r@tQ a`rk;`v g#n pLmR iMQy pL kL
71 a@pY~l~ k#rFl~l

nQqhs qQn` g#nWm s[h` m`w@l~ k#rFl~l, @vl~ls~s k#rFl~l a`qW k#rlQ gNn`vk~ sQqE @kr#NR awr nQqhsQn~ psR ht gw~ k#rFl~l 1971 a@p~Yl~ k#rFl~l vQy. ey qQyw~ krn lq~@q~ jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmRN vQsQnQ.

mRl~ argl, ytw~ vQjQw p`lnyt e@rhQv argl vRvq, 71 argly, r@tQ p`ln bly al~l` g#nWm s[h` @kr#Nk~ vQy. a#wQ h#kQ ayt e@rhQv n#wQ b#rQ ay@g~ n#gQtWmk~ h#tQyt ey h#[Qn~vQy h#kQy. ehQqW rtt s#lkQy yRwO h`nQyk~ sQqEvR vg @n`kQvmn`y.

nQqhs l#bR w#n~ ptn~ 1971 vn @wk~ r@tQ a`rk;`v yhpw~ mtQmtkQn~ p#v#wQ nmRw~ 71 k#rFl~lw~ smgm ww~w~vy @vnwkt h#rQNQ.

k#rFl~lt @pr p#v#wQ ww~w~vy, uq`hrN kWpykQn~ q$n gwh#kQy. bN~d`rn`yk p`ln k`l@y~qW qBRgmR@v| sRmQw~w XWY sRnn~q`r`m r`jmh` vQh`r`{QpwQ m#tQ@k`tmRl~@l~ {r\mp`l n`hQmQyn~ apvw~ vR avs~}`@v| a`q`hn pR@j`~w~svyt p#mQNQ agm#wQ a#s~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw` kQsQqE a`rk;`vk~ @n`m#wQv @snk aw@r\ g#vsRNR an~qm mm a#s~ pN`pQtm qQtQmQ. wvw~ qQnk agm#wQvry` @r`s~mWd| @p@q@s~ sQt @h`r@g`l~l vlv|vt nRvr p`r os~@s~ rQy pqv`@gn gQ@y~ mh rH wnQvmy. e@s~ yn awrv`r@y~ nRvr p`@r\ 4 kNRv hrQ@y~ bs~ n#vwOm| pLk sQtQ vr`y km|kr#vkO vR lEvQs~ ayQy`q, @m`~tr\ r}yt nAv`@gn kw` bs~ kr kr gQy bvq s[hn~ kL yRwOy.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` agm#wQv sQtQyqW smhr qQnvl wnQvm rQy pqv`@gn @b`rFl~@l~ vRd|ln~d| mn~qQryt gQ@y~y. @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ awQ@r\k pYv^w~wQ @l~km|vrykOv sQtQ hk~gl~@l~ pW. @k~. dW. @snvQrw~nyn~ m@g~ hQwvwkO vR@yn~ ohR mRNg#@sn~n m` swQykt @qwOn~ s#ryk~ agY`m`w& k`r\y`lyt gQy nmRw~ @s`~qQsQ m`qQsQ kQsQvk~ wQbR@N~ n#w. pW. @k~. dW. @g~ @m|sy wQbR@N~ dd|lQ@g~ @m|sy is~srh e~ k`mr@y~my. qQnk~ m` ehQ @g`s~ ohR h` smg kw`bs~ krmQn~ sQtQn vQt agm#wQvry` pyQp~pykOw~ k@tQ gs`@gn k`mryt p#mQNQ an~qm mwky.

a#m#wQkm| kWpyk~ @mn~m @ktQ klk~ agm#wQkmq kL a`c`r\y vQjy`nn~q qhn`yk, qQnk~ a#[QrQ v#tW@gn eq~qW g`lE mRv@q`r pQtQ@y~ @sng aw@r\ wnQpAgl@m|m a#vQqQmQn~ sQtQnR mm qQtQmQ. m`q e~ avs~}`@v| mQwOrn~ @q@qnkO h` smg a#vQqQmQn~ sQtQ awr kw` bs~ krn~n LMt gQy vQt m@g~w~, mQwO@rkO@g~w~ kr vt` @qaw qm`@gn e~ mhw` a#vQq~@q~ @n`@ykOw~ @q~vl~ kQymQnQ.

ey agY`N~dRk`rvykO sQtQ av{Qy vQy. agY`N~dRk`rvry` @h`~ agm#wQvry` @h`~ a#m#wQvr#n~ @h`~ yn en w#n~vlt ewrm| a`rk;`vk~ @y`q` wQbR@N~q n#w. e~w#n~vl a`rk;`vt @y`qv` sQtQy` nm| sQtQ@y~ @p`lQs~ prWk;kvrykO @h`~ up @p`lQs~ prWk;kvrykO @h`~ yt@w~ @p`lQs~ xtyn~ kWp @q@nkQ. mn~wWYvr#n~t nm| @p`lQs~ a`rk;`vk~ @n`wQbRNR wrm|y.

