jnrj pY}m jnpwQ vQlQym| @g`pl~lv

kn~q udrtt smWp qEl~l$v g@m| qEl~l$v vlv|@v| tQkQrQ kOm`rQ h`mQt sh kOr#N$gl qQs~wQYk~k@y~ @g`krFl~lt nRqEr# @g`pl~lv g@m| tQkQrQ bN~d` @g`pl~lv srN mAgl&@yn~ psR 1897 s#p~w#m|br\ 17 q` vQlym| @g`pl~lv qr#v`@g~ upw sQqEvQNQ. kOd` vQlQym| kpR@k`tR@v| pn~s@l~ @l`kO h`mRqEr#vn~@gn~ mRlQn~m akOr# kQyv` qEl~l$v p`s@l~ mRlQk a{&`pny h#q#rWy. psRv wOn~vn k#l#sQ@y~ sQt i@gnRm s[h` mhnRvr g#t@B| kQYs~wQy`nQ vQqEhlt a#wOl~vW psRv {r\mr`j vQqEh@l~ a{&`pny lb` 1917 qW X`n~w an~@w`~nQ vQqEh@ln~ @k~m|bQYj~ sWnQyr\ vQx`gy smw~ vR@y~y. ik~bQwQ m`w@l~ @b_q~{ p`s@l~ gOr#vrykO @lsq @s~vy k@L~y. e~ vn vQt vQlQym| @g`pl~lvt vys avRr#qE 23 kQ. gOr# v^w~wQ@yn~ ayQn~vW @k`LB alEw~k@d| nWwQ vQq&`lyt a#wOl~vW 1924 qW nWwQZ vQx`gy smw~ kr, m`w@l~ us`vQ@y~ nWwQZykO @ls ktyRwO k@L~y.

psRv @q~Xp`lnyt pQvQsQ vQlQym| m`w@l~ pL`w~ a`N~dR sx`@v| sxQk@ykO vW psRv ehQ sx`pwQ vX@yn~q pQqEm| l#bWy. evkt lAk`@v| l`b`lm pL`w~ a`N~dR sx`pwQvry` ohR vQy. psRv 1936 qW @qv#nQ r`j& mn~wYN sx`vt m`w@l~ asRn @vnR@vn~ wrg kLq jy g#nWm aphsR vQy. jy l#bR@y~ alEvQh`@r\ mhw`y. m`w@l~ asR@nn~ pr`jyt pw~vR vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw`t mhnRvr n`grQk @k`ms`rQs~ wnwOr @hbvWmt vrm| l#bQNQ. psRv @k`LB ngr sx`@v| n`grQk @k`ms`rQs~ wnwOrq hQmQvQy. e~ 1951 vr\;@y~y. 1953 qW hr\w`l~ klbl a#wQvWm nQs` hqQsQ nWwQy yt@w~, @k`LB ngr p`lny vQ{Qmw~v kr@gn y$mt smw~ vQy. @k`LB ngr sx`@v| @k`ms`rQs~vry` @ls vr\; 6 k~ @s~vy kr yLQ m`w@l~t @g`s~ nWwQZ v^w~wQ@y~ nQy#lE@N~y.

es~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ r`j& p`ln sm@y~qW vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw`t 1958 qW cWn@y~ w`n`pwQ wnwOr l#bQNQ. e~ vn vQt lAk`@v| shl~ hQMyk~ p#vwON nQs` cWn agm#wQ @c_ en~l`yQ mhw`@g~ sh@y`~g@yn~ h`l~ @t`n~ 40,000 k~ adR mRqlt lb` g#nWmt @g`pl~lv w`n`pwQvry` smw~vQy. cWn@y~ pWkQA nRvr lAk` w`n`pwQ vX@yn~ @s~vy kr psRv r#sQy`@v| @m`s~kv| nRvr lAk` w`n`pwQ @ls pw~vWmk~ l#bWmt on~n @mn~n kQy` wQbQyqW ey hqQsQ@y~ @vns~vW a#mrQk` ek~sw~ jnpq@y~ @v`;Qn~tn~ nRvr lAk` w`n`pwQ @lst v#d b`r g#nWmt sQqEvQy. 1961 s#p~w#m|br\ 07 q` vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw` {vl mn~qQr@y~qW @j`~n~ @kndQ jn`{QpwQvry` mRN g#sW ak~w pwY b`rqWm sQqE@krQNQ. 1962 vn vQt evkt sQtQ a`N~dRk`r sr\ olQvr\ gONwQlk mhw` @vnRvt vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw` a`N~dRk`r {Rryt pw~ kQrWmt sQrQm`@v`~ bN~d`rn`yk m#wQnQy ktyRwO krmQn~ sQtQy`y. @k@s~ nmRw~ 1962 m`r\wO 02 q` sQt vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw` lAk`@v| a`N~dRk`rvry` vX@yn~ pw~vWm| l#bWy.

psRv cQr`gw sm|pYq`yt anRv nv agY`N~dRk`rvry` mhnRvr qLq` m`lQg`vt @g`s~ v#[ pRq` psRv @k`LBt p#mQN alEw~ wnwO@r\ v#d x`r gw~@w~y. nv agY`N~dRk`r wnwO@r\ v#d x`r g#nW@mn~ psR @mwOm` pY}m@yn~m iqQrQpw~ vR@y~ k;y @r`~g mr\qn v&`p`r@y~ rFs~vWmtky.

vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw`@g~ agY`N~dRk`r p`ln k`l@y~qW 1965 p#v#wQ 06 vn p`r\lQ@m|n~wO m#wQvrN@yn~ ek~sw~ j`wQk pk;yt v#dQ a`sn gNnk~ hQmQ vR@y~y. ej`p n`yk dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` rj@gqrt p#mQN @g`pl~lv agY`N~dRk`rvry` hmRvWy. wm`t a`N~dRvk~ pQhQtRvWmt pYm`Nvw~ a`sn sAK&`vk~ (mn~wWYvr#n~) hQmQvWm g#n s`kc|C` p#v#w~vWy. tQk @v|l`vkQn~ agm#wQnQ sQrQm`@v`~ bN~d`rn`yk m#wQnQyq rj@gqrt p#mQNQy`y. ehQqW sQrQm`@v`~ m#wQnQy agm#wQ wnwO@r\ il~l` as~vW@m| lQpQy b`rqWmt v`cQkv ekMvW rj@gqrQn~ nQk~m gQy`y. e@hw~ a`N~dRv qQgtm bl@y~ sQtWmt w#w~ krn vgk~ gm& vQy. hR@qk~ e~ agm#wQnQy vt` sQtQ a#w#m| @q~Xp`lnZyn~@g~ aqhs~ nQs`y. m#wQvrNy avsn~vW qQn 04 k~ ikOw~v wQbQyqWw~ alEw~ a`N~dRvk~ pQhQtRvW@m| idkd a#hQrW wQbQNQ. dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` yLQw~ rj@gqrt @g`s~ agY`N~dRk`r vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw` mRN g#sRNQ. wm`t p`r\lQ@m|n~wO mn~wWYvr#n~ 90 k~ sQtQn vgw~ sQrQm`@v`~ bN~d`rn`yk m#wQnQyt mn~wWYvr#n~ 57 k~ sQtQn vgw~ @hLQkrn lqEv vQlQym| @g`pl~lv agY`N~dRk`rvry`t apk;p`wW wWrNyk~ g#nWmt sQqEvQy. @mhQqW agY`N~dRk`rvry` dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`t a`N~dRvk~ pQhQtRvn @lst qn~v` sQtQ@y~y.

1965 dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ a`N~dR sm@y~qW vRv agY`N~dRk`r {Rr@y~ @vnsk~ sQqE@n`kQrWm, dd|lQ agm#wQvry` ktyRwO kL vg @p@n~. hR@qk~ e@s~ vR@y~ vQlQym| @g`pl~lv agY`N~dRk`rvry` wm @s~vy apk;p`wWv kQrWm nQs`@vnQ. 1970 mh m#wQvrN@yn~ pr`jyt pw~ dd|lQ rjy, wm` agm#wQ wnwOrQn~ il~l` as~vW@m| lQpQy hnQk @g`pl~lv agY`N~dRk`vry` @vw x`r qEn~@n~y. yLQ blyt pw~vR@N~ sQrQm` bN~d`rn`yk m#wQnQyyQ.

1972 m#yQ 22 q` nv jnrj pnw p`r\lQ@m|n~wO@v|qW sm|mw kr g#nW@mn~ psR jnrj@y~ pY}m jn`{QpwQvry` @ls vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw` v#d x`r gw~@w~y. jn`{QpwQ{Rr k`ly vr\; 4 k~ vWm nQs` 1976 m#yQ 22 q`yQn~ nv jnrj jn`{QpwQvrykO pw~ kL yRwO vRvw~ @g`pl~lv mhw`@g~ @s~v` k`ly wvw~ vr\; 04 kt qWr\G @kr#NQ.

1977 mh m#wQvrN@yn~ ej`p@yn~ @j~. a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` vQXQ;~t jyk~ l#b agm#wQ vR@y~y. @mm m#wQvrN@y~ avs`n Cn~q pYwQPly pYk`Xyt pw~ vR@y~ jRlQ ms 23 q` @prvr# 9.15 ty. e~ nRvreLQy ms~ @kLQy a`sny @vnR@vnQ. @mm pYwQPly nQkOw~ vWmw~ smg @j~. a`r\. jyvr\{n mhw` jn`{QpwQvry` iqQrQ@y~ qQvRr#m| qW agY`m`w& wnwO@r\ v#d x`r gw~@w~y.

@g`pl~lv mhw`@g~ p`ln k`l sWm`@v|qW XWY lAk`@v| m#wQvrN wOnk~ pQLQ@vLQn~ 1965, 1970 sh 1977 vr\;vlqW pvw~v` wQ@b|. @mm m#wQvrNvlqW klQn~ bl@y~ sQtQ a`N~dR @prLW gQyq vQlQym| @g`pl~lv mhw`@g~ wnwOrt in~ kQsQqE b`{`vk~ @n`vWy. gOr#vr@ykO, nWwQZykO, pL`w~ a`N~dR sx`pwQ, n`grQk @k`ms`rQs~vrykO, w`n`pwQ, a`N~dRk`r wnwOr# h` jnrj jn`{QpwQ wnwOr# wrm| uss~ nQlwl q$rWmt vQlQym| @g`pl~lv @g`krFl~@ln~ e~m vQX~mQwy. m`nv hQwv`qW apk;p`wW pRq~glykO @