dW. a#s~. agm#wQvry` vR@y~ ytw~ vQjQw yRg@y~qWy

nQqhs~ lAk`@v| pY}m agm#wQvry` dW. a#s~. @s~n`n`yk mhw` yyQ kQyn nmRw~ e~ mhw` agm#wQkmt pw~ vR@y~ nQqhs lbn~ntw~ m`s hwrkt pmN klQn~ bQYw`n& ytw~ vQjQw p`ln k`l@y~qWy. nQqhs lbn~nt m`s phkt pmN klQn~ 1947 a@g`~s~wO 23 v#nQq` sQt s#p~w#m|br\ 20 v#nQq` qk~v` qQn 19 k~ wQs~@s~ p#v#wQ pY}m mh m#wQvrN@y~qW @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ ek~sw~ j`wQk pk;yt v#dQ a`sn sAK&`vk~ qQn`gw h#kQ vR@yn~ agm#wQkmt e~ mhw` @w`~r`pw~ kr g#nQNQ. ej`p@y~ pYblwm pYwQv`qW pk;y bvt psR k@lk pw~ XWY lAk` nQqhs~ pk;@y~ nQr\m`w^vry` vR es~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw` pv` evk ktyRwO k@L~ dW. a#s~. @g~ ej`p@y~ pYblykO h#tQyty.

mWt vsr 60 kt pmN @pr 1948 @pbrv`rQ 4 v#nQq` lAk`vt nQqhs l#bRNR awr It m`s hwrkt, phkt pmN @pr p#v#wQ pY}m mh m#wQvrN@yn~ psR pY}m k#bQntQ mN~dly pQhQtRv` gn~n` lq~@q~q ytw~ vQjQw yRg@y~qWmy. ytw~ vQjQw p`lny nQm krn~nt on~n @mn~n kQy` wQbQyqW kQYy`vt n#AvRNR @s`~l~brW a`N~dR kYm v&vs~}`v yt@w~ nQ@y`~jQw mn~wWY mN~dly h` @sntQ mn~wWY mN~dly vX@yn~ v&vs~}`q`yky, aAX @qkkQn~ smn~vQw vQy.

vw~mn~ p`r\lQ@m|n~wOvt mn~wWYvr#n~ 225 @qnkO a#wOLw~ vn nmRw~ evk nQ@y`~jQw mn~wWY mN~dl@y~ mn~wWY sAK&`v in~ adktw~ vd` adR vQy. sQtQ@y~ mn~wWYvr#n~ 101 @qnkO pmNy. ovRn~@gn~ 95 @qnkO mhjn Cn~q@yn~ @w`~r`pw~ kr gn~n` lq awr @ssR hy @qn` sRU j`wWn~ nQ@y`~jny kQrWm s[h` agY`N~dRk`rvry` vQsQn~ pw~krn lq mn~wWYvr# vRh. uw~wr mn~wWY mN~dl@y~ enm| @sntQ mn~wWY mN~dl@y~ mn~wWY sAK&`v 30 k~ vQy. ovRn~ mhjn Cn~qykQn~ @w`~r` pw~ kr g#nRNR ay @n`vRh. agm#wQvry`@g~ h` agY`N~dRk`vry`@g~q k#m#w~w prQqQ pw~ @kr#NR ay vRh.

iAgWYsQ j`wQkykO vR @s`~l~brW s`mQ vQsQn~ sks~ krn lq @s`~l~brW v&vs~}`v yt@w~ s~}`pQw @kr#NR uxy mn~wWY mN~dl@yn~ @sntQ mn~wWY mN~dl@y~ mn~wWYvr#n~ adRm wrmQn~ @q@qnkOvw~ k#bQntQtRvt a#wOLw~ vQy yRwOv wQbQNQ. a{QkrN a#m#wQ pqvQyt anQv`r\y@yn~m v`@g~ @sntQ mn~wWYvrykO pw~kr gw yRwO vQy.

