XYW lAk` nQqhs~ pk;y upw l#bR h#tQ

XYW lAk` nQqhs~ pk;y pQhQtRvRNR qQny @ls s#L@kn~@n~ 1951 s#p~w#m|br\ 2 v#nQq`y. psRgQy swQ@y~ 2 v#nQq`t e~ anRv XYW lAk` nQqhs~ pk;y pQhQtRv` vsr 57 k~ spQrQNQ. @m| lQpQy pLvn~@n~ e~ nQmQw~@wnQ.


bN~d`rn`yk, ec|. XYW. nQX~XAk, bq~uq~qWn~ mhmRq~,
tQ. bW. @wn~n@k`~n~, dW. e~. r`jpk;, wmr` kOm`rQ ilAgrw~n

nQqhs~ lAk`@v| pY}m p`r\lQ@m|n~wO@v| Cn~q@yn~ pw~vR mn~wYWn~ 95 n~ e. j`. p. @y~ mn~wYWn~ 42 kQn~q s~v`{Wn mn~wYWn~ 19 kQn~q v`m`AXQk pk; wO@n~ mn~wYWn~ 18 kQn~q smn~vQw vQy. iwQrQ mn~wWY a`sn 16 a@nkOw~ kOd` pk;vlt ayw~ vQy. @mhQ vQ@X~;w~vy vn~@n~ e. j`. p. mn~wYWn~ wQs~@qnkO pmN ayw~ vR@y~ sQAhl mh` sx`vty. sQAhl mh` sx`@v| n`ykw~vy q#r#@v| gr# es~. db|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw`y. ohR e. j`. p. @y~ sx`pwQ dW. es~. @s~n`n`yk mhw` yt@w~ a`N~dRvk~ pQhQtRvWmt m#wQvrNyt @prqWm bhqW wQbR@N~y.

em m#wQvrN@y~qW aw~wngl~l asRn iw` v#dQ Cn~q sAK&`vk~ lb` bN~d`rn`yk mhw` jygYhNy kr wQbR@N~ a@nk~ sQylEm mn~wYWn~@g~ v#dQ Cn~q gNnt vd` v#dQ Cn~q sAK&`vk~ lb` g#nW@mnQ.ewOm`t XOx p#wWmt sQv| @qsQn~m jnW jny` ohR@g~ nQvst ek~ @r`k~@vmQn~ sQtQ@y`~y. e~ awr wOr pYvWn nWwQZykO vR ec|. XYW nQX~XAk mhw` kdQ mRdQ@y~m em s~}`nyt pQvQsQ@y~y. nQX~XAk mhw` vn`hQ s~v`{Wn a@p~k;kykO @ls wrgv#qW kOr#N$gl asRn qQn` sQtQ@ykQ. ewOm` bN~d`rn`yk mhw` @vw rF@gn a`@v| v#qgw~ pNQvRdykQ.

obwOm` a@p~ n`yky` vn~n. ob@g~ pYYwQpw~wQ h` mg @pn~vWm pQLQg#nWmt ap sRq`nm|y. apt n`ykw~vy qW a`N~dRvk~ pQhQtRv` nQqhs~ lAk`@v| pY}m agm#wQvry` vn~n.

bN~d`rn`yk mhw` iw` s`v{`nv It svn~ qEn~@n~y. in~psR ohR@g~ pQLQwOr vR@y~ @myyQ. "obt s~wOwQyQ" m` @vw sh@y`~gy h` vQX~v`sy pL kL an~ sQylE @qn`tw~ s~wSwQ kL bv pvsn~n. m@g~ k`r\yx`ry g#n mm q#ntmw~ wWn~qEvk~ @gn wQ@ynv`. e~ nQs` @vnw~ wWrNykt mt eLBQy @n`h#kQy. mQnQskO@g~ pQtRpsQn~ sQt @p`lE phrk~ el~l kQrWm @n`kL yRwO @qykQ.

bN~d`rn`yk mhw` m#wQvrNyt @pr dW. a#s~. @s~n`n`yk mhw`t qEn~ @p`@r`n~qEv kd kQrWmt kQsQ@s~w~m ekMvR@y~ n#w. evQt nQX~XAk mhw` bN~d`rn`yk mhw`t qEn~ pQLQwOr @myyQ.

bN~d` ob @m`~d@yk~. ym| qvsk obt psRw#@vn~n @v|vQ. ob alQy` v@gyQ. ob o@b|m Xk~wQy g#n @n`qnW.

in~psR ohR pQtvW gQ@y~y.

a#w~wtm @n`@b`~ klkQn~m ewOm`t psRw#@vn~nt kr#nR @yqQn. ohR@g~ v#dpQLQvLt akOl~ @hLWmt b`{` kQrWmt @mn~m pl @n`kQy` pl` @bqWmtw~ ptn~ @gn wQbQNQ. sQAhl mh` sx`@v| @y`~jn` nQgr#@k`t pYwQ@k;~p kQrW@mn~ psR ewOm`@g~ sQw shmRlQn~m bQ[W gQ@y~y.

