nQqhs~ a{&`pn@y~ pQy`
sW. db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr

XYW lAk`q~vWpy @l`~k sQwQy@m| wQ@bnwOr# mRU mhw~ XYW l`AkWy qr# prpRrt nQqhs~ a{&`pn@y~ ayQwQy lb`qEn~ a`c`r\y sW. db|. db|. kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm` 1947 jRnQ ms 17 v#nQq` evkt v&vs~}`q`yk sx` @g`dn#MQl~l y#yQ h[En~v`@qn lq vr\wm`n@y~ jn`{QpwQ @l~km| k`r\y`ly pQhQtQ mh` mn~qQry wOLqW 1947 aAk 20 qrn a{&`pny pQLQb[ pn@w~ vQv`qy avsn~ krmQn~ @m@s~ pYk`X k@L~y. "g@d`lQn~ w#nR @r`~my mm kQrQgr#@Vn~ nQmk@L~ m#yQ" eq` ogs~ts~ a{Qr`jy` uqm| a#nRv`k~ @mn~ aq @m| gr# sx`@v| sQtQn h#m @k@nkOtm apQ ap@g~ j`wQyt avX& yRg @m@hvr itR krn lq~@q~ y#yQ uqm| ann~nt h#kQ@vnv` a#w#yQ ewOm` pYk`X krn vQt mRU sx`g#b pRr` p#wQrW gQy aw~@p`Lsn~ n`qy @b`@h`~ @v|l`vk~ wQ@bn~nt a#w. wm`@g~ @q~Xp`ln jWvQy wOL qW sms~w XYW l`AkWy j`wQy @vnR@vn~m kLk sQt wm hqvw wOL mh@mrk~ @s~ wb`@gn wQbRNR aqhs mRqEn~ pmRNRv` gw~ @m| @XY~;~T lAk` pRwYy` sx`g#bQn~ eLQyt bsQn vQtm ewOm` v#L[ gw~@w~ q s`m`n& mQnQskO @n`@v|. q$wQn~ wm sQr#rt wqvn @s~ ewOm` v#L[gw~ e~ as`m`n& pRq~gly` p#vsR@y~ ewOm` kL kw`vt q vd` v#qgw~ k}`vkQ. m#wQwOmnQ, obwOm` upqQn~nt wQbR@N~ lAk`@v| @n@myQ in~qQy`@v|yQ. obwOm` in~qWy jnw`v @vnR@vn~ nQqhs~ a{&`pn pnw iqQrQpw~ kL` nm| obwOm` ayw~ vn~@n~ a@p~ j`wQk vWrvryn~@g~ l#yQs~wOvt kW pRq~gly` q e@s~ @m@s~ @k@nkO @n`v em|. em|. an~@nyQ nmQn~ h[En~vnR lbn XYW lAk`@v| in~qWy mh@k`ms`rQs~ k`r\y`l@y~ @qvn nQl{`rQy` vQy.

nQqhs~ a{&`pny sms~w XYW l`AkWy j`wQyt q`y`q kL @m| vQXQ;~t m`nv hQwv`qQy` vQ@q~XWy jnw`v vQsQn~q pQLQgw~@w~ e~ wrm| uss~ an~qmQnQ. nQqhs~ a{&`pn pnw iqQrQpw~ kQrW@m|qW v&vs~}`q`yky wOL ewOm`@g~ sh@y`~gyt sQtQ@y~ q ekm ek~ pRq~glykO pmNQ. e~ kn~q udrt r`j{`nQ@y~ vw~@w~gm nmQn~ h#[Qn~vR m#wQvrN @k`tQT`sy nQ@y`~jny kL ewOm` e~. rw~n`yk nm| vQy.