1947 pY}m m#wQvrN@y~ pYwQPl anRv agm#wQ dW. a#s~. @g~ n`ykw~v@yn~ yRwO pY}m k#bQntQ mN~dlyt, @m| anRv @w`~r` pw~kr g#nRNR a#m#wQvr#n~@g~ sAK&`v 14 kQ.

Cn~q @k`tQT`s 200 kt a`sn~n sAK&`vk~ q$n~ wQ@bn nmRw~ ekl wQbR@N~ 89 k~ pmNkQ. bhR mn~wWY @k`tQT`s q$n~ @mn~ eklq p#vwQNQ.

@s`~l~brW v&vs~}`vt anRkSlv h`pRr` kQy` p#v#wQ m#wQvrN@y~ pYwQPl @m@s~ vQy.

ek~sw~ j`wQk pk;y a`sn 42, lAk` smsm`j pk;y 10, qYvQd sAgmy 07, in~qQy`nR @k`n~gYsy 6, @b`l~@;vQk~ @lnQs~tQ pk;y 5, @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y 3, km|kr# pk;y 1, s~v`{Wn 21 yQ.

ehQqW s~v`{Wn mn~wWYvr#n~ v#dQ pQrQsk@g~ sh`y ej`pyt l#bRNR awr @hn~rQ mn~k~s~ @m|sn~ vRvr\ iAgWYsQ a`N~dRk`rvry` iqQrQ@y~ pY}m k#bQntQtRv qQvRr#m| qEn~@n~ vsr 61 kt @pr 1947 s#p~w#m|br\ 26 v#nQq`y.

sx` n`yk sh @s_K& h` pL`w~ p`ln a#m#wQvry`vq sQtQ a#s~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw` 1951 jRlQ 12 v#nQq` ej`p@yn~ h` em pqvQ w`n`n~wr vlQn~q il~l` as~vWm dW. a#s~. @g~ pY}m k#bQntQtR@v| brpwlm @qqr` y$m h#tQyt h#[Qn~vQy h#kQy. vw~mn~ jnpwQ mhQn~q r`jpk; mhw`@g~ pQy`Nn~ vR dW. e~. r`jpk; mhw`q a#wOU mn~wWYvr#n~ @qwOn~ @qnkOw~ em pk;@yn~ il~l` as~ vR@y~q e~ avs~}`@v|qWmy. an~wQ@m|qW ovRn~ ek~v wvw~ vQX`l pQrQsk@g~ sh@y`~gyq shQwv k@L~ kOmk~q? mq klk~ gQy w#n 1951 s#p~w#m|br@y~qW XWY lAk` nQqhs~ pk;y pQhQtRv` g#nWmy.

XWYlnQpy pQhQtRv` g#nWmt wOdR qEn~ mRlQk @h~wOv ej`p@y~ bthQrt br {nv`qW pYwQpw~wQy vR vg amRwO@vn~ kQyyRwO n#w. dW. a#s~. q ev#nQ pYwQpw~wQyk~ anRgmny k@L~ rFvRlyQ, k#[yQ @qkm @b|r` g#nW@m| armRNQn~ vQy h#kQy. nQqhs qQn`gw~ s#nQn~m v`@g~ bthQr {nv`qW pYwQpw~wQyt e@rhQv ktyRwO krn~n gQy`nm| bthQrQn~ apt v#tkdRlE b#@[nv`t s#kyk~ n#w. apt yLQw~ aw @p`vn~n env`tq s#kyk~ n#w.