@vnq` @mn~m 1952 jRlQ 12 q` uq` vQy. ikOw~ qQn kWpy wOLm @b`@h`~ @syQn~ m`nsQkv krqr vQ[W. bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ amRwO s~vx`yk~ sQrQm`@v`~ m#wQnQy nQrWk;Ny kL`y. qQn kWpyk~ wQs~@s~m p#vsWmt ym| kr#Nk~ wQbQyq ey a#y vQsQn~ kl~qmmQn~ wQbR@N~ ewOm`@g~ s~vx`vy e~ s[h` swOtRq`ykv @n`p#vwQ nQs`y. e@hw~ @mqQn uq$sn em kr#N p#vsWmt a$ aqQtn~ kr gw~w`y. e~ bv a$ ewOm`t p#vsR@v| uq$sn @k`~pQ @k`~p~pyk~ pQLQgn~vn awrwOry.

evQt bN~d`rn`yk mhw` pRqEm@yn~ a#y @qs, bl` "kQyn~n" a#ryRm| k@L~y. e@wk~ sQw wOL @g`nRkr wQbR aqhs~ m`l`v @m@s~ eLQ q#k~vRv`y.

"mm hQwnv` a`N~dR@vnRw~, ej`p@ynRw~ il~l` as~vWmt sRqEsR qQny q#n~ p#mQN a#w#yQ kQyl. a#w~w vX@yn~m ey ob@g~ pk;yk~ @n`@v|. ob ey vth`@gn n#q~q? psRgQy avRr#qE ekhm`rk pmN k`lyk~ wQs~@s~ ob in~@n~ asn~@w`~;@yn~ bv mt @pNRn`. ob e~ @g`l~ln~nt hQwt n`l~lnv v@g~m, e~ @g`l~l ob@g~ ktyRwO mh` b`{`vk~. @mm v`w`vrNy yt@w~ obt kQsQm jygYhNyk~ lb`gw @n`h#kQy. ovRn~ smg rF[W sQtQnw`k~ jnw`v awr ob ob@g~m ann&w`v n#wQkr gn~nv`. m`vw @vns~ kQrW@m| k`ly q#n~ p#mQN a#w. ovRn~ obt pyQn~ gs` @q`tQt q#mWmt @pr ob kYQy`w~mk vn~n. aq vRvq km| n#w."

@my ek~ awkQn~ anwOr# a#MvWmk~q vQy, a#y wvqErtw~ @m@s~q p#vsRv`y.

qR;m`n a`rAcQ rt pRr` p#wQr yyQ. e~v` a`N~dR@v| kn~ vltq @g`s~ a#w. @b`@h`~ k`lyk ptn~ ob ovRn~ h` ek

M n#wQ bv s#kryQ. q#n~ nm| ovRn~ e~ bv nQs#kvm qnW. pyQn~ gs` pn~n` qmnwOr# bl` sQtQn~@n~ a#yQ? @b`@h`~ @q@nk~ ob smgyQ. ovRn~ vrQn~ vr mt pvs` sQtQy` obt @m| g#n kQyn @ls. e~w~ mm e@s~ kQrW@mn~ v#LkW sQtQy`. nmRw~ q#n~ ey kQrWmt k`ly p#mQN a#w. an`gwy o@b| bv @w~r#m| gw yRwOy. mn~q jnw`v ob smgy. @m`ktq wv qErtw~ pYm`q @vn~@n~?"

kQsQym| @qgQdQy`vk~vW nm|, bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ cQw~w sn~w`n@yn~ eyq n#wQvW yn~nt a#w~@w~ m#wQnQy@g~ pYZ`vn~w h` edQwr em up@qs~ kWpy nQs`y. e~ anRv eqQnm enm| 1952 jRlQ ms 12 qQn bN~d`rn`yk mhw` a`N~dR@vn~ h` ej`p@yn~ h` q#r$ wnwOr#vlQn~ (sx`n`yk, h` a#m#wQ{Rr) il~l` as~vQy. (@m| pQLQb[ svQs~wrv mWt ihw lQpQyk~ mgQn~ qk~v` a#w) il~l` as~vW@mn~ m`s ekh`m`rktw~ adR k`lyk~ wOLqW XYW lAk` nQqhs~ pk;y pQhQtvnR l#bWy.

1951 s#p~w#m|br\ 2 qQn @k`LB ngr sx` X`l`@v|qW nv pk;@y~ pY}m rFs~vWm p#v#w~vWy. awQ vQX`l jnk`yk~ e~ s[h` shx`gQ vQy. a{QnWwQZ ec|. XYW nQX~XAk mhw`@g~ aqhskt anRv ehQ nm XYW lAk` nQqhs~ pk;y @ls nm| @krQN. bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ qQgO k`lWn sgykO vR e~. pW. jysRrQy mhw` ehQqW k}` krmQn~ @m@s~ kW@v|y.

bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ cQn~wny XYWlnQp@y~ g`mk blyvR bv rhsk~ @n`@v|. ewOm`@g~ aqh@s~ h#tQyt nvpk;y j`wQk vQmRk~wQ argl sm|pRr\N kQrW@mhQl` @prmRN gnR a#w."

@mm pk;y pQhQtRvW@mhQl` sAvQ{`ykyn~ rFsk~m shx`gQvR bv kQv yRwOy. wl~p`vQl sWlAvX hQmQyn~ smg xQk~;Rn~ vhn~@s~l` rFsk~m It shx`gQvWm s[h` p#mQN sQtQyh.

e~. pW. jysRrQy, r`j nWwQZ ec|. XYW. nQX~XAk, dW. e~. r`jpk;, br\n`d| aUvQh`@r\, bq~uq~qWn~ mhmRq~, @j`~r\j~ a`r\. q sQl~v`, pW. q a#s~. kOlrw~n, a`r\. a#s~. a#s~. gONvr\{n, vr\nn~ gON@s~kr, dW. a#s~. gON@s~kr, wmr` kOm`rQ ilAgrw~n, jyvWr kOr#p~pR, sW. e~. a#s~. mrQk~k`r\, sW. e~. sW. mrQk~k`r\, @hn~rQ a@b|vQkYm, tW. bW. @wn~n@k`~n~, a#s~, wAgr`j`, sW. a`r\. @blQgm|mn, s~t#n~lQq @s`yQs`, e~. sW. ndr`j`, b`n~s~ rw~vw~w h` a#m|. s~v`mQn`qn~ yn mhw~m mhw~mWhRq e~ awr vRh. s$m pn~wQyk~, s$m j`wQyk~, s$m a`gmk~ nQ@y`~jny vn prQqQ lAk`@v| s$m pY@q~XykQn~m @m| mh` sx` rFs~vWmt jnw`v ek~ @r`k~vW sQtQyh.

"nvpk; v`m`AXQkyn~ a#wOU sQylE ej`p vQ@r`~{Wn~ ek~w#n~ krn @v|qQk`vk~ vQy yRwOyQ" yQ bN~d`rn`yk mhw` pYWwQ @G`~;` m{&@y~ pYk`X kL awr "@my m`k~s~v`qWn~t vQr#q~{v stn~ kQrWmt arBn pk;yk~ @n`vn awr, pk;@y~ stn a#w~@w~ a{Qr`j&v`qWn~t h` @mrt ovRn~@g~ a`{`rkr#vn~t vQr#q~{vy"yQ r`j nWwQZ ec|. XYW. nQX~XAk mhw` kQy` sQtQ@y~y.

pYwQpw~wQ pYk`Xn@y~ s[hn~ vR@y~ XYW lAk` nQqhs~ pk;y vn`hW pYj`wn~wYv`qW mhjn pk;yk~ bvy. qQLQ[E jnw`v@g~ a`r\}Qk pYX~n sRqEsR @ls vQs[`lW@m| ekm Plq`yk kYmynm| sm`jv`qW pYwQpw~wQ anRgmny kQrWmy. qk;QN an~wv`qyw~, v`m an~wv`qyw~ b#h#r krn b#vQn~ m#qQ pQLQ@vwt ayw~ pYj`wn~wYv`qW sm`jv`qW pk;yk~ @ls ey h[En~v` @qn lqW.

a`rQyp`l mRqlQ@g~

 

 

 
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         sWm`shQw up`lQ pRvw~pw~ sm`gm
            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v