dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk agm#wQvry`
avsn~ gmn~ gQy h#tQ

a@p~ @m| pRAcQ qhm| qQvyQ@n~ e~ e~ yRgvlqW p`lnyt pw~ vR rjvr#n~, vQ@q~XWy a`kYmNQkyn~, @q~Xp`ln n`ykyn~ @gn~ rtt i;~t vR yhpw~ @s~v`vn~ g#n awWw @w`rwOr# @s`y` b#lWm mwO prm|pr`vtq v#qgw~ vn~@n~y. awWw sQqEvWm| mw vr\wm`ny sks~ vW vr\wm`n@yn~ an`gwy @g`dn#AvWmw~ sQqE@vyQ. @m| rtt nQqhs l#bW@mn~ psR @m@wk~ bQhQvR @q~Xp`lnZyn~@gn~ r@tQ a`r\}Qk, sm`jWy, sAs~k^wQk, @q~Xp`ln aAgyn~@g~ @p`~;Nyt ivhl~ vR a#w#m| n`ykyn~@g~ kYQy`kl`p prm`qr\XW vn~@n~y.

XYW lAk`@v| pY}m agm#wQ vR mWrQgm @b`~w@l~ vlv|@v| dW. es~. @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ pRw~ dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` @qv#nQ agm#wQvry` @ls @mr@tQ pQqEm| l#b sQv|vrk~m agm#wQ wnwOr @h`bv` 62 v#nQ vQ@y~qW @m@l`vQn~ smRgw~@w~y. e~ 1973 a@p~Y~l~ 13 q` r`wYQ k`l@y~qW y. dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` @m@l`v eLQy qEtR@v| 1911 jRnQ m`s@y~ 16 q`y. Lm` vQ@y~qW gl~kQs~s X`n~w @w`~ms~ vQqEhlQn~ a{&`pny arB` psRv em vQq&`l@y~m XQ;& n`yky` vX@yn~ q ktyRwO k@L~y. psRv @j&;~T vQx`g@yn~ smw~v eAgln~w@y~ @k~m|bQYj~ vQX~vvQq&`lyt a#wOU vR@y~y. ehQqW aq`L up`{Q l#bWmt smw~ vR@y~y. psRv eAgln~w@y~ mQd|l~ @tm|pl~hQ nWwQZvrykO vX@yn~q ktyRwO k@L~y.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` wm pQy`Nn~@g~ an@p~k;Qw ax`v@yn~ psR 1952 m`r\wO 26 q` XYW lAk@v| 2 v#nQ agY`m`w&vry` vX@yn~ qQvRr#m| qEn~@n~y. mhjn Cn~qykQn~ pw~ @n`vWm nQs` mhjn vrmk~ lb`gnR vs~ 1952 mh` m#wQvrN@y~qW jylb` (e. j. p. @yn~) yLQ agm#wQ vR@y~y. psRv il~l` as~vWm mw sr\ @j`~n~ @k`wl`vl mhw`t agm#wQ wnwOr# pQrQn#mQNQ. sr\ @j`~n~@g~ a#v$@mn~ psR es~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk, db|lQv|. qhn`yk agm#wQvr#n~@gn~ psR yLQ 1960 m`r\wO 21 sQt jRlQ 21 qk~v`w~, 1965 m`r\wO sQt 1970 m#yQ 28 qk~v` @wvw`vk~m agY`m`w&vry` @ls ktyRwO kr wQ@b|. @m| anRv sQvR vw`vk~ agm#wQ @ls pQqEm| lb` a#w.

1973 a@pY~l~ 02 q` dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`t h^q @r`~gyk~ v#L[Wm nQs` pYwQk`r g#nWmt @k`LB dr\dn~s~ @p_q~glQk @r`~hlt a#wOLw~ krn lqW. swQyk~ pmN @r`~h@l~ pYwQk`r lbmQn~ sQtQyqW a`b`{y wrmk~ v&`kSl ww~w~vyt pw~vQNQ. a@p~Yl~ 09 q` @r`~gW ww~w~vy brpwl vQy. e~ vn vQtw~ vQ@X~;Z @@vq&vr#n~ vn dW. jW. a`tQgl, db|lQv|. vQ@j~n`yk v#n~nvRn~@g~ @s~vy sls` wQbQNQ. It amwrv a#@mrQk`nR @@vq& vQq~vwkO@g~ @s~v` sh`yq lb` g#nQNQ. 09 q` r`wYQ vn vQt dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`t s`m`n& sRvy l#@bmQn~ pvwQn bvt @@vq&vr#n~ mw pL kLh. @m| anRv qQn 03 k~ @m| ww~w~v@yn~ sQtWmt h#kQ vRv@h`w~ @r`~gW ww~w~vy sm|pRr\N@yn~m sRv awt h#@rn bvt a#@mrQk`nR @@vq& vQ@X~;Zy` sp} k@L~y. qQn 03 k~ @n`@h`w~ p#y 72 k~ ik~m yn vQt 13 v#nQq`t a`sn~n vW wQbQNQ. a@pY~l~ 13 q` vn vQt sm|pRr\N sRvy l#@bn bvt iMQ pL vRvq yLQ eqQn r`wYQ 11.28 vn vQt ww~w~vy iw`mw~ nrk awt h#rQNQ. @@vq& pWrQs~ hnQk wm k`r\yyn~hQ @yqEn awr @m| @XY~;~T pRq~gly`@g~ qQvQ @b|r`g#nWmt @n`q#r$ w#wk~ n#w. dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` vcn hwrk~ ym|wm| glp` wwn wwn` kW@y~y. "e~ vcn hwr nm| "mt pQm|mk~ pnQn~n @vyQ." yn~ny. anwOr#v @m| uq`r pRq~gly` sqhtm @q@nw~ pQy` gw~@w~y.

