sAs~krNy : n`rq nQX~XAk

ivsWm n#w~nm| kl` @l`~k@y~ w#nk~ n#h#
a#n~tn~ @gYgrQ awWwy sQhQkrmQn~ kQyn kw`vk~


@gYgrQ, nWl~ r$psQAh sh k`n~cn`
@mn~dQs~nv hwr @qn`m sRr@y`~
qr\Xn wl@y~qW.


tyQts~ @w`tvw~w@g~ "h`r lk~;y" r$ gw krq~qW @s~n`{Wr r$psQAht up@qsk~ @qmQn~.


"sAKp`lQ" r$p
r`mRvk g`mQNW


@gYgrQ a{&k~;Ny kL p`rmQw`hQ rvQn~qY, vQjy h` XQYy`nQ amr@s~n.

uwOvn~ k[E gQrQ mRqE@n~
sQAh@l~ hQr# v#@sn p#@y~
kQr#lk~ n#wQ kOm`r@yk~
rjkm| @kr#v`
e~ rj qh@n~
n#h# ml~ pQpR@N~
cQwYpty : sRr srqQ@yl~

ohR XYW l`A@k~y sQnm`@v| asm sm v`r\w` kQhQpyk~m w#bR apRr\v mQnQ@skQ. a@p~ sQnm`@v| avRr#qE 44 k @s~v` k`ly wOL cQwYpt 45 k~ sh`y a{&k~;Ny kr v`r\w`vk~ w#bR a#n~tn~ @gYgrQ nm| vR ohR cQwYpt phk a{&k~;vry` q @vyQ. yLQ pQpRNR mlk~, sAKp`lQ, kQrQ sRv[, p`rmQw`, sRr srqQ@yl~, yn sQnm` k^wQ ohR a{&k~;Ny k@L~y. uwOvn~kn~@q~ jWvw~ vR srqQ@yl~ jWvQwy p`qk kr gw~ sRr srqQ@yl~ @mrt pLmR @@vvr\N pRUl~ wQr cQwYptyyQ.

em|. ms~w`n~ a{&k~;Ny kL sQnm`s~ sm`gm nQpqvR awQXyQn~m jnpYQy vR al~lpR@gqr cQwYpt@y~ pY{`n sh`y a{&k~;Ny sQqE kL @gYgrQ @qvQynQ ob @k`hQq? hQwvwQy, sRr\y` (LMqW wQrgwvWmt nQymQwy) cQwYptvl sm a{&k~;vry` q @v|. nWl~ r$psQAh a{&k~;Ny kL srqQ@yl~@g~ pRw` cQwYpt@y~ @qv#nQ kN~d`y@m| a{&k~;Nyq wvw~ cQwYpt kQhQpyk k`r\mQk a{&k~;Ny h` sAs~krNy q ls~sn @kl~l srqQ@yl~@g~ pRw`, yLQ pQpRN mlk~ h` p`rmQw` yn cQwYptvl wQr rcky` vn~@n~ q a#n~tn~ @gYgrQy.

1987 (k@w`~lQk sQnm` pr\;qy) o|. sW. ayQ. sW sm|m`ny, 2006 kl`xS;N sm|m`ny 2007 : mWgmRv pRrpwQ nQml~ l`n~s` sm|m`nyq hQmQ kr gnQmQn~ @g_rvyt p`wY vR @gYgrQ a{&k~;Nyt q`yk vR sQnm` k^wQ r`XQyk rMp$ nU nQLQyn~ h` k`r\mQk XQl~pWn~ srsvQy, jn`{QpwQ, h` o|. sW. ayQ. dW. sm|m`n q hQmQkr gw~h.

sQv`jQ g@n~;n~ h` m`lQnQ @f`n~@s~k` rMp$ pyQltQ @pY~m|n`w~ sh @jy XAkr\, r`{Qk`, n`@g~;~, gWw` kOm`rsQAh h` a@n`~j` rMp$ @mrt nQ;~p`qny vR rn~nwQn~ rw~w@m| yn cQwYptvl sh`y a{&k~;vry` @lsq a#n~tn~ @s~vy kr wQ@b|.

