@j~. a`r\. @g~ p`t sRqE p`ty!

XYW lAk`@v| bQhQvR pYw`pvw~ jv sm|pn~n r`j& n`ykykO vR @mrt pY}m vQ{`yk jn`{QpwQ @j~.a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw`@g~ 102 v#nQ jn~m qQn smr#v @mm 17 v#nQq`t @yqW wQ@b|.

1943 vr\;@y~qW p#v#wQ m#wQvrNyt r`j& mn~wYN sx`@v| k#lNQy a`sny nQ@y`~jny krmQn~ wrg kL a{QnWwQZ @j~.a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` @vnR@vn~ lAk` j`wQk mh` sAgmy pYsQq~{ krn lq @m| pYk`Xny apQ @m@ls pL krnR@y~ ehQ a#wQ @ewQh`sQk vtQn`km q slkmQnQ. em pYk`Xn@y~ mRl~ kvr@y~ @w~m` p`Ty @ls "s~vkWy k`lyw~ {nyw~ wr#N @p_r#;yw~ mhjn @s~vy s[h` @yqvQy h#kQ pYZ` sm|pn~n@yk~" vX@ynQ.

r`j& mn~wYN sx`@v| k#lNQy a`sny

"s~vkWy k`lyw~ {nyw~ wr#N @p_r#;yw~ mhjn @s~vy s[h` @yqvQy h#kQ pYZ` sm|pn~n@yk~"

k#lNQy @k`tQT`sy @vnR@vn~ @pnW sQtWm s[h` r`j& mn~wYN sx`vt mn~wYWvrykO @w~rW@m| x`r{Rr yRwOkm| wv @n`@b`~ qQnkQn~ em @k`tQT`s@y~ Cn~qq`yk pQn~vwOn~ @vw eL@Bnv` a#w. sr\ dW. bW. jywQlk mhw` wrgyk~ @n`m#wQv @mm @k`tQT`s@y~ mn~wYW {Rryt pw~v qs vskt a{Qk k`lyk~ r`j& mn~wYN sx`@vhQ @s~vy k@L~y. p#rFNQ v&vs~}`yk mn~wYN sx`vt mn~wWYn~ @w`~rn av{Q@yhQ pv` k#lNQy @k`tQT`s@yhQ mn~wYW wrg a#wQ @n`vRh.

@n`@b`~q` in~qQy`vt pQtw~v yn qQn sn~{&`@vhQ s~vkWy Cn~qq`ykyn~ amw` kw` kL sr\ dW. bW. jywQlk mhw` kW@y~ ugw~kmQn~q, crQw XOq~{Q@yn~q, qk~; vQc]Nx`v@yn~q @hbQ @knkO k#lNQ @k`tQT`s@yhQ mn~wYW {Rry s[h` @w`~r`pw~ kr gw yRwO bvy. @m| pNQvRd@yn~ apQ eb[E sRqEsRkm| a#wQ @knkO k#lNQ @k`tQT`s@y~ Cn~qq`yk xvwOn~t h[En~v`qWmt k#m#w~@wmR. ihw kW pYk`Xy krq~qW sr\. dW. bW. jywQlk mhw`@g~ sQw~hQ vR@y~q ap vQsQn~ e@s~ h[En~v` @qn~t yn mhw`m vQy yRwOy.

rt v#sQyn~@g~ il~lWm prQqQ k#lNQ @k`tQT`s@y~ a`sny s[h` iqQrQpw~ krvWmt sRqEs~s` k#lNQ @k`tQT`s@y~ a`sny s[h` iqQrQpw~ krvWmt sRqEs~s` h#tQyt lAk` j`wQk mh` sAgmy mgQn~ sm|mw krnR l#b sQtQn a{WnWwQZ @j~.a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` vn`hQ sQyn$ @k`~rL v`sWn~t amRw~@wk~q @n`@v|. s~vkWy rtv#sQyn~ u@qs` @s~vy kQrWmt r`j& mn~wYN sx`@vhQ @pnW sQtWm s[h` p`rm|prQk vX@yn~ @mn~m @p_q~glQk vX@yn~q @j~. a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw`t a#wQ sRqEsRkm| h` ayQwQv`sQkm| @b`@h`~yQ.