nQqhs qQn` g#nWmt @pr s~vyA p`lnyk~ il~l` r@tQ jnw`v argl kLw~ s~vyA p`lnyk~ sm|bn~{@yn~ ovRn~t kQsQm idk~ slsn~n iAgWYsQ p`lk@y`~ kl~pn` @n`kLh. r@tQ p`lny, evk ytw~ vQjQw mh @l~km|vry` vQsQn~ pw~kr evn lq agY`N~dRk`rvry` h` ohRt up@qs~ qEn~ nQl{`rW p#l#n~wQyq aw p#vwQNQ. @q~Xm`mkw~vykQn~ @q~XWy @qyt a#l~mk~, a`qryk~ a#wQvkl~ @gvn jnw`vk~ rt wOL a#wQ vWmt, blgwO avhQrw`vyn~ mwO vR@y~ iAgWYsQ p`lkyn~@g~ sQwOm| p#wOm|vlt anRkSlv evk a{&`pnyq s#ksW wQbRNR nQs`y.

@k@s~ @vww~ s~vyA p`lnyk~ lb` @qmQn~, an~wQ@m|qW apt nQqhs pYq`ny @krQNQ. nQqhs lbn~nt sQv| mskt pmN klQn~ ytw~ vQjQw p`ln k`l@y~qW pw~@kr#NR pY}m k#bQntQ mN~dly, lAk`@v| e@wk~ @m@wk~ pQhQtvR k#bQntQ mN~dl awrQn~ v`r\w` pQt v`r\w` pQhQtvR k#bQntQ mN~dlyyQ kQyn~n b#rQ kmk~ n#w. e@s~ kQyn~@n~ It a#wOLw~v sQtQ ay@gn~ at @qnkO v&vs~}`q`yk@y~ h` vQ{`yk@y~q ihLm pqvQ w`n`n~wr vlt vQtQn~ vQt pw~vR @hyQnQ. dW. a#s~. pY}m agm#wQvry` vRv` @s~m, dd|lQ, @k`wl`vl, bN~d`rn`yk h` @j~. a`r\. q em pqvQyt psR avs~}`vl pQLQ@vLQn~ pw~ vRh. @m| awr olQvr\ psR k@lk agY`N~dRk`r {Rryt pw~vR awr rw~n`yk, @sntQ mn~wWY mN~dl@y~ sx`pwQrvy` bvt pw~vQy. pY}m vQ{`yk jn`{QpwQvry` bvt psR k@lk pw~ vR@y~ @j~. a`r\y.

pY}m k#bQntQtR@v| sQtQ ay@gn~ ps~ @q@nk~ nQ@y`~jQw mn~wWY mN~dl@y~ mn~wWYkm| h` a#m#wQkm|q qrmQn~ agm#wQkmq kL ay vRh. dW. a#s~, dd|lQ, @k`wl`vl, bN~d`rn`yk h` @j~. a`r\. ovRn~y. em pqvQ wOn q$rW@mn~ anwOr#v, jn`{QpwQkmtq pw~ vR@y~ @j~. a`r\.y. @sntQ mn~wWYvrykOv sQtQmQn~ a#m#wQ pqvQyk~ qr` an~wQ@m|qW agY`N~dRk`r {Rryt uss~ vR @q~Xp`lnZy` olQvr\y. nQ@y`~jQw mn~wWY mN~dl@y~ mn~wWYkmk~ h` a#m#wQ pqvQyk~q qr`, @qvnRv @sntQ mn~wWY mN~dl@y~ mn~wWYkmk~ h` sx`pwQ pqvQyq q$r#@v| rw~n`yky.

uxy mn~wWY mN~dl@y~m mn~wWYvr#n~v sQtQ @q~Xp`nZyn~ aw@L`s~skt vd` n#w. sQrQm`@v`~ bN~d`rn`yk m#wQnQy h` a#d|lQn~ @m`lmR@r\ a`r\y`vq, e~. rw~n`yk, @j~. pW. o@b|@s~kr, yR. bW. vn~nQn`yk h` a`nn~q qsn`yk yn mhw~vr#n~q ovRn~@gn~ kWp @q@nkQ.

eq` @mq` wOr @q~Xp`ln @k;~wY@y~ sQqEvR @vns~km| @b`@h`~y.

