r\lQ@m|n~wOv vQsRr#vn kl a`c`r\y nQX~XAk vQjyvr\{n q s`m`n& mQnQ@skQ.

XYW lAk` prQp`ln @s~v@y~ kWr\wQmw~ nQl{`rQykO h#tQyt 1957 qW nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n mhw` anRr`{pRr mh` qQs`pwQ pqvQyt pw~vR@y~y. ohR anRr`{pRr ngr@y~ sArk~;N ktyRwO g#n @b@hvQn~ vgkW@mn~ sQy @s~v` ktyRwO k@L~y. qQs`pwQ nQl bl@yn~m anRr`{pRr sArk~;N mN~dl@y~ sx`pwQ q vQy.

anRr`{pRr prQp`ln ngry p#vwQ@y~ r#vn~m#lQs$y, XYW mh` @b`~{Qy ayw~ pY@q~X@y~ y. an& a`gmQk s~}`nyk~, pYsQq~{ bs~ n#vwOm|@p`L sh kn&`r`myk~ q smWp@y~ pQhQt` wQbQNQ. XYW mh` @b`~{Qy asl wQbRNR gl~ pl~lQy ivw~ @n`kr @b_q~{ pRj` ngryw~ @g`dn#MWm qE;~kr vR sAkWr\N g#tlEvk~ vQy.

evkt agm#wQ bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ s~}`@n`~cQw up~prv#tQtQyk~ mw gl~ pl~lQy kd` bQ[ ivw~ @krQNQ.

1958 vs@r\qW uwO@r\ j`wQ @x~q @k`~l`hl p#v#wQ av{Q@y~ nQX~XAk vQ@j~rw~n mhw` y`p@n~ qQs`pwQ h#tQyt pw~ @krQNQ. yLQw~ a`psR p#mQN anRr`{pRr qQs`pwQ pqvQy @hbvR e~ mhw` 1962 qW @k`LBt p#mQN vQvQ{ wnwOr# q#rWy. 1965 qW gOvn~ vQqElQ @s~v@y~ a{&k~; jnr`l~ {Rry q#rWy. 1965 qW sQqEvR klb#g$nQykQn~ psR s~v@q~X ktyRwO x`r am`w&`AX@y~ awQ@r\k @l~km| {Rryt pw~vQy.

1969 qW v#dbln pYv`hn @l~km| {Rryt pw~vR nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n mhw` 1970 qW sAs~k^wQk am`w&`AX@y~ @l~km| {Rryt agm#wQnQ sQrQm`@v`~ bN~d`rn`yk m#wQnQy vQsQn~ pw~krn lqW. 1975 qW @s~v@yn~ vQXY`m gQy vQjyrw~n mhw` a`yRr\@v|q sAs~}`@v| sx`pwQ {Rryt pw~vR@y~y. psRv nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n mhw` XYW qLq` m`LQg`@v| qQyvdn nQl@m| wnwOrt pw~vQy. e~ 1985 qWy. alQk`ryn~t, ksk`ryn~t, pn~qm| eLQk`ryn~t nQw& a#[Emk~ nQym vR@y~ e~ mhw`@g~ p`ln k`l@y~qWy.

klk~ pYAX@y~ lAk` w`n`pwQ {Rryq @hbvR a`c`r\y nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n mhw` srl jWvQwyk~ gw k@L~y. s`m`n&@yn~ sQvQl~ @s~v` nQl{`rWn~ wmn~@g~ qr#vn~ @k`LB uss~ vQqEhlkQn~ psR v#dQqEr i@gnWm s[h` yvn~@n~ eAgln~wy, a#mrQk`v, os~@tQYlQy`v b[E rtkt y. nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n mhw` wm`@g~ pRw~ @nrAjn~ vQjyrw~n mhw` @k`LB r`jkWy vQq&`l@yn~ psR uss~ i@gnWm s[h` yv` a#w~@w~ sQy upn~ advQy vR k$gl~@l~ v$vl@qNQ@y~ pQrQ@vnty.

g@m| h#qENR v#dRNR gmt a`qry kL g@m| sAs~k^wQyt mn`@s~ a#Um| kL a`c`r\y nQX~XAk vQjyrw~n mhw` jWvQw@y~ @s`[Er# s#[$ smy @gv` 2007 vs@r\qW nQk~m gQ@y~ s#b$ a`c`r\yvrykO@g~ gwQ lk~;N vQqh` qk~vmQnQ.

a`c`r\y srw~ amRNRgm

a`c`r\y srw~ amRNRgm mhw` vQvQ{ @k;~wYyn~ os~@s~ iwQrW p#wQrW gQy bRq~{Q pYx`v@yn~ yRw~ @q~Xp`ln@v|qQ@ykQ. ohR vw~mn~ rj@y~ a`@y`~jn pYvr\{n sh v&vs`y sAvr\{n am`w& {Rry @h`bvyQ.

kn~q udrt amRNRgm qW jn~m q`y`qy lw~ srw~ amRNRgm mhw` mhnRvr wYQw~v vQqEh@l~ a`qQ XQ;&@ykQ. 1957 qW @p~r`@qNQy vQX~vvQq&`lyt pQvQs sm`j vQq&`v pQLQb[ @g_rv up`{Qyk~ hQmQ kr gw~ amRNRgm mhw` k#nd`@v| @rjQn`, pYAX@y~ p#rQs~, a#mrQk`@v| vQX~vvQq&`l@yn~ v#dQqEr sQp~ swr hq`r` sm`j vQq&`v pQLQb[ a`c`r\y up`{Q@yn~ pQqEm| lq~@q~y.