g`mQNQ @f`n~@s~k` h` m`lQnQ @f`n~@s~k` rMp$ v#dQm cQwYpt pYm`Nyk @s~vy kL sQnm` k`r\mQk XQl~pQy` vR @gYgrQ wmn~ sm|bn~{ vR cQwYpt 41 kt ec|. a`r\. @j`~wQp`lyn~ g`yn@yn~ ek~vR bv pvsn~@n~ imhw~ @s`m|nskQnQ. e@mn~m sQnm` sk~vQwQ g`mQNW a{&k~;Ny kL @n`mQ@yn mQnQs~sR cQwYpt@y~ sh`y a{&k~;vry` vR @gYgrQ em cQwYpt@y~ vw~mn~ jn`{QpwQ mhQn~q r`jpk~; bQY@g~dQyr\ crQwy rMp$m g#n q swOtQn~ sQhQpw~ kryQ.

pRAcQ @r`~my nmQn~ pYkt mWgmR pRrvr@y~ upw lb` mWgmRv v#l~lvWqQ@y~ @r`~m`nR k@w`~lQk vQqEh@ln~ sh mWgmRv @prQymRl~l @l`@yl` vQqEh@ln~ a{&`pny h#q#r$ @gYgrQ wm 44 vsrk sQnm` qQvQ s#mr#m arby` ap smg p#v#w~vR @ktQ sAv`q sthnkQn~ s#ksRNR lQpQykQ @m|.

o@b| sQnm`@v| sm|pY`p~wQy g#n sQhQpw~ k@L`w~...

mm p`sl~ yn vy@s~ sQtm cQwYpt m`{&yt vQ@X~; a#l~mk~ q#k~vRv`. p`s@l~ pn~wQ pv` ktQ kr cQwYpt r$gw kQrWm| bln~n y$m ekl m@g~ pRr#q~qk~. @m| k`@l~qQ {Wvr@y`~ cQwYpt@y~m sn~{&` kOm`rQ rMp$ swOt. @s`~@k~ jy pr`jy aptmyQ @m| @l`~k@y~ gWw jvnQk`v mWgmRv qR@v| r$pgw vRN`. evQt mm p`s@l~ @j&;~T vQx`gyt sRq`nm| @vmQn~ sQtQy`. em cQwYpty a{&k~;Ny k@L~ em|. ms~w`n~ mhw~my`. e~ k`@l~ @vn @k`tw~ sQAhl, @qmL sh iAgYWsQ x`;` q#nRm mt wQbRN`. em r$pgw kQrWm| nrBmQn~ mm uw~s`h kL`. ms~w`n~ mhw~wy` hmRvn~n, e~w~ psRk@lk m@g~m mQwYykO vR a@yk~ m@gn~ a#sRv` a#yQ? vRvmn`v kQyl`. m@g~ cQwYpt kl`v g#n wQ@bn a`X`v g#n ewOm`t kQv|v`. @k`@h`m hrQ mm ms~w`n~ mhw~wy` hmRvn~n unn~qE vn bv @w~r#m| gw~ ms~w`n~ mhw~my` mt kw` kL`.