sQyl~ln~tm vd` v#qgw~ vR k`rNy nm| pYgwQXWlW @q~Xp`ln aqhs~vlQn~q lAk`@v| nQqhs pQLQb[ uss~ a@p~k~;`vn~@gn~q @j~.a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` q#nt r`j& mn~wYN sx`@v| sQtQn @b`@h`~ mn~wYWvr#n~t vd` pY@b`~{mw~ m@gk qEr gmn~ kr sQtQn~nkO vWmyQ. @g`vQ jny`@g~w~, km|kr# jny`@g~w~ a`r\}Qk qQyRNRvw~, sm`j axQv^q~{Qyw~ s[h` @n`psRbt uw~s`h@yn~ kYQy`kQrWmt jyvr\{n mhw`@g~ a#wQ blvw~ a`X`vm e~ mhw` r`j& mn~wYN sx`@v| k#lNQ @k`tQT`s@y~ nQ@y`~jQw {Rryt pw~kr g#nWmt a#wQ vQ@X~;m sRqEsRkm @vyQ. e~ nQs`m e~ mhw` lAk`@v| q#nt pYsQq~{ jWvQwyt b#s sQtQn ay@gn~ @m| vgkQvyRwO a`snyt pw~kr gw yRwO ekm sRqEs~s` h#tQytq gNn~ gw h#kQ@v|.

psRgQy sQv|vs wOL jyvr\{n mhw`@g~ @q~Xp`ln ktyRwO g#n pRvw~pw~vl pLvR @q~ pmNk~ kQyv` e~ mhw` g#n q#ng#n~mk~ a#wQ kr@gn sQtQn ay@g~ h` @vnw~ ay@g~ q#ng#n~m s[h` apQ e~ mhw` pQLQb[ sRU crQw vQ@v|cnyk~ h` v#d ktyRwO pQLQb[ sRU vQs~wryk~ q krnR k#m#w~@wmQ.

a{QnWwQZ @j~.a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` vn`hQ wvm swQs~ (36) h#vQrQqQ vy@shQ sQtQn wr#N@ykQ. @XY~;~T`{QkrN@y~ vQnQX~cyk`rykO vR r`jnWwQZ I. db|lQyR. jyvr\{n mhw`@g~ v#dQmhl~ pRw~ @m| mhw` lAk`@v| sRpYsQq~{ a{QnWwQZ pvRlkt ayw~ @k@nkQ. evkt lAk`@v| @q~Xp`ln stn~vl ash`y vWry`v sQtQ v`qWxsQAh h#k~tr\ jyvr\{n a{WnWwQZ mhw` @m| mhw`@g~ mhp~p`y. @X~Y;~T`{QkrN@y~ vQnQX~cyk`rykOv sQtQy` vRq, @XY~;~T nWwQ@v|qQykO vRq r`jnWwQZ e~. s#n~tQvQ jyvr\{n mhw` @m| mhw`@g~ sRU pQy`@N`~y. k~vQn~ts~ jyvr\{n h` @j~.a`r\. jyvr\{n nmQn~ sQtQ sRpYsQq~{ a{QnWwQZvr#n~ @q@qn` q @m| mhw`@g~ sRU pQyvr#y.

m`w^ pk~;y g#n slkn vQt jyvr\{n mhw` k#lNQ @k`tQT`syt vd`w~ kQtQtR sm|bn~{yk~ a#wQ @k@nkQ. e~ mhw`@g~ m$NQ@y`~ vn`hQ k#lNQ rjmh` vQh`rs~}`n@y~ axQnv kr\m`n~w s[h` lk~; sAK&`w {nyk~ vQyqm| kL @s~qvw~@w~ vQjyvr\{n Lm`w#nWn~@g~ v#dRmhl~ qQyNQyyQ.

jyvr\{n mhw` @k`LB r`jkWy ps@lhQ ugw~@w~y. ehQ uss~ @ls X`@swY`q~gYhNy kL ohR e~ k`l@y~ sQtQ pYmRK XQ;&y` h#tQyt @w~rW pw~vR@y~y. ohR iw` @h`[ k}Qky`t @qnR lbn w&`gyq qQn`gw~@w~y.

nWwQ vQq&`lyt b#[W a{QnWwQZ v^w~wWy s[h` i@gngw~ k`l@yhQ em vQq&`l@y~ iw` @h`[ k}Qky`t @qnR lbn w&`gy h` nWwQy pQLQb[ pr\@y~;N w&`gy q qQn`gw~@w~y. nWwQ vQq&`l@yn~ s`m`r\}y lb` pQt vW a{QnWwQZykO @ls jyvr\{n mhw` ktyRwO krn~nt ptn~ gw~@w~ 1932 qWy. ew#n~ sQt a{QnWwQZykO @ls jyvr\{n mhw`@g~ n#MWm awQ XWGY vQy. e~ k`l@yhQ jyvr\{n mhw` lAk`@v| sRpYsQq~{ ndR @b`@h`mykt @pnW sQtQy` pmNk~ @n`v wr#N nWwQZyn~ aw@r\ iw`m v#dQ gNnk~ ndR l#bRN nWwQZy`v q sQtQ@y~y. jyvr\{n mhw` wm jWvQwy m`w^ xSmQ@y~ h` s~vkWy rt v#sQyn~@g~ @s~vy s[h` @yqvWmt aqhs~ kr gw~@w~ @m| k`l@y~qWy.