ewOm` a{&`pny lbn av{Q@y~ qW XYW lAk`@v| a{&`pn@y~ ayQwQy mRUmnQn~m mQ;n`rQ p`sl~ hQmQyn~@g~ e~k`{Qk`ryt ytw~v wQbRNR awr ang`rQk {r\mp`lwOm`, XYWmw~ @hn~rQ s~tWl~ o|l~ktQwOm` h` ek~v @g`dnMn lq prm vQZ`n`r\} @b_q~{ sAgmy mgQn~ pQhQtR vR a`nn~q, n`ln~q, {r\mr`j v#nQ vQqEhl~ h#@rn~nt ngrbqv @h`~ gm|bqv @vnw~ pY{`n p`sl~ @n`vWy. i@gnW@mhQ awQqk;ykO vR nQs`m ewOm`t wmn~ bl`@p`@r`w~wO vR ww~w~vy kr` y$mt h#kQ vR@y~ i@gnWm pQLQb[v wQbR qk;w`v h` qQn`gn~n` lq XQ;&w~vyn~ nQs`w~y. psR k@lkqW @k`wrm| @XY~;~T pRr#;ykO vRvw~ @mwOm`@g~ jWvQw@y~ mRl~ k`ly iw`mw~ qEk~br vQy. ewOm` kOd` k`l@y~qWm m$NQyn~ mQygQy awr pQy`@g~ rFkQy`vq ahQmQ vWm nQs` i@gnW@m| ktyRwO kr g#nWm vQX`l axQ@y`~gyk~ vQy. vQvQ{ qE;~krw`vlt mRhRN @qmQn~ i@gnW@m| @yqENR ewOm` i@gnW@m| agyw~, qEp~pw~k@m| @v|qn`vw~ @h`[Qn~ av@b`~{ krgw~@w~y.

i@gnW@m| awQqk;ykO vR kn~nn~gr XQ;&y` a{&`pny a`rm|x k@L~ g@m| p`s@lnQ. ewOm`@g~ mRl~m XQl~p`ywny vR@y~ wmn~ upn~ gm vn rn~@q`@B| v#s~lQyn~ p`slyQ. ey q mQ;n`rQn~@g~ p`slk~ vQy. ewOm`@g~ pQy` pQrQsQqE @b_q~{yn~ jWvw~ vn ps~qEn~ @k`~rL@y~ upn~ a@ykO vR @q`n~ q`nQ@yl~ vQ@j~@k`~n~ kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`y. mv k@w`~lQk vWm nQs`w~ @qmvRpQyn~@g~ vQv`hy pl~lQ@y~ sQqE kQrWm nQs`w~ k@w`~lQkykO vR a`c`r\y kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm` 1917 qW bRq~{`gm v#L[gw~@w~y. eq` v#s~lQyn~ p`s@l~ qk;wm XQ;&y` @vmQn~ qkONR pL`@w~ qk;wm sQsRv` @ls qkONR pL`wt sWm` vR fvRn~@d|;n~ XQ;&w~vy qQn`@gn g`l~@l~ rQc|mn~d| vQqEhlt a#wOLw~ vR ewOm` wOL XQ;&w~vyk a#wQ vtQn`km pQLQb[v p#h#qQlQ av@b`~{yk~ a#wQ vn~nt a#w. e~ nQs`m m{& mh` vQq&`l pQhQtRvWmw~, e~ s[h` a#wOLw~ kr g#nWmt ps~vn pYm`N@y~ XQ;&w~v kYmy a#wQ kQrWmw~ ewOm` i@gnRm lbn av{Q@y~ qEn~ axQ@y`~gvlQn~ jy g#nWm s[h` a#wQ krn lq kYQy`vlQykQ. ewOm`@g~ a{&`pn pYwQpw~wQ@y~ iw` v#qgw~m pQyvr vR@y~ rt vt` m{& mh` vQq&`l a#wQ kQrW@m| kYmyyQ.

@m| nQs`m pLmRvn m{& mh` vQq&`ly ewOm`@g~ sms~w prpR@r\m nQjbQm vn mwOgm ngr@y~ pQhQtRvWmt wrm| ewOm` wm`@g~ p`rm|prQk gmt a`qry k@L~y. g`l~l pY@q~X@y~ pQhQtQ pY{`nwm p`sl~vlQn~ a{&`pny l#bR a`c`r\y kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm` wm @q~Xp`ln jWvQwy a`rm|x k@L~ q g`l~l pY@q~X@ynQ. nWwQy pQLQb[v vQX`rq q#nRmk~ wQbR ewOm` nWwQZ v^w~wQ@yn~ sQylEm pYwQv`qWn~ axQxv` yq~qW evkt lAk`v p`lny kL ytw~ vQjQwv`qWn~ pv` ewOm` ugwkO @ls pQ|LQgw~ nQs`m 1921 qW pQhQtRvnR l#bR v&vs~}`q`yk sx`@v| ugwOn~@g~ a`sn@y~ nQ@y`~jQwy` @ls pw~ k@L~y. psRv e~ pQLQb[v av@b`~{yk~ a#wQ krgnQmQn~ a`c`r\y kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm` s$m qr#vkOtm ugwkO vW@m| a#wQ ayQwQy lb`qWmt ktyRwO k@L~y. pLmR@vn~m gOr#vr@yk~ vX@yn~ ktyRwO kL ewOm`@g~ XQ;&yn~ awr XYW l`AkWy v`m`AXQk v&`p`r@y~ pQy` vR pQlQp~ gONvr\{n m#wQwOm` sh XYW lAk`@v| pLmRvn agY`N~dRk`r wnwOr @mn~m lAk`@v| uss~m wnwOr# kQhQpyk~m q#r$ XYWmw~ olQvr\ gONwQlk m#wQwOm` q vQy.