m@g~ bl`@p`@r`w~wOv g#nw~ x`;` q#nRm g#nw~ mm kQv|v`. hQyR@g`~ pYn`n~qE mhw~wy`t m`v @pn~vl` m` g#n @s`yl` bln~n lQpQnyw~ lQy` gn~n kQyl` up@qs~ qEn~n`. m`s 3 k ps~@s~ hQyR@g`~ m`s~tr\ m`v @h`y`@gn a@p~ @gqrt a`v`. mt nQm| hQm| n#wQ swOtk~ a#wQ vRN`. vQjy cQwY`g`ryt vQw~ ms~w`n~ hmRvWmt qn~v` wQbRN`. @k~. gONrw~nm| mhw`t m`v @pn~vl` m@g h#kQy`vn~ g#n p#vsRv`. e~ anRv mt p#vr#N mRl~m k`r\yy wmyQ (1964 jRnQ 4 @vnQq`) kNQ;~t prQvr\wkykO @ls pw~vWm. m`sQkv r#pQyl~ 112 Xw 80 k v#tRpk~ mt l#bRN`. e~ anRv al~lpR @gqr cQwYptyt p`qk vR "adRw~w pWtQtR @pn~" qYvQd cQwYptyw~ "pr\snl~ a#sQs~tn~" nm#wQ @wlQMO cQwYptyw~ mt sAss~krN m#qQrQyk nrB` em pQtpw lQyn~n x`r vRN`. mm em k`r\yy m#nvQn~ sQqE kL`m an~wQ@m| em cQwYptyt sh`y a{&k~;Nytw~ sm|bn~{ vW@m| v`sn`v mt l#bRN`.

nvkykO @ls e@ls sQnm`vt ek~vW@m|qW aq a#w#mRn~t @mn~ b`{`vlt mRhRN p`n~nt obt sQqEvRN` q?.

ov|. smhr ay m`v @hL`q#k m`v a@@{r\y krn~n @n`@ykOw~ @q~vl~ kL`. mm m@g~ gOr#vry` vR ms~w`n~ mhw` hmRvW kWv` @m| k~@;~wY@y~ in~n mt hQw @qn~@n~ n#h#. mm ayQn~ @vnv` kQy`. ewOm` m`v @@{r\ymw~ kL`. ewOm`@g~ qQrQ g#n~vWm aq kl` k~@;~wYyt en k`tw~ pRr\v`qr\Xyk~. pQnk~ n#w~nm| e~ @l`~@k~ w#nk~ n#h#. sl~lQ n#w~nm| @m| @l`~@k~ w#nk~ n#h#. ivsWm n#w~nm| kl` @l`~k@y~ w#nk~ n#h#. ohR kWv`. ohR kW @q~ anRv h#m @qytm ivsW@mn~ mRhRN qEn~ nQs` aq @m| gmn mm a`v`.

o@b| sQnm` jWvQw@y~qW @s~vy kL a{&k~;vr# h` nU nQLQyn~ g#n p#vsR@v`w~...

g`mQNW h` m`lnW @p`n~@s~k` smM v#dQm cQwYpt sAK&`vk @s~vy kL k`r\mQky` mmyQ. g`mQNW smM cQwYpt 23 kOw~, m`lnW smM cQwYpt 19 kOw~, @j`~ smM cQwYpt 14 kOw~, vQjy kOm`rwOAg smM cQwYpt 14 kOw~, hQyR@g`~ pYn`n~qE (m`s~tr\) smg cQwYpt 14 kOw~, @t`~nQ smM cQwYpt 11 kOw~, rvWn~qY rn~@qnQy smM cQwYpt 9 kOw~ mm v#d kL`. ms~w`n~ @g~ sQt g`mQNW, @lnQn~ @m`r`ys~, nWl~ r$psQAh, tyQts~ @w`tvw~w, @j~. @sl~vrw~nm| qy` vQmlvWr, @k~. @vn~ktQ, wQmwQ vWrrw~n, qy` vQmlvWr, nQh`l~ e~ jysQAh, @j`~ @q~v| a`nn~q, sQrQl~ pW. a@b|rw~n, e~. sW. wr#@l`~gdn~qr\ (in~qWy) a`rQyq`s pWrQs~ ("mn~q`rm| v#hQ" : vQjy@g~ ax`vy nQs` awrmg n#vwQNQ).

g`mQNW h` vQjy g#n m$wkqW ob aqhs~ pLkr wQbRN`. e~ a#yQ?