(g`lE mRv@q`r pQtQy asbd p`r\lQ@m|n~wOv jn`{QpwQ k`r\y`ly) p#v#wQ k`l@y~ smhr qQnvl smhr mn~wWYvr#n~ wnQpAgl@m|m @k`tR@v| ym| ym| w#n~vltvQw~ m{RvQw @w`L g`nR m`q q$k a#w.

agnRvr a#wOU h#m ngrykm v`@g~ qvs pRr` @p`lQs~ xtyn~ q$n~ qk~nt l#@bn nmRw~ ekl ww~w~vy It vd` h`w~psQn~m @vns~y.

r@tQ a`rk;`v pQLQb[ pYX~n mwOvn~n ptn~ gw~@w~ 1971 a@p~Yl~ k#rFl~lw~ smgmy.

k#rFl~@l~qWw~ It psR avs~}`vkqW, @qkkqWw~ jvQ@p mMQn~ pYcN~d kQYy` sQqE@kr#NR an~qm kvRr#w~ qnQwQ.

r@tQ nWwQy h` s`my a`rk;` krgw yRw vR @hyQn~ @p`lQsQy h` wQYvQ{ hmRq`vq wr krn lq~@q~ e~ h` smgmy. k#rFl~@l~ uc|cwm avs~}`@v|qW vyB h` uwOr#m#q pL`w~vl ww~w~vy pQLQb[v "qQnmQN" pwYyt @w`rwOr# rFs~ krn~n gQy vQtk qEtR @q~vl~, a#M kQLQ@p`Ln an~q@m| e~v` vQy. gmn~ kL m`r\gvl gQnQ wb` vQn`X kr wQbRNR lAgm bs~ gNn pmNk~ 62 kQ. @p`lQs~ s~}`nvlt h` rj@y~ @g`dn#MQlQvltq kr wQbRNR h`nQy brpwly.

evk jvQ@p vQsQn~ pYj`wn~wYv`qy h[En~vn lq~@q~ "@pY`~d`wn~wYv`qyk~" h#tQyty. ey e@s~ vRvq an~wQ@m|qW ovRn~ pYj`wn~wYv`qyt gr# krn pQrQsk~ bvt pw~vR vg apQ qnQmR.

@m@wk~ rt p`lny kL pY{`n pk; @qk vn ej`pyt h` XWYlnQpytq ovRn~@gn~ p`dmk~ ugw h#kQ vn prQq~@qn~ ovRn~ @vns~ vR vg s#b$vkQ. mhjny` mRlqW jnw` vQmRk~wQ @prmR@N~ nm @h`~ jvQ@p, @j~vWpW yn @ktQ nm| @h`~ kQyn~nt pv` bQyvR nmRw~ an~wQ@m|qW e~ pk;@y~ jnpQYyw~vy @k@mn~ @k@mn~ vr\{ny vn~n ptn~ gw~ vg @n`kQvmn`y. e~ vg sn`} vn~@n~ mRlQn~m ekm ek p`r\lQ@m|n~wO mn~wWYvrykO sQtQyw~ jvQ@p mn~wWY sAK&`v an~wQ@m|qW 35 k~ n#w~nm| 26 pmN vn @wk~ v#dQvW@mnQ. pY`@q~XWy sx` ngr sx`, mh ngr sx` h` pL`w~ sx`vl ww~w~vyq e@s~m vQy.

wYs~wv`qy amwk @k`t, pYj`wn~wYv`qW m`vwt pQvQs @q~Xp`ln krLQ@y~ ktyRwO krn~n ptn~ gw~ psR ovRn~t r@tQ w#nk~ l#bQNQ. @q~Xp`ln@y~ @kwrm| ihL mtQtmkt pw~ vRv`q kQv@h`w~ @wv#nQ bl k[vRr bvt pw~vQy. lAk`@v| p#rFNQwm @q~Xp`ln pk;yyQ kQyn smsm`j pk;y pv` axQbv` iqQrQyt yn~n ovRn~t h#kQ vQy.

ey e@s~ vRvq, n&`y`w~mk mw g#tRm| mw pk;y I@y~ @p@r\q` @qkm @bqQNQ. pk;@y~ pYc`rk @l~km| @mn~m hV @mn~ kQYy`kL vQml~ vWrvAX, j`wQk nQqhs~ @prmRN yn nmQn~ @vnm pk;yk~ pQhQtRv` gw~@w~y. @qkd vWm sm|bn~{@yn~ pwYyk I@y~ @p@r\q` pLv wQbRNR k`tRnykQn~ @pn~nRm| @kr#@N~, jvQ@p bw~ pQM`nt vd` j`wQy bw~ pQM`n @g`dg#sW a#wQ bvkQ.

