@g`vQ jnpq arBq~qW dW. es~. t gl~mRgOr#

rjrt k^;Q k`r\mQk n@v`~qykt mRl pQr$ s#tQ, @g`vQ jnpq a#rBRNR s#tQ vw~mn~ @q~Xp`lnZ@y`~ vrQn~ vr kr#NR @gn h#r qk~vmQn~ kw` krwQ. mWt qXk gNn`vkt epQtqW a#rBRNR @mm @g`vQ jnpq v&`p`r sh v#v| amRNR iqQkQrWm pQLQb[ @w`rwOr# XWY l`AkWy @q~Xp`ln iwQh`s@y~ lQy#vW a#w~@w~ rn~ akO@rnQ. @mhQqW, @m| r@tQ k^;Qkr\my nM` sQtRv`lWmt apYwQhw @@{r\yykQn~ ktyRwO kL dW. es~. @s~n`n`yk m#wQwOm`@g~ n`my amwk kL @n`h#kQy. XYW lAk`vt @q~Xp`ln nQqhs l#bRNq, ey a`r\}Qkmy vX@yn~ nQqhs~ @n`vn~@n~ nm| em nQqhsQn~ pY@y`~jnyk~ @n`m#wQ bv ewOm` nQrwOr#vm sQhQpw~ kL k`rNykQ. r`j& mn~wYN sx`@v| k^;Qkr\m a#m#wQvry` @ls ewOm` @v@ssQn~m unn~qE vR@y~ ekW a`r\}Qk nQqhs @mrt v#sQynt aw~kr @qn~nty.

e@hw~, em k`r\y@y~qW eq` ewOm` @vw ml~ @p`kOr# @mn~m gl~ mRgOr#q el~l vR@y~y. vQ@X~;@yn~m @s~n`n`yk m#wQwOm` uwOr# m#q pL`@whQ @mn~m a@nkOw~ vQyLQ kl`pyn~q sAvr\{ny kQrWmt k#p vR@y~ em gl~mRgOr# ml~ @p`kOr# @ls pQLQgnQQmQnQ. mQn~@n~rQy v#v pYwQsAs~krNy kQrQm ev#nQ @y`~{ kr\wv&ykQ. 1933 a@pY~l~ 30 q` @s~n`n`yk mhw` awQn~ mQn~@n~rQy @g`vQ bQmk~ bvt pw~ kQrW@m| mAgl ps~ pQd#l~l k#pW@mn~ em sq~k`r\yy a#rBRNQ. @g`vQ jnw`v@g~ shx`gQw~v@yn~ s`r\}kw~vyt pw~vR mQn~@n~rQy v&`p`ry sQhQ g#n~vR@y~ ip#rNQ p#rkOm| yRgyyQ. e@hw~ ey q#dQ vQ@v|cnyt lk~vR avs~}`vn~ @k`@wkOw~ vQy. 1947 @pbrv`rQ 14 q` nQkOw~ vR smsm`jy pRvw~p@whQ @m@ls s[hn~ vW wQbQNQ.

lAk`@v| @g`vQ kr\m`n~wyt rjy mgQn~ a`{`r qWm hR@qk~ {npwQ @q~Xp`lkyn~@g~ wk~kdQ rFvtQlQ h` mhjnw`v mRl` kQrW@m| vRvmn` pQt r[` wQ@bn pY@y`~gvlQn~ ghn vR v#dvlt sWm` vW a#w. mQn~@n~rQ, mQnQ@p~ a`qW uN kt`rm|vl lk~qQv @g`vQ jnw`v @vnR@vn~ wnn mnAkl~pQw qQv& @l`~kvlt mQs q#n~ @g`vQk@m| @yqW sQtQn lk~; sAK&`w @g`vQ jnw`vt nQsQ a`{`ryk~ @n`l#@bn~@n~ e@hyQnQ.

mwO q#k~@vn~@n~ 1950 @n`v#m|br\ 3 qQn sm sm`jy pRvw~ p@whQ hQtpR a#mwQrykO vR tW. bW. sRbsQAh mhw` kL s[hnkQ.

ap rt k^;Qk`r\mQk rtk~ bvw~, a@p~ irNm k^;Q kr\m@yhQ @yqWmt sQqEvW wQ@bn bvw~ ap p`lk@y`~ nQwr nQwr kQywQ. e@hw~ @m| mw@y~ v#rqQ x`vy @hn~rQ pWrQs~ s@h`~qry` @n`@b`~q` lQpQykQn~ @hLQ k@L~y. k`r\mQk qQyRNRv vn`hQ rtk qQyRNRvt avX& k`r\yyk~ bv an~ rtvl aw~q#kWm|vlQn~ op~pR vW wQ@bn kr#NkQ. idm| hQMy, rk~;` n#wQkm yn`qW pYX~n vQs[Wmt a#wQ ekm mg pRq~glyn~ aw@l`s~sk@g~ s`k~kO pQrvWm @n`v, jnw`v@g~ pY@y`~jny prm`r\} kr@gn a#wQ krn lq k`r\mQk qQyRNR@v| s#l#s~mk~ anRv kQYy` kQrWmy.

sm sm`jy pRvw~ p@whQ @m@lsq s[hn~ vW wQbRNQ.