mm e~ @q@qn`t @b@hvQn~ gr# krnv`. g`mQNW "sRr @c_ry`" cQwYpty krq~qW m@g~ smr# @p`@w~ sthnk~ w#bRv` ob kvq` @h`~ qk~; sQnm`kr#@vk~ @vnv` kQyl`. e~ sthn mt swOtk~, g`mQNW h` vQjy pYwQpw~wQgr#k pRq~gl@y`~, axWwv wmn~@g~ mw pYk`X kL`. g`mQNW rAgn v^w~wQy wOL axQm`nvw~ @ls jWvw~ vRN`. nU nQLQ k`r\m|k ayQwWn~ a`rk~;` kr @qn~n eq` stn~ kL`. vQjyw~ eb[Em uwOm| mQnQ@sk~ j`wQk smgQy g#n vRv em @q@qn`m q#r#@v| @g_r`n~vQw mwv`q.

ob shy a{&k~;Ny kL nWl~ r$psQAh a{&k~;Ny kL hwr @qn`m sRr@y`~ mRl~ cQwYpty h` psR nv v`r\w` cQwYptytw~ sh`y a{&k~; @ls ek~vRN`q?

ov|, ey v`r\w`vk~ @vn~n#wQ, nWl~ r$psQAh ynR apt iw` phsR@vn~ @s~vy kL h#kQ sQnm`@v| prQp`lny g#n mn` q#nRmk~ wQ@bn qk~; mhw~m@yk~. sQnm`kr#@vk~. ewOm`@g~ srqQ@yl~@g~ pRw` h` ls~sn @kl~l cQwYptvltw~ mm eq` ek~vRN`. nWl~ eq` prpRr h[En` gw~w` v@g~m nv prpRr smgw~ qk~; @ls ktyRwO kL h#kQ a{&k~;vr@yk~.

a`q`ym| v`r\w` w#bR cQwYpt rFsk~ bQhQ kL @lnQn~ @m`r`ys~@g~ cQwYpt rFskm ob sh`y a{&k~;vry` vRN`. em awWwy sQhQpw~ k@L`w~.

@lnQn~ @m`r`ys~ ynR a@p~ sQnm`@v| h#m aAXym mn` q#nRmk~ wQbR qk~; sQnm`kr#@vk~. ohR swOv sQnm`@v| k`r\mQk Z`ny pQLQb[ pRUl~ q#nRmk~ wQbRN`. qr\Xn wl@y~qW iw` k`r\yXSrv wm k`r\y x`ry itR kL`. ohR yt@w~ @b`@h`~ @q~ apt i@gn gn~nw~ l#bRN`.

eq` sQnm`@v| s~vr\Nmy yRgy wOL kr\m`n~w@y~ @yqW sQtQ aykO @ls aq sQnm`v h` @pY~k~;ky` awr qErs~} bvk~ qkQnvq?

pY{`n vX@yn~ aq cQwYpt X`l` pvw~v`@gn yn~@nw~ g#tlE r`XQyk~ m#q. a@p~ jnw`vt cQwYpt b#lWmt vd` eq` @v|l @s`y` gn~n jWvn arglyk~ krn~n @vl`. a`r\}Qk pYX~n nQs` cQwYptyk~ bln~n wrm| mRqlk~ v#y krn~n asWr#, ww~w~vyk~ n#wQ jnw`v in~nv`. @m|k wmyQ aq brpwlm @h~wOv. vQqElQ bl h` @ssR ndw~wO vQyqm| v#dQvWm nQs` sQnm` X`l` hQmQyn~nRw~ cQwYpt nQ;~p`qkynRw~ aq qE;~krw`vlt mRhRN qWl`. @m| g#tlE g#n r`j& mtQtmQn~ shn`q`yW kYm@v|qyn~ a#wQ kQrWm sQnm` kr\m`n~wytm lb` @qn Xk~wQyk~.

cQwYpt sAs~}`@vn~ aq sQnm`vt l#@bn sh`y @kb[Eq?