@s`~l~brW v&vs~}`v yt@w~ 1948 qW lb`gw~ nQqhs, s#bvQn~m nQqhs lb` g#nWm s[h` lb`gw~ nQqhsk~ vR awr bQYw`n& kQrWt@yn~ prQpRr\N nQqhsk~ lb` g#nWmt h#kQ vR@y~ sQrQm`@v`~ bN~drn`yk m#wQnQy@g~ 1972 jnr`j v&vs~}`v kQYy`vt n#AvW@mn~ psRvy. uxy mn~wWY mN~dly @vnRvt @sntQ mn~wWY mN~dly a@h`~sQ @k`t j`wQk r`j& sx`vk~ e~ yt@w~ s~}`pQw @krQNQ.

agY`N~dRk`vry` @vnRvt pw~krn lq~@q~ n`mQk jn`{QpwQvr@ykQ. e~ anRv vQ{`yk blwl agm#wQ awt pw~ vQy.

bQYw`n& kQrWty sQhQ gn~vmQn~ wQYvQ{ hmRq`v, w#p#l~ @s~vy, @r\gOv a`qQ@y~ nm| vlt mRlQn~ ek~ kr wQbRNR "r`jkWy" k$l~lq kp` h#r q$mQnQ.

ey e@s~ vRvq, 1977 blyt pw~ @j~. a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` k@L~ jnrj v&vs~}`v a@h`~sQ @k`t vQ{`ykblwl jn`{QpwQvry` awt pw~kr g#nWm s[h` vQ{`yk jn`{QpwQ kYmy kQYy`vt n#A@vn v&vs~}`vk~ kQYy`w~mk kQrWmy. jnv`r\gQk pYX~ny odR qQv gQ@y~q in~ psRvy.

pYj`wn~wYv`qy ynR pYj`v@g~, enm| mhjnw`v@g~ k#m#w~wt anRv rt p`lny kQrWm vn nmRqE mhjn Cn~qyk~ @n`lb` @h`~ v&vs~}`q`ykyt pw~vW@m| idkdq s#l#s~vRNR vg @n`kQv mn`y. mhw~m` @q~Xpl`ny @k@mn~ @k@mn~ p`qdkrNyt p`w`lkrNyt lk~ vn~n ptn~ gw~ bvq a#w~wy.

p`r\lQ@m|n~wOv n#rBWmt p`sl~ sQsRn~ p#mQNQ qQnk, mn~wWYvr#n~ h#sRr#N a`k`ry q$k smhr sQsRn~ bQyt pw~v hVn~ntq ptn~ gw~ an~qm apt mwky. rnQl~ vQkYmsQAh mhw` agm#wQv sQtQyqW cn~qYQk` bN~d`rn`yk kOm`rwOAg hQtpR jn`{QpwQnQy p`r\lQ@m|n~wOvt v#qgw~ @l~Knyk~ iqQrQpw~ kL avs~}`vk ej`p@y~ smhr mn~wWYvr#n~ ehQ pQtpw~ ir` gOlQ @k`t sx` g#@b| sWsWkd vWsQ kL an~qmw~, ek~wr` mn~wWYvr@yk~ sx` g#b wOLqWm It gQnQ w#bR an~qmw~ apQ qEtR@vmR.

lAk`@v| pYj`wn~wYv`q@y~ s`r\}kw~vy, @q~Xp`lnZyn~@g~ qk; vQck~;Nw`vlt vd` ovRn~@g~ h#sQrWm| rt`vn~ h` crQwq mw r[` pvwQn vg @n`kQvmn`y. is~sr nm| @q~Xp`lnZyn~t mhjny` @l`kO gr# s#lkQl~lk~ q$k~vR nmRw~ q$n~ ewrm| gNn~ @n`gn~@n~ ovRn~ h#sQ@rn ktyRwO krn a`k`ry g#n klkQrWmk~ ht@gn a#wQ @hyQnQ.

vQml~ vWr@s~kr

 

 

 

 
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            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v