1936 vr\;@y~qW mwOgm pY@q~X@y~ pYxSn~ @b`@h`~ @qnkO@g~ il~lWm pQt ewOm` g`l~l awh#r mwOgm a`snyt wrg kQrWmt iqQrQpw~ vQy. a`c`r\y sW. db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`@g~ p`rm|prQk gY`my vR@y~ ps~qEn~ @k`~rL@y~ iw~w$p`nt nRqEr# lRl~bq~qEv nm| gY`myyQ. 1936 vn vQt a`c`r\y kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`@g~ kWr\wQy mRU rt pRr` p#wQr yq~qW mwOgm h` wq`sn~n pY@q~Xvl pYxSvr# ewOm` upn~ gm| pY@q~Xyt p#mQ@Nn @ls a`r`{n` kQrW@mn~ g`l~l a`sny aw~h#r mwOgmt p#mQNQ ewOm` mwOgm a`sny wrg kr jy gw@w~y 1936 m#wQvrN@y~qW ewOm` awQn~ pr`jy vR@y~ q ewOm` h` sm`nv ugw~ bRq~{Qmw~ a@yk~ vR eAgln~w@y~ a{&`pny lb` p#mQNQ sRmAgl sRrQy@g`d mhw`yQ. 1936 jygYhN@yn~ psR n#vww~ a{&`pn am`w& {Rryt pw~ @mwOm` 1939 jRlQ 18 vn qQn 1939 aAk 31 qrn a{&`pn sA@X`~{n pnw iqQrQpw~ k@L~y. eyQn~ psRv 1947 iqQrQpw~ kL aAk 26 qrn nQqhs~ a{&`pny s~}`pQw kQrW@m| pnw r`j& mn~wYN sx`v wOL sm|mw vW@mn~ psRv XYW lAk`v wOL nQqhs~ a{&`pny s~}`pQw kQrW@m| nWwQmy ktyRw~w avsn~ vQy. lAk`@v| pLmRvn gOr# ax&`s vQq&`ly mWrQgm a`rm|x krn lq~@q~ ewOm` vQsQnQ.

e@hw~ kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`@g~ @q~Xp`ln jWvQw@y~ av`sn`vn~wm avs~}`v uq`vn~@n~ eyQn~ psRvy. nQqhs~ a{&`pn pnw sm|mw vW v#dQ klk~ gwvn~nt @pr 1947 qW XYW lAk`@v| r`j& mn~wYN sx`vt mn~wYWvr#n~ @w`~r`g#nWm s[h` v&vs~}`q`yky vQsRr#v` h#rWmt sQqEvQy. nQqhs~ a{&`pn pnw sm|mw vW @n`@b`~ qQnkQn~m a#wQ vR m#wQvrNy a`c`r\y kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`@g~ irNm vQs[n m#wQvrNyk~ vQy. 1947 vr\;@y~ p#vwQ m#wQvrNy hR@qk~ {npwQ pn~wQ@y~ bly a`rk~;` kr g#nW@m| m#wQvrNyk~ vQy. 1936 sQt vsr 11 k~ mwOgm a`sny nQ@y`~jny kL a`c`r\y kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm` em asRn s[h` iqQrQpw~ vR@y~ vQX`l vQX~v`syk~ h` bl`@p`@r`w~wOvk~ a#wQvy. eq` mRU mhw~ gOr# prpRrm uqv| k@L~ a`c`r\y kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`ty. mwOgm a`sn@y~ ewOm`@g~ pYwQv`qQy` vR@y~ vr\wm`n@y~ XYWp`lQ mh` vQq&`l@y~ h` XYWp`lQ @s_n~qr\y vQX~v vQq&`l@y~ nQr\m`w^vry` vR vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` m#wQwOm` y. p`sl~ hQmQ@ykO @mn~m idm| hQmQ v#vQlQkr#@vkO vR vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` m#wQwOm`t mRUmnQn~m a`{`r k@L~ idm| hQmQ v#vQlQkr#vn~, mQ;n`rQ p`sl~ ayQwQkr#vn~ h` vrpYs`q lw~ pvRl~ vl ay vR awr kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`@g~ a`{`rkr#vn~ vR@y~ mwOgm a`sny wOL sQtQ p`rm|prQk pQrQs~ pmNkQ.