jyvr\{n mhw` lAk` j`wQk mh` sAgmyt b#[W 1940 qW ehQ sm @l~km| pqvQyt pw~vQy. em avRr#q~@q~m m`r\wO m`s@yhQ jyvr\{n mhw` lAk`@v| nQ@y`~jQwykO h#tQyt r`m|g`r\ ngr@yhQ pvw~vn lq in~qWy j`wQk mh` sAgm@y~ mh` sx` v`rytq gQ@y~y. @m| gmn jyvr\{n mhw` wOL vQX`l @vnsk~ a#wQ kQrW@mhQ @h~wOvk~ vQy. mhw~m` g`n~{Q, pN~dQw jhhr\l`l~@n~r#, sRb`s~ cn~qY@b`~;~, rvWn~qYn`w~ w`@g`~r\ a`qW x`rwWy vWr@y`~ @m| gm@n~qW jyvr\{n mhw`t mRNg#sRNh. pN~dQw @n~r# mhw`@g~ a`gn~wOky` h#tQyt alhb`q~ nRvr e~ mhw`@g~ nQv@shQ n#vwW sQtQ k`l@y~qW jyvr\{n mhw`t in~qQy` j`wQk mh` sAgm@y~ ax&n~wr v#dpQLQ@vL q#n g#nWmt q idkd a#wQkrn lqW. @m| gm@n~qW qBqQv @b_q~{ sQq~{s~}`n v#[ pRq` g#nWmtq gQy jyvr\{n mhw` sQy rt h#rW a`@v| aq in~qQy`nR @q~Xp`ln n`ykw~v@y~ vQ@X~;`Agyk~ vR mhjn @s~vy pQLQb[ nQym h#MWm| a#wQkr@gny.

lAk` j`wQk mh` sAgm@y~ s`Avw~srQk mh` sx` v`r s~v@q~XWy pYqr\Xn`qQy q a#wQv q#n~ pvw~vnR lbn~@n~ gm|vly. 1940 qW mWrQgmq, 1941 qW qEm|ml@qnQ@y~q, 1942 qW k#lNQ@y~q pvw~vnR l#bR lAk` j`wQk mh` sAgm@y~ sAvw~srQk mh` sx` v`rvlt rFs~vR shsY sAK&`w mh` jnk`ym em mh` sAgm@y~ axQnv v&`p`r @kwrm| qErt s`r\}k @v|@gn yw~q yn bvt pYbl s`{kyk~y. qs avRr#q~qk~m apY`NQkv p#v#wQ j`wQk sAgmy n#vww~ pY`Nvw~ vn~nt sQAhl mQnQs~sR s~vkWy jn~m xSmQy nQqhs~ kr g#nW@m| sQwQvQlQ a#wQkr gn~ntw~ @mw#n~ sQt ptn~ gw~h.

lAk` j`wQk mh` sAgm@y~ v#dpQLQ@vL anRv @k`LB n`grQk sx`@v| up@q~Xk pqvQ s[h` iqQrQpw~ vW@mn~ jyvr\{n mhw` wvw~ em pk~;@y~ nv@qnkO smg q#nt em sx`@v| up@q~Xk pqvQ l#b sQtW. @mhQqW jyvr\{n mhw` nQwrm n`grQk km|kr# jny`@g~ XOx sQq~{Qy s[h` kYQy` kL` pmNk~ @n`v r@tQ an`gw XOxsQq~{Qy s[h` @yqvWmt avX& pLpRr#q~q lb`gw~@w~y. wvq jyvr\{n mhw` j`wQk mh` sAgm@y~m k`r\yyk~ h#tQyt sQyn$ @k`~r@L~ udRpQl nm| g@mhQ gY`m sAvr\{n m{&s~}`nyk~ pQhQtRv` s~vkWy wnQ vQyqmQn~ avRr#qE @qkk~m ey pvw~v`@gn yn lq~@q~y. q#nt a`N~dRv x`r@gn wQ@bn @mm gY`m sAvr\{n m{&s~}`ny jyvr\{n mhw`@g~ a`{`r a#wQ nRl~ k#tWm h` @rqQvQvWm a`qW vs~wY kr\m`n~wy h` lNR a#BrWm, pls~ w#nWm, p`pQsQ w#nWm a`qW @k`hR kr\m`n~wyq yn`qW s~v@q~XWy kr\m`n~w v&`p`r mRls~}`nyk~ @vnv` a#w.