@l`~k@y~ sm`jv`qW k[vRr bQ[ @hLWmt {nv`qW rtvl~ nQrwOr# uw~s`h qrn awr bthQr nRl~ sRw~wr mw jvQ@p @qkd vRv` vn~nt b#rQkmk~ n#w.

qXk @qkhm`rk pmN k`lyk~ wQs~@s~ r@tQ sAvr\{ny ad`l kL, rtt brpwl hRnQymk~ bvt pw~v a#wQ @k`tQ sAvQ{`n@y~ bl k[vRr# ekQ@nk bQ[ @hLmQn~ m`nR;Qk @m@hyRmk~ qQyw~v a#wQ @m| avs~}`@v| mRU rtm It awhQw, sh@y`~gy qQy yRwOv wQbQyqW jvQ@pn~ v#dvr\jnyk~ sAvQ{`ny @krQNQ. s#bvQn~m ey @k`tQ wYs~wyn~t v@kY`~w~wQ@yn~ r#kOl~ qWmk~ v#n~nkQ. @k`tQ wYs~wyn~ @k@rhQ l#qQy`vk~ qk~vn ej`p@y~ sh@y`~gyq e~ s[h` l#bQNQ.

psRgQy a@g`~s~wO agqW p#v#w~vRNR uwOr#m#q h` sbrgmR pL`w~ sx` m#wQvrN@y~ pYwQPlvlQn~m jvQ@p psR b#s~m @w~r#m| gw h#kQy. m#wQvrN@y~qW pL`w~ sx` @qk s[h` ejnQsw~, ej`py h` jvQ@pw~ lb` gw~ Cn~q pYm`Nyn~ pQLQ@vLQn~ @m@s~y.

3,07,457 h` 4,72,789

2,05,284 h` 3,46,321

26,738 h` 19,068

pk; wOn lb`gw~ Cn~q pYwQXwyn~ g#n s[hn~ k@L`w~, pQLQ@vLQn~ 56.37 k~ h` 55.34 k~q, 37.64 k~ h` 40.53 k~ sh 4.90 k~ h` 2.32 k~q vQy.

lb`gw~ a`sn sAK&`vn~ g#n s[hn~ k@L`w~ pQLQ@vLQn~ 20 k~ h` 25 k~q, 12 k~ h` 17 k~ sh 1 k~ h` 2 k~q vQy.

pL`w~ @q@k~m jvQ@p a`sn sAK&`v wOnk~ qk~v` adRv @g`sQnQ.

lAk`@v| p#rFNQwm pk;y h#tQyt s#l@kn smsm`j pk;yt psRv @q~Xp`ln krLQyt ek~vR pk; @qkkt (ej`p h` XWYlnQp) @m@wk~ r`j& bly hQmQ vRvw~ smsm`jyt wvm bly al~l` gn~n b#rQ vR@y~ wr\jn, gr\jn vr\jn a`qQyt nm| q$r$ pk;yk~ vR @hyQnQ.

a@p~Yl~ k#rFl~l h` It psR sQqE @kr#NR pYcN~d kQYy`q nQs` jvQ@p g#n jnw`v wOL xWwQyk~ h` kl kQrWmk~q mRlqW ht@gn wQbRNR nmRw~ pYj`wn~wYv`qy v#L[@gn mhw~vr#n~ @mn~ kQYy` krn~n ptn~ g#nWmw~ smgm e~ xWwQyw~, kL kQrWmw~ phv gQ@y~ i@b|my.

ey e@s~ vRvq n#vww~ pWlQ pnQn s~vx`vyk~ qk~nt l#@bn @sykQ. Cn~qykqW Cn~qq`ykyn~ v#dQpRr kwQr g#sWmt @pL@Bn~@n~ rt, j`wQyt a#l~mk~ qk~vn pk;ykt pmNy.

vQml~ vWr@s~kr

 

 

 
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