ek~sw~ j`wQk pk~;@y~ {npwQ @k`m|p#nQy vQsQn~ kQsQm hQwk~ ppRvk~ n#wQv asrN km|kr#v`t mQn~@n~rQyt @g`s~ @n`@pnW m#rW yn~nt kWm @hL` q#kQy yRw~wk~ pmNk~m @n`v It vQr#q~{v vQX`l stnk~ kL yRw~wk~q @vyQ.

smsm`jy : 1947 @pbrv`rQ

klkt @pr @s~n`n`ykl` vQsQn~ v`g`dm|br @q`d` @p`@L`n~nr# jnpqy arBn lq~@q~y. mW hrk~ gnR@qnR@vn~ kWr\wQmw~ bvt pw~vW wQ@bn @p`@L`n~nr# jnpq@y~ v#dq mQn~@n~rQ@y~ v#dt @n`@q@vnQ bvw~ e@hyQn~ @p`@L`n~nr# jnpqyq @qv#nQ mQn~@n~rQyk~ vnR nQyw bvw~ sm sm`j pk~;y vQsQn~ @n`@yk~ vr pvsnR l#bWy. e@hw~, @s~n`n`yk pn~qm| k`ryn~ pL k@L~ mQn~@n~rQy @mn~m @p`@L`n~nr# jnpqyw~ kQrQ@yn~ p#NQ@yn~ uwOrn wrmt s`r\}k bvt p#mQNQ @g`vQ jnpqyk~ vQlsty.

(smsm`jy : 1948 jnv`rQ)

@mv#nQ vQ@v|cn @k`@wkOw~ el~l vRvq dW. es~. @s~n`n`yk m#wQwOm` kQsQ vQ@tk a@@{r\yt pw~ vR@y~ n#w.

@w`~p`v#v sAvr\{n @y`~jn` kYmy pQLQb[ @y`~jn`v mRl~vrt r`j& mn~wYN sx`v @vw iqQrQpw~ krnR l#bR@v|q dW. es~. @s~n`n`yk m#wQwOm`y. e~ 1937 @n`v#m|br\ 30 q`y.

m` hQwn~@n~ @mv#nQ v#qgw~ @y`~jn` kYmyk~ @m@wk~ lAk`@v| a`rm|x vR@N~ n#wQ bvyQ. @my e~wrm|m v#qgw~ @y`~jn` kYmykQ.

ak~kr 33,000 kt qQyvr spymQn~ kYQy`w~mk vR @w`~p`v#v @y`~jn` kYmy eq` a`c`r\y en~. em|. @p@r\r` mhw`@g~ vQ@v|cnyt lk~vR@y~ @m| ayR@rnQ.

@mkW @y`~jn`vt pk~;v @h`~ vQpk~;v m@g~ Cn~qy p`vQc|cQ @n`krmQ. e@hw~, @m| k`l@y~ h#tQyt @mv#nQ @y`~jn` iqQrQpw~ krmQn~ vQX`l vQyqmk~ q#rWm nRsRqEsR bv pYk`X kQrWmt k#m#w~@wmQ.

rQqW b#[Q a#L v&`p`ryq dW. es~. @s~n`n`yk m#wQwOm`@g~ mRlQkw~vy a#rBRNR wvw~ sAvr\{n @y`~jn` kYmykQ. @m| @vnR@vn~ avX& mRql~ r`j& mn~wYN sx`@vn~ @vn~kr g#nWmt ewOm`t q##dQ prQXYmyk~ q#rWmt sQqEvQy. em @y`~jn` kYmyt aq`l @y`~jn`v r`j& mn~wYN sx`vt iqQrQpw~ vR vQtqW a`c`r\y a#n~. a#m|. @p@r\r` mhw` It vQ@r`~{y p$@v| @m@lsy. @mm @y`~jn` kYm@yhQ a#wQ ekm v#qgw~km ehQ a#wQ @ewQh`sQk km pmNkQ. @mv#nQ @y`~jn`vkt @mm k`ly sRqEsR @n`@v|. emnQs`, gr# k^;Qkr\m a#m#wQwOm`@gn~ mm il~l` sQtQn~@n~ @mm @y`~jn`v ivw qm` e~ @vnRvt ik~mn~ v`sQq`yk k`r\yyk~ pQLQb[v av{`ny @y`mR krn @lsy. e@mn~m, r`j& mn~wYN sx`@v| a@nk~ gr# mn~wYWvr#n~ @gn~q, m` il~l` sQQtQn~@n~ @mv#nQ vQX`l mRql~ pYm`Nyk~ @m| @vnR@vn~ anRmw @n`krn @lsy.

e@hw~ @mv#nQ vQ@v|cnvlQn~ a@@{r\yt pw~ @n`vRR @s~n`n`yk m#wQwOm` @mrt vQyLQ kl`p sAvr\{ny kQrWmt @n`psRbt uw~s`hykQn~ ktyRwO k@L~y. aq kQsQ@vk~ @h`~ ewOm` vQsQn~ eq` qQyw~ krn lq sAvr\{n @y`~jn` kYmyn~hQ @q`sk~ @n`qkQwQ. ey ewOmn~t nQw#nQn~m hQmQvR @g_rvyk~ @ls s#lkQy h#kQy.

qQvAgw g`mNW jysRrQy m#wQwOm` lQyR "@qs rFk @qn @g`vQ jnpq" sh hk~gl~@l~ pW. @k~. dW. @s@nvQrw~nyn~ lQyR stnk sQhQvtn k^wWn~ a#sR@rnQ.

sRjWv @w~v@htQtQ@g~

 

 

 
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