(aq qk~v`m v#dQm kLk~ a{&`pn am`w& {Rry q$r$ mn~wYWvry` vn~@n~ q a`c`r\y kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`y)

lAk`@v| pLmRvn m{& mh` vQq&`ly vR vr\wm`n@y~ mwOgm sW. db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr m{& mh` vQq&`ly pQhQtRvR@y~ ewOm`y. e@hw~ ewOm` a@p~ g@m| @k@nk~ y#yQ kQyn~nt wrm| pY@q~X@y~ jnw`v kQsQvQ@tkw~ ewOm` g#n w#kWmk~ @n`kLh. vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` m#wQwOm`@g~ mRqlt h` mw~p#n~ vlt vh v#tRNR ewOm` upn~ pY@q~X@y~ smhr pQrQs~ vQl~mtQ e~.@p@r\r` m#wQwOm`t Cn~q 19,753 k~ h` a`c`r\y sW. db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`t Cn~q 16,139 k~ lb`@qmQn~ Cn~q 3,614 kQn~ vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` m#wQwOm` jygYhNy krv` nQqhs~ a{&`pn@y~ pQy` p`rm|prQk nQjbQ@mn~ elv` q$mRh.

@m| s` vQX`l @s~v`vk~ kL @m| @XY~;~T m`nv hQwv`qQy` em avs~}`@v|qWw~ wmn~@g~ avAkx`vy pYqr\Xny k@L~ @m@s~y. "q$n~ iwQn~ mm am`w&vr@yk~ wb` mn~wYWvr@yk~vw~ @n`@vyQ@n~. e~ nQs` mt m@g~ nQL r}@y~ yn~n ayQwQyk~ n$. kvRr#hrQ hQwvw~ @k@nk~ m`v @gqrt a#rlvn~n o|n$". yQ pYk`X k@L~y. ewOm`@g~ @q@nw~ k[ELQn~ pQrW wQbRNQ. ewOm`@g~ rQy#qEr` a#m#wQwOm` @gqrt k#[v`@gn y`mt sRq`nm| vRvw~ ey pYwQk~@;~p kL ewOm` wm hQwv@wkO@g~ @m`~tr\ r}ykQn~ nQvs bl` gQ@y~y.

upn~ @q~Xyt wm`@gn~ itRvQy yRwO @m@hy @n`adRv itR krmQn~ kQsQm qQ@nk iwQh`s@yn~ ivw~ @n`vn pQtrFtQyn~@g~ pv` pYXAs`vt lk~vR @m| ash`y m`nv hQwv`qW mh` pRr#;y` psR k@lk wm jWvQwy gwkr gw~@w~ iw`mw~ asWr#@vnQ. qk~; nWwQ@v|qQ@ykO vR ewOm` em v^w~wQ@y~ @yqE@N~ nm| {nkO@v|rykO vWmt id wQbRNw~ jnw`v @vnR@vn~ em rFkQy`v aw~h#r q$mWm nQs` qEp~p@wkO bvt pw~vQy. 1956 qW gr# es~. db|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk XYWmw`Nn~ vQsQn~ ewOm`t r#. 10,000 k mRqlk~ prQw&`g kL awr psRv p`r\lQ@m|n~wO@v| vQ@X~; @y`~jn`vk~ mw m`sQkv r#. 500 k qWmn`vk~ ewOm`@g~ jWvQk`v vX@yn~ lb` qEn~@n~y. a`c`r\y sW. db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr m#wQwOm`@g~ k}`v e@s~ vRvw~ ewOm`@g~ nm j`wQk vWryQn~@g~ l#yQs~wO@vn~ kQsQq`k m#kW @n`ynR a#w.

nQr\ml @k`wl`vl
a{&`pn @s~v` am`w&

 

 

 
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