XYW lAk` prQp`ln @s~v`@v| awQ qk~;w` nQl{`rQykO vR srw~ amRNRgm kUwr : rw~npRry : @m`Nr`gl : g`l~l : mhnRvr : m`w@l~ qQs~wYQk~kyn~hQ qQs`pwQ {Rry @h`bvmQn~ @p`qE jnw`v awr awQ mhw~ kWr\wQyk~ hQmQ kr @gn a#w.

klk~ pYv^w~wQ a{&k; {Rry @hbvWy. jnm`{& am`w&`AX@y~ @l~km| {Rry q#rWy. em vkv`nRv wOLqW pYv^w~wQ @qp`r\w@m|n~wO@vn~ @qswQy pRvw~ sMr`v a`rm|x krn lq~@q~ a`c`r\y srw~ amRNRgm mhw`@g~ sAkl~pyk~ wOLQnQ.

jn`{QpwQ dW. bW. vQ@:wOAg yRg@y~qW sWs ek~sw~ pYv^w~wQ pwY sm`g@m| sx`pwQ {Rry q @hbvWy. j`wQk @q~Xp`ln wlyt pQvQsQ srw~ amRNRgm mhnRvr qQs~wYQk~ky nQ@y`~jny krmQn~ pRUl~ jn @m@hvrkt q`ykw~vy q#k~vWy.

@p~r`@qNQy vQX~vvQq&`l@y~qW "nQsq#s~" sMr`v nQr\m`Ny krmQn~ s`hQw&y @k;wYyt pQvQsQ a`c`r\y srw~ amRNRgm mhw` 1963 qW "hq wOL a`s`" k`v& sAgYhy mRqYN@yn~ pL k@L~y. @d|lQnQv|s~ pRvw~pwQn~ kl` vQc`rk vX@yn~ s`hQw& sh sQnm`v aLl` vQ@X~;`Ag rFsk~ pYbRq~{ jn mnst @y`mR k@L~y. sAs~k^wQy sm`jy h` prQsry (1977) an~wQm stn (2002) mn@m| mwk~ vW (2003) @p`w~ lQyR ohR bRq~{Qmw~ p`Tk jnw`v awr jn pYs`qy hQmQ kr gw~@w~y. srw~ amRNRgm mhw` lQyR @n`nQmQ vQp~lvy psRgQyq` pL @krQNQ. vQvQ{ pRvw~pw~hQ s`r gr\x lQpQ @mn~m wWr# lQpQ pL kQrW@m nQyRk~wv sQtQn a`c`r\y srw~ amRNRgm mhw` sQy avQ@v|kW jWvQw@y~ lq m[ vQr`my q#nRvw~ sm`jyk~ @g`d ngn~nt a#p k#pv sQQtQn qEr\lx gN@y~ bRq~{Qm@wkO @ls h#[Qn~vWm vd`w~ sRqEsRy. e@mn~m srw~ amRNRgm mhw` vQX~vvQq&`l sm@y~ qk~; jnpYQy @v|qQk` nU@vkQ.

1994 mh` m#wQvrN@yn~ ej`p nQ@y`~jny krmQn~ mhnRvr qQs~wYQk~k@y~ mhjn mn~wYWvr@ykO vX@yn~ srw~ amRNRgm mhw` j`wQk @q~Xp`lnyt pQvQsQ@y~y. 1999 p#v#wQ jn`{QpwQvrN sm@y~ ej`p@yn~ @p`qE jn ek~sw~ @prmRNt p#mQNQ mn~wYW kN~d`ymw~ smg ek~vR srw~ amRNRgm mhw` nv @q~Xp`ln gmnkt avwWr\N vQy. 2000 p#v#wQ mh m#wQvrN@yn~ yLQw~ pw~vR srw~ amRNRgm mhw` @p`.e.@p. k#bQntQ mN~dl@y~ mRql~ h` kYm sm|p`qn am`w& {Rryq in~psR r`j& prQp`ln sh s~v@q~X ktyRwO am`w& {Rry q @hbvWy.

jn`{QpwQ mhQn~q r`jpk~; mhw` 2007 jnv`rQ 28 qQn sQqE kL nv am`w& mN~dl sA@X`~{n@y~qW a`c`r\y srw~ amRNRgm mhw` a`@y`~jn pYvr\{n sh v&vs`y sAvr\{n am`w& {Rryt pw~ @krQNQ.

bn~{Rl a`r\. gOlvw~w

 

 

 
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         sWm`shQw up`lQ pRvw~pw~ sm`gm
            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v