1961 vr\;@y~ nQl vX@yn~ a`rm|x vR XYW lAk` ak;Qq`n sAgmyt, 1965 ok~@w`~m|br\ m`s@y~qW evkt sQtQ agm#wQ dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ @m@hy vWm mw j`w&n~wr a#s~ b#AkOvk~ vQv^w kQrW@mn~ psR ewOm`q wm q$s~ ak;Qq`n sAgmyt prQw&`g krn vgt qEn~ @p`@r`n~qEv itR kQrW@m| k`r\yy ax`v@y~ pY}m aqQyr @ls sQqEvQy. a#s~ qn~qWm ax`vpY`p~w vW sRU @v|l`vk~ a#wOLw sQqEvQy. dr\dn~s~ @p_q~glQk @r`~h@l~ sQt eq` alEym (14 q`) dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ @q~hy @b`rFl~@l~ wm nQvhn vR vRd|ln~d|s~ mn~qry @vw @gn yn lqW. @q~hy q#kOm|kU ayRrQn~ sRqE a#qEmQn~ opvw~ kr wQbQNQ. avmAgl& uw~svyt aq`L k`r\yyn~ uw~sv kmQtR wWrNy mw sQqEkQrWmt pQyvr g#nQNQ.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` q#@yn~ smRg#nW@m| ax`vy pQLQb[ vR pRvw m`{& hrh` pYc`ry vW@mn~ psR @q~hy q#k bl` avsn~ @g_rv q#k~vWmt qQvyQ@n~ nn~ @qsQn~ h#m v`r\gQk jn @k`tsk~m v#l @n`k#dW p#mQNQyh. "apt kn~n qEn~n n`yky`, apv rFkbl`gw~ n`yky`, ob a@pn~ @vn~vRN` yn`qW @X`~k vqn~ @wplmQn~ vQvQ{ gN@y~ jn pQrQs~ ewOm`t a`qr xk~wQ@yn~ @g_rv q#k~vRh. @q~hy q#kbl` @g_rv q#k~vWmt p#mQ@Nn jnw`vt @k`L p`t a#[EmQn~ @n`s#rsW h#kQ wrm| sRqE a#[EmQn~ s#rsW p#mQ@Nn~@n~ nm| vd`w~ ucQw bvtq nQ@v|qn nQkOw~ @krQNQ. jngAg`v, av|v v#s~s g#n @n`wk` @p`~lQm| g#sW pQyv@rn~ pQyvr vRd|ln~d|s~ m#[Er @vw hQmQhQt pQymA kLh. k[EU slmQn~ q$w~ ekwO krmQn~ @q~hyt a`c`r kLh. bRhRmn~ q#k~vRh. @q~hyt @g_rv kQrWmt p#mQNQ a#w#m| xQk;Rn~ vhn~@s~l`q, pRjk hQmQvr#n~q @q~hy qkQw~m k[EU s#lRh.

ax`vy sQqEvn vQt sQAhl : hQn~qE alEw~ avRr#qE uw~svyq nQymQw vR@yn~ @k`LB pY@q~X@y~ @b`@h`~myk~ @h`~tl~ vs` w#bQNQ. @s~vkyn~ wm nQv`dRvt gm|bQm| bl` n$q$yn~ hmRvWmt y$m nQmQw~@wn~ @h`~tl~ e@s~ w`vk`lQkv v#sWmt sQqEvQy. @m| ww~w~vy nQs` @k`LBt p#mQ@Nn jnw`vt a`h`r p`n`qQ@yn~ sp~p`ym| vWmt a#wQ idkd a#h#rWm nQs` @h`~tl~ hQmQvr# hnQk wm @s~vkyn~ yLQ k#[v` @h`~tl~ vQv^w kr wQ@b|.

