nQqhs~ a{&`pn@y~ pQy` 1947 m#wQvrN@y~qW
"mwOgm"asR@nn~ p#rqE@N~ a#yQ

@q~Xp`ln iwQh`sy vQmr\Xny krn vQt @q~Xp`ln nQrWk;kyn~ mvQw@yn~ mvQwyt pw~ kL v#qgw~ sQq~{Wn~ 2 k~ mh bQYw`n&@y~ h` XWY lAk`@v| sQqEvQNQ. mh` bQYw`n&@y~ ey sQqE vR@y~ 1945 qW nQm#vRNR @qvn @l`~k mh` yRq~{y avsn~ vW@mn~ psR p#v#w~vR pLmRvn mh` m#wQvrN@y~qWy. sQq~{Qy vR@y~ @l`~k yRq~{@yn~ p#sQs~tQv`qW hQtQlr\ pQl pr`jyt pw~ krmQn~ bQYw`n&yt @X~Y;~T jygYhNyk~ lb`qEn~ agY`m`w& {Rry h` "@k`n~sr\@v|tQv|" pk;@y~ n`ykw~vy q#r$ "vQn~sn~tQ cr\cQl~" @g~ a`N~dRv an~w pr`jyt pw~vW bQYw`n&@y~ "km|kr# pk;yt" vQXQ;~t jygYhNyk~ l#bWmy. XWY lAk`@v| em sQq~{Qy vR@y~ 1947 mh` m#wQvrN@y~qWy. sQq~{Qy vn~@n~ @m| r@tQ b`l`AX@y~ sQt vQX~vvQq&`ly qk~v` nQqhs~ a{&`pny lb`qWm. 5 XQ;&w~vy a`r\m|x kQrWm, s$m m#wQvrN @k`tQT`syktm m{& mh` vQqEhlk~ a#wQ kQrWm, sQylEm jn @k`ts~vlt sm a{&`pn avX&w` lb`qWm, a`qW a{&`pn @k;~wY@y~ mh` vQp~lvyk~ kL jnw`v@g~ a`qryt h` @g_rvyt p`wY vRNR sW. db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr nm| @X~Y~;~T pRq~gly` wmn~ wrg kL "mwOgm" asRnQn~ pr`jyt pw~ vWmy.

1945 qW @qvn @l`~k yRq~{y avsn~vW@mn~ psR bQYw`n&@y~ p#v#w~vR mh` m#wQvrN@y~qW p`lk "@k`n~sr\@v|tQv|" pk;y pr`jyvWmt @h~wO vR@y~ mh` bQYw`n&yt vQXQ;~t @ls yRqmy jygYhNyk~ lb` qEn~nw~ ytw~ vQjQw @k`l~l k` @gn nQqhs @n`qW p`lny krn~nt y`m nQs` bQYw`n&@y~ vQX`l {n sm|x`ryk~ v#y kQrWmt sQqEvWmy. ekl XWY lAk`@v| sQtQ "lAk` smsm`j pk;yt" ayw~ m`k~s~v`qW n`yk@y`~ @qvn @l`~k mh` yRq~{y h#[Qn~vR@y~ mh` bQYw`n&y h` jr\mnQy awr pvwQn ytw~ vQjQw @k`l~lk` g#nWm s[h` pvw~vn yRq~{yk~ @lsy. @m| nQs`m @qvn @l`~k mh` yRq~{@y~qW XWY lAk`@v| l. s. s. pk;yt ayw~ @tY`tQs~kQv`qW n`yk@y`~ mh` bQYw`n&yt vQr#q~{v n#MW sQtQyh. ytw~ vQjQwvlt nQqhs lb`qWmt "@k`n~sr\@v|tQv|" pk;y m#LQ vQy. @qvn @l`~k mh` yRq~{@nw~ bQYw`n&y jy gw~ww~ a`r\}Qk vX@yn~ rt pYp`wyt v#tW wQbRNQ. @mm k`rNy nQs` em m#wQvrN@y~qW bQYw`n&@y~ jnw`v @k`n~sr\@v|tQv| pk;y pr`jy kr km|kr# pk;y blyt pw~ kLh. in~qQy`v, lAk`v a#wOU bQYw`n&@y~ ytw~ vQjQwvlt nQqhs uq` vR@y~ bQYw`n&@y~ km|kr# pk;y blyt pw~ vW sQtQ nQs`y.