jyn~w {r\mq`s mhw` sx`pwQ vX@yn~ ktyRwO kQrWm aq a@p~ sQnm`vt l#bRRNR @l`kOm Xk~wQyyQ. ewOm` kl`kr#vn~ g#n qk~vn a`qry @g_rvy g#n ap agy kL yRwOyQ. ewOm` jn`{QpwQwOm` vQsQn~ sAs~}`vt yLQ pw~ kQrWm nQs` kl`kr#vn~t vQX`l @@{r\yyk~ l#bW wQ@bnv`. apQ sQylE @qn`m ewOm`t sh`y qEn~@n`w~ hRMk~ @q~vl~ kL h#kQyQ. e~ v@g~m {r\mq`s mhw~my` sQ@ns~tr\ pqnm asnWp vn kl`kr#vn~t @qn upk`r k^w@v|qWv sQhQ krnv`. m$wkqQ @k`LB @g`s~ krgw yRwOv wQbR k`r\yk~ pv` {r\mq`s mhw` qErk}n@yn~m sm|bn~{@vmQn~ apt krqEn~n`.

aq prpR@r\ cQwYpt a{&k~;vr# g#n o@b| mwy.

uqyk`n~w vr\NsRrQy, @;@n;~ bN~d`r, pYsn~n vQw`n@g~, jyn~w cn~qYsQrQ, j#k~sn~ a#n~wnQ (ohR@g~ ab` uss~ nQr\m`Nyk~) a#wOU nv prpR@r\ a{&k~;vr# pQrQsk~ aq in~nv`. e~ awrQn~ uqyk`n~w, @X@n~;~ bN~d`r qQs`n`yk, pYsn~n vQw`n@g~ g#n vQ@X~;@yn~ s[hn~ kL yRwOyQ. e~ wQ@qn` wQYvQ{ a`k`rykQn~ a@p~ @pY~k~;kyQn~ u@qs` nQr\m`N bQhQ krnv`. rAgny p#w~@wn~q eb[Em qk~; pQrQsk~ aq bQhQvW in~n ek apt swOtk~.

p#w~wk vQsQkr wQbR sQrQylw` cQwYpty n#vw edW jym`n~n h` r#k~mNW @q~vQy@g~ alEw~ qr\Xn q r$pgw @k`t ek~ kr aAg sm|pRr\N cQwYptyk~ @ls pYwQsAs~krNy kr wQrgw kQrWmtq k#pvR a#n~tn~ @gYgrQ 23 v#nQ jRv`m| p`p~wOm`@g~ "lAk` gmn" v`r\w` cQwYpty kQrW@m|qW (qQs`n`yk cQwYpt @vnR@vn~) a{&k~;Ny h` sAs~krNytq q`yk vQy.

o@b| an`gw bl`@p`@r`w~wOv : mm sm|bn~{ vR @@vq& nQrAjn~ a{&k~;Ny kL sRr\y` cQwYpty LMqW wQrgw vWmt nQymQwv wQ@bnv`. e~ v@g~m jn jWvQw@y~ pvwQn ww~w~vy vd` yhpw~ vR@N`w~ cQwYptyk~ krn~n mm sRq`nm|. e~ s[h` m@g~ hQwvw~ nQ;~p`qkvr# kQhQp @qnkOw~ mt q#ntmw~ sh`y pL kr wQ@bnv`. aq mm sWy` @k@nk~. s`r` @s`~s`, r$w~ @s`~s` yn qr# mQNQbQrQyn~@g~w~ m@g~ bQrQ[ m`rQ@g~w~ @s@nhs lbmQn~ jWvw~@vnv`. apt kQsQm p`lEvk~ n#h#. e~w~ jWvQw@y~ a@@{r\yt pw~vn h#m @m`@h`wkm mt ms~w`n~ sQnm` @v|qQy`w~ g`mQNW @p`n~@s~k` mhw~my`w~ hQyR@g`~ pYn`n~qE (m`s~tr\) vw~ mm sQhQpw~ kr jWvQwyt @@{r\y @gn h#m @qytm swOtQn~ mRhRN@qnv`.

 

 
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