@q~hy vRd|ln~d|s~ mn~qQr@yn~ j`wQk r`j& sx` @g`dn#MQl~lt (p#rFNQ p`r\lQ@m|n~wO sAkWr\Ny vR a@p~Yl~ 18 q` @gn yn lqEv 21 q` qk~v` @g`~l~@f~s~ pQtQtnQy wOL awOr# sQqEr# n#wQv vQX`l jn smRhyk~ @p`~lWm| g#sW pQrW iwQrW sQtQyh. @m| pQrQs~ awrt b`l, wr#N, mhlE h#m uqvQym vRh. qr#vn~ osv`gw~ am|ml`q, h#rmQtQ@yn~ gmn~gw~ vysk uqvQyq mhn~sQy @h`~ @w@htQtRv g#n w#kWmw~ @n`kLh. a#w#m| v#dQhQtQ pQrQs~ h#rmQtQ@y~ sh`@yn~ q p#mQNQyh.

evkt agm#wQnQyv sQtQ sQrQm`@v`~ bN~d`rn`yk m#wQnQy@g~ mRlQkw~v@yn~ kw`n`ykvry`, wYQvQ{ hmRq`pwQvr#n~ awr p#v#wQ nQgmnykt anRv @q~hy r`j& sx` @g`dn#MQl~@l~ sQt g`lE p`r qQ@g~ gmn~kr, @k`l~lEpQtQy hn~qQ@yn~ {r\mp`l m`vw os~@s~ @k`LB mh ngr X`l`v aslQn~ a#f~. a`r\. @s~n`n`yk m`vwt a#wOU vW sW. db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr m`vw qQ@g~ gmn~ kr nQqhs~ cwOrXYyt rF@gn en lqW. uw~sv kmQtR wWrNyt anRv nQqhs~ cwOrXYyt rF@gn a` @q~hy rn~sQvQ @gy w#n~pw~ krn lq~@q~ kw`n`ykvry` pYmRK m#wQ a#m#wQvr#n~ sh pk; n`ykvr#n~@g~ shx`gQw~v@ynQ. jnw`v vRd|ln~d|s~ m#[E@rn~ j`wQk r`j& sx` @g`dn#MQl~ltw~ ehQ sQt nQqhs~ cwrXYytw~ p#mQ@Nn nQs` ovRn~@g~ gmn~ phsRvt avX& m`r\g phsRkm| s#l#s~vWmt evkt sQtQ nQ@y`~j& @p`lQs~pwQ tW. bW. @v|rpQtQy mhw`@g~ s#lsRm prQqQ ktyRwO sm|p`qny vQy.

@q~hyt avsn~ @g_rv q#k~vWmt kw` kL ay awr agm#wQnQ sQrQm`@v`~ bN~d`rn`yk m#wQnQy, @@wYnQk`yQk mh sAGrw~n@y~ hQmQvr# wOn~nmw~, evkt @k`LB ngr`{QpwQv sQtQ vQn~sn~tQ @p@r\r`, e. j`. p. @y~ nQ@y`~j& n`yky` @ls ktyRwO kL @j~. a`r\. jyvr\{n, a#m|. dW. bN~d` v#nQ pYxShR vRh. mWt amwrv jn v`r\gQkw~vy anRvq k}Qk@y`~ kw` kLh.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` agm#wQ vX@yn~ 1965: 70 sm@y~ sQtQq~qW hrQ a`q`ymk~ n#wQ asrN qEp~pw~ jnw`vt iw` sRU mRqlkt h`l~ l#bWmt h`l~ kSpn~ pw~ kYmyk~ a#wQkr wQbQNQ. @my a#w~w vX@yn~m @n`mQ@l~ shl~ prQw&`g kQrWmkQ. jn gAg`v ax`vpY`p~w vR dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ @q~hyt a`c`r krmQn~ hQmQhQt p` wbq~qW mhlE vQ@y~ h#rmQtQ v`r#@vn~ a` am|m` @knkO "apt bw~ qEn~n bRqE pRw` nQvn~ qkQw~v`" ynR@vn~ hV` v#LpRN vgk~q an`vrNy vQy.

mWrQgm @b`~w@l~ vlv|@v| @s~n`n`yk prm|pr`@v| jn @s~n`v @vnR@vn~ n`ykw~vy qW rtt yh @s~vyk~ kL bv @n`p#kQLQv pYk`X kL h#kQy. dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` ay}` vQqQht @q~Xp`ln@yn~ kQsQvk~ hm|b k@L~ n#w. ewOm` hm|b k@L~ mhjnw`vy. ovRn~ sRrk;Qw kQrWm wm aqQtn vR@y~y.

mWrQgm : a`r\. a#m|. tW. bW. rw~n`yk

 

 

 

 
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         sWm`shQw up`lQ pRvw~pw~ sm`gm
            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v