XWY lAk`@v| kn~nn~gr mhw`@g~ pr`jy vQX~my jnk vRvq It p`qk vR kr#NR g#n vQmsn vQt pRqEmyt pw~ vWmt k`rNyk~ @n`vn bv @m| lQpQy anRv @pn~nRm| @k@r\. 1947 m#wQvrN@y~ "mwOgm" a`sn@y~ Cn~q pYwQPly anRv s~v`{Wnv wrg kL jygY`hk vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw` Cn~q 19753 k~ q, ek~sw~ j`wQk pk;@yn~ wrg kL sW. db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr mhw` Cn~q 16139 k~ q s~v`{Wnv wrg kL wvw~ a@p~k;k@yk~ vR @r`btQ mRNsQAh mhw` Cn~q 1091 k~ q lb`@gn wQbRNQ. @m| anRv kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy vW wQbR@N~ Cn~q 3614 kQnQ.

kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy vWmt pY{`n @h~wOvk~ vR@y~ ek~sw~ j`wQk pk;@y~ sm|pRr\N sh@y`~gy e~ mhw`t @n`l#bWmy. kn~nn~gr mhw` nQqhs~ a{&`pn pnw iqQrQpw~ krn vQt wQbR@N~ @d`n@m`~r\ a`N~dRkYmy yt@w~ kQYy`w~mk vRNR vQ{`yk k`rk sx` kYmyyQ. ekW k`rk sx`@v| sx`pwQvry` a#m#wQ @ls nm| @kr#N ekW kYmy yt@w~ a#m#wQvr#n~ aw ewrm| qErt s`mRhQk vgkWmk~ qk~nt @n`l#bRNQ. a#m#wQvr#n~ ktyRwO k@L~ @p_q~glQkv jnpQYy vW@m| mtQtmQn~y. kn~nn~gr mhw` nQqhs~ a{&`pn pnw r`j& mn~wYN sx`vt iqQrQpw~ kQrWm s[h` sRq`nm| vR vQt ek~ a#m#wQvrykO kQy` sQtQ@y~ an`gw@y~qW @p`l~ ghkt y`mtvw~ @k`l~@lkO @s`y` g#nWm aphsR vn bvy. @k@s~ vRvw~ nQqhs~ a{&`pny a#wOU a{&`pn @y`~jn` kQYy`w~mk vR@y~ kn~nn~gr mhw`@g~ q#dQ uw~s`hy k#pvWm h` unn~qEv nQs`y.

1947 m#wQvrN@y~qW kn~nn~gr mhw` ej`p pk;@yn~ "mwOgm" a`sny wrg krn vQt ohR ayw~v sQtQ@y~ pk;@y~ n`ykv sQtQ dW. a#s~. @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ kN~d`ymt @n`@v|. ayw~v sQtQ@y~ qQvAgw agm#wQ a#s~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ kN~d`ymty. kn~nn~gr mhw` q bN~d`rn`yk mhw` @g`dng`@gn wQbRNR "sQAhl mh` sx`@v|" pYblykO @ls kQYy` k@L~y. @m| nQs`m dW. a#s~. @s~n`n`yk mhw` "mwOgm" a`sn@y~ e. j`. pk;@y~ rFs~vWm|vlt shx`gQ vR@y~ n#w. ej`pk;yt l#qQv sQtQ ekl "mwOgm" a`sn@y~ pYblykO vR v#lQp#n~@n~ vQl~mtQ jy@nw~wQ mhw` q v#d k@L~ kn~nn~gr mhw`t vQr#q~{vy. ohR kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy kL a@p~k;ky`@g~ pYbl a`{`rkr#v` @ls sQtQ@y~y. mwOgm a`sn@y~ sQtQ ej`p@y~ smhr ayt kn~nn~gr mhw` jygYhNy krvW@m| uvmn`vk~ wQbR@N~ n#w. @m| anRv bln vQt "mwOgm" a`sny wOL ej`p pk;@y~ sm|pRr\N sh`y kn~nn~gr mhw`t @n`l#bRNR bv @p@n~.

kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy vWmt blp$ wvw~ @h~wOvk~ vR@y~ ekl kUwr qQs~wQYk~k@y~ @q~Xp`ln ww~w~vyyQ. ekW vkv`nRv wOL kUwr qQs~wQYk~kyt "kUwr", "p`nqEr, mwOgm" , @h`rN, aglvw~w yn Cn~q @k`tQT`X 5 a#wOLw~ vW wQbQNQ. kUwr qQs~wQYk~ky v#dQ vX@yn~ ej`p vQ@r`~{Qy. @k~vl @k`tQT`s kYmy yt@w~ wQbRNR m#wQvrN vlQn~ @mm qQs~wQYk~k@yn~ ej` pk;yt vQXQ;~t jygYhNyk~ l#bR@N~ 1977 m#wQvrN @y~qW pmNy. It @h~wOv em m#wQvrN@y~qW e.j`.p pk;yt pk;v vQX`l rFl~lk~ wQbWmy. nmRw~ anQkOw~ m#wQvrNvlqW e@s~ sQqE@n`vWy. 1947 m#wQvrNy vnvQt kUwr qQs~wQYk~ky vQX`l @ls vmt br vW wQbRNQ. e~ nQs`m kUwr qQs~wQYk~k@yn~ em m#wQvrN@y~qW e. j`. pk;yt l#bR@N~ "@h`rN" a`sny pmNQ. "@h`rN" a`sn@y~ wQbR@N wOn~@k`n~ stnkQ. em asR@n~ Cn~q pYwQPly anRv e. j`. pk;@y~ a@p~k;k e~. pW . jysRrQy mhw` Cn~q 15828 k~ q, lAk` sm sm`j pk;@y~ a@p~k;k a#m|. tW. pWrQs~ mhw` Cn~q 15163 k~ q, @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;@y~ a@p~k;k ang`rQk {r\mpQYy mhw` Cn~q 3187 k~q lb`@gn wQbRNQ. e. j`. pk;y jygYhNy k@L~ Cn~q 665 k~ v#nQ sRU Cn~q pYm`NykQnQ. @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;@y~ a@p~k;ky` iqQrQpw~ @n`vR@y~ nm| "@h`rN" a`sn@yn~ ej` pk;y s~}Qrvm pr`jy vn~@n~y. 1947 m#wQvrN@y~qW aglvw~@w~ a`sny lAk` sm sm`j pk;ytq "kUwr" h` "p`nqEr" a`sn @b`~l~@;~vQk~ @lnQnQs~tQ pk;yt q hQmQ vW wQbRNQ. @m| anRv bln vQt em m#wQvrN@y~qW kUwr qQs~wQYk~ky wOL vmt v#dQ blyk~ wQbRNR bv @p@n~. mwOgm a`sn@yn~ kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy vWmt em v`m`AXQk bly @h~wO vRNR bv @pnW yyQ.

kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy vWmt p`qk vRNR ILM k`rNy vR@y~ "mwOgm" a`sny ej`p vQ@r`~{W a`snyk~ vWmy. sm`nRp`wQk Cn~q kYmy kQYy`w~mk vWmt @pr wQbRNR m#wQvrN pQLQb[v vQmsn vQt mwOgm asRn e. j`. pk;y jygYhNy kr wQbR@N~ 1977 m#wQvrN@y~qW pmNy. anQkOw~ sQylEm m#wQvrNvlqW mwOgm a`sny ej`pyt l#bR@N~ n#w. 1952 m#wQvrN@y~qW dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ n`ykw~vy yt@w~ ej`p pk;yt vQX`l jygYhNyk~ l#bRNw~ "mwOgm" a`sny ej`pyt hQmQ vR@y~ n#w. em m#wQvrN@y~qW "mwOgm" t ej`p@yn~ wrg kL qQvAgw llQw~ a#wOLw~ mRqlQ a#m#wQwOm`@g~ pQy`Nn~ vR dW. dW. a#wOLw~mRqlQ mhw` pr`jy vRNQ. 1956 m#wQvrN@y~qW mwOgm a`sn@yn~ ej`pyt p#rqE@n~ Cn~q 19609 kQnQ. 1960 m`r\wO, 1960 jRlQ mh m#wQvrNvlqW mwOgm a`snyt wrg kL ej`p a@p~k;k@y`~ pr`jyt pw~ vRh. @m| nQs`m ej` pk;y pr`jyt pw~vn nQs` 1965 h` 1970 yn m#wQvrNvlqW mwOgm a`snyt ej` pk;@yn~ wrg k@L~ n#w.eb#vQn~ ej` pk;@y~ sh@y`~gy a#wQv em m#wQvrNvlqW mwOgm wrg kQrWmt pQlQp~ gONvr\{n mhw`@g~ n`ykw~v@yn~ yRw~ mhjn ek~sw~ @prmRNt id qW wQbRNQ. e~ anRv m e @prmR@Nn~ 1965 m#wQvrN@y~qW mwOgm a`snyt bn~qEl jysQAh mhw`w~ 1970 m#wQvrN@y~qW @rjQ@n`~l~d| vQ@j~gONrw~n mhw`w~ wrg kL nmRw~ vQX`l Cn~q sAK&`vkQn~ pr`jyt pw~vRh.

epmNk~ @n`v 1988 @qs#m|br\ ms p#v#w~vWmt @yqENR jnmw vQc`rN Cn~q@yn~q "mwOgm" a`sn@yn~ ej`p rjy pr`jy vW wQbRNQ. enm| rjyt ayw~v wQbRNR l`m|pRv" lkON pr`jy vW jygYhNy kr wQbR@N~ "kLy" lkONyQ. @m| nQs`m ekl jn`{QpwQv sQtQ @j~. a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` lb`gw~ mn~wWYvr#n~@g~ il~l` as~vW@m| lQyRm| anRv 1983:05:18 qQn mwOgm a`sny @vnR@vn~ q awOr# m#wQvrNyk~ p#v#w~vRnQ. e~ avs~}`@v|qW mwOgm a`snyt ej` pk;@yn~ wrg kL @rjQ@n`~l~d| vQ@j~gONrw~n mhw` pr`jyvW jygYhNy k@L~ XWY lAk` nQqhs~ pk;@yn~ wrg kL anQl~ mRNsQAh mhw`y. @m| anRv bln kL @k~vl Cn~q @k`tQT`s kYmy p#vwONR m#wQvrN prWk;` kQrW@m|qW 1977 m#wQvrNy h#r kQsQm m#wQvrNykqW mwOgm a`sny ej`pk;yt hQmQ @n`vWy. e~ nQs`m mwOgm a`sn@y~ wQbRNR yR. a#n~. pW. vQ@r`~{W bvq kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy vWmt ek~ @h~wOvk~ vW a#w.

kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy vWmt wvw~ pY{`n @h~wOvk~ vR@y~ pYwQv`qW a@p~k;ky` iw` qk; pYbl pRq~glykO vWmy. enm| @h`rN XWY p`lQ vQqEh@l~ nQr\m`w^vry` vR vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw`y. ohR lAk` smsm`j pk;yt hQwvw~ vmt n#BRr# pYgwQXWlQ a@p~k;k@yk~ vR@y~y. l. s. s. pk;@y~ a`rm|xk s`m`jQkykO vR e~ mhw` kl`kr#vkO idm| hQmQ v#vQlQkr#vkO @s_n~qr\y`w~mk vQ;@yhQ nQpRN a{&`pnZykO h` sm`j @s~vkykO @ls pYktv sQtQ@y~y. mwOgm a`snyt kn~nn~gr mhw` smg h#p~@pn~nt wrm| Xk~wQyk~ a#wQ ekm pRq~gly` mQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw` bv ej`p vQ@r`~{WhR aqhs~ kLh. e~ nQs`m vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw` s~v`{Wn a@p~k;kykO @ls mwOgm wrgyt iqQrQpw~ vQy. v@m| pk;vlQn~ a@p~k;kyn~ iqQrQpw~ @n`kL nQs` ehQ sh`yq ohRt l#bRNQ. e~ anRv bln kl kn~nn~gr mhw`@g~ pr`jyt v#qgw~ @h~wOvk~ vR@y~ pYwQv`qW a@p~k;ky` pYbl pRq~glykO vWm bv @pn~nRm| kL h#k.