s~vkWy ayQwQv`sQkm| a`rk~;` kr g#nWm s[h`w~ s~vkWy qEk~ g#nvQlQ sAsQ[Ev` g#nWm s[h`w~ km|kr#vn~t a#wQ pYbl a`yR{yk~ nm| ek~sw~ km|kr# sm`gm| pQhQtRv` g#nWmy. jyvr\{n mhw` @n`@yk~ vQ{Q@y~ sm`gm| pQhQtRv` g#nWmt km|kr#vn~t upk`r vW@mnRw~ km|kr#vn~ nQwrm e~ mhw`@g~ upk`ry @s`y` y$@mnRw~ @pnW yn~@n~ e~ mhw` km|kr#vn~@g~ nQym mQwYykOv sQtQn bvyQ.

jyvr\{n mhw` @q~Xp`ln ktyRwO @k@r\ qk~vn blvw~ unn~qEv e~ mhw` vQsQn~ av@X~; ktyRwO @k@r\ q#k~vQy yRwO unn~qEv adRvWmt q @h~wO vW n#w. bQygm up`sQk`r`my pQhQtRvWmt upk`rW vR@y~ jyvr\{n mhw`y. wvmw~ vQh`rmh` @q~vQ up`sQk`r`m p`lk sx`@v| @l~km| {Rry usRln~nW e~ mhw`@g~ x`r\y`vy. us`vQy mgQn~ ang`rQk {r\mp`l bRql@y~ p`lk x`rk`r {Rryt pw~krnR l#bW@mn~ psR m$wqW jyvr\{n mhw` pQt vd`w~ vgkQvyRwO vRw~ x`r{Rr vRw~ k`r\y@y`~ p#v#r#N`h. in~qQy` mh`@b`~{Q sm`g@m| h` @vnw~ vQ@q~XWy rtvl X`snQk ktyRwOq lAk` mh`@b`~{Q sm`g@m| @b`@h`~ ktyRwO q @k@rn~@n~ @m| bRql@y~ vQyqmQnQ.

@mhQ vQs~wr vR @ls jyvr\{n mhw` r@tQ @q~Xp`ln axQv^q~{Qy s[h`w~ X`snQk axQv^q~{Qy h` sm`j@y~ axQv^q~{Qy s[h`w~ @v@h@sn awrm @p`w~pw~ kQyvWmt h` lQvWmt q s~vkWy k`l@yn~ @k`tsk~ gwkryQ. m$wqW jyvr\{n mhw` vQsQn~ lQy` pYsQq~{ krn lq "@b_q~{ lQpQ" nm#wQ m`h#MQ @p`wkQ.

sr\. dW. bW. jywQlk mhw` kW @lsm jyvr\{n mhw` ug@wkQ. yhpw~ crQwyk~ a#wQ k`r\yXSr wr#N@ykQ. e~ mhw` mhjn @s~v@yn~ {ny @h`~ kWr\wQ pYXAs` l#bWm bl`@p`@r`w~wO @n`@vyQ. e~ mhw` s~vkWy m`w^ xSmQ@y~ nQqhs s[h`w~ qQLQ[Ekm, idkdm| n#wQkm sRqEsR a`h`rp`n @n`m#wQkm @ld @r`~gvlQn~ @pLWm yn`qQ@yn~ @m| rt v#sQ jnw`v nQqhs~ kr g#nWm s[h`w~ nQs~srN`{&`X@yn~ @s~vy kQrWmt iqQrQpw~ vW sQtQn u@q&`gQmw~ @q~XhQ@@w;Q@ykQ.

q#nt k#lNQy @k`tQT`s@y~ mn~wYW {Rry s[h` iqQrQpw~ vW sQtQn e~ mhw` sr\ dW. bW. jywQlk mhw`@gn~ pRrp~p`dR vR em pqvQyt @w`~r` pw~ g#nWm XYW kl&`NQ jnpqv`sW Cn~qq`yk pQn~vwOn~@gn~ pL`w rt h` j`wQy @vnR@vn~ sQqE vQy yRwO ash`y yRwOkmy.

@j~.a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw`@g~ p`t sRqEp`ty wmRn~n`n~@s~@g~ Cn~q pwYQk`v sRqEp`t @ptQtQyt qmnR m#nvQ.

sArk~;Qw g|n~} anRg|hy : n`rq nQX~XAk

 

 

 

 
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            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v