e@mn~m mwOgm a`sny wOL v#vQlQ kr\m`n~wy qQyRNRv wQbRNR nQs` pqQAcQv sQtQ in~qQy`nR qYvQd km|kr#vn~@g~ Cn~q wQbRNQ. ekl wQbR "lAk` in~qQy`nR sAgmy" nm| @q~Xp`ln pk;y ej`pk;yt vQr#q~{ vRvw~ nQqh@s~ a{&`pny nQs` kn~nn~gr mhw`t k#m#wQ vQy. e~nQs`m mwOgm a`snyt "lAk` in~qQy`nR sAgm@yn~" a@p~k;k@yk~ iqQrQpw~ k@L~ n#w. nmRw~ vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw` q in~qQy`nR qYvQd vQ@r`~{Q@yk~ @n`vWy. 1949 qW in~qQy`nR qYvQd j`wQkyn~@g~ Cn~q bly a@h`~sQ kQrWmt ej`p rjy @gn a` in~qQy`nR pRrv#sQ pnwt vQr#q~{v vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw` Cn~qy p`vQc|cQ k@l~ e~ nQs`y. wvq ohR kQsQm vQtk j`wQv`qQykO @n`vWy. 1956 qW pv` sQAhl x`;`v pmNk~ r`j& x`;`v kQrWmt ohR ekM @n`vWy. ohR ekM vR@y~ sQAhl h` qYvQd yn x`;` @qkm r`j& x`;`vk~ bvt pw~ kQrWmty. @k@s~ @vww~ 1947 m#wQvrNy vn vQt q vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw` in~qQy`nR qYvQd vQ@r`~{Q@yk~ @ls @n`sQtQ@y~y. @m| nQs`m kn~nn~gr mhw`t in~qQy`nR qYvQd Cn~qvlQn~ vQX`lm v`sQyk~ sQqE @n`vWy.

kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jy vWmt blp$ pY{`n @h~wO s`{k @ls @mkW kr#NR @pn~vQy h#k. @mkW @h~wO s`{kvlt amwrv pYvWN pwY kl`@v|qWykO h` gw~kwOvrykO vR n#sWgQy gONq`s lQyn@g~ mhw` lQyR sQrQkw h` vQl~mtQ" yn gYn~}@y~ ek~ kr#Nk~ g#n s[hn~ krn~@n~ p`Tky`@g~ q#n g#nWm pQNQsy. em @p`@w~ s[hn~ prQqQ vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw`@g~ Cn~q lkON vW a#w~@w~ "a#w`" lkONy. em lkON psR k`l@y~ ej`pk;@y~ s~}Qrvm nQl slkON bvt pw~vQy. "jy gn~n` a#w`" nmQn~ vQX`l vX@yn~ @bq` h#r#NR kvQ pwQYk`v vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw`@g~ jygYhNyt @l`kO r#kOlk~ vR bv em @p`@w~ s[hn~ @vyQ.

sms~wyk~ @ls vQgYh kr bln vQt 1947 m#wQvrN@y~qW mwOgm a`sn@yn~ ej`p a@p~k;k sW, db|lQv|. db|lQv|. kn~nn~gr mhw` pr`jyvW s~v`{Wn a@p~k;k vQl~mtQ e~. @p@r\r` mhw` jygYhNy kQrWmt blp`n lq @h~wO s`{k wOLQn~ pYwQPly g#n pRqEmytpw~ @n`vQy yRwO bv @pn~nRm| kL h#k.

nn~ql`l~ v`kQ;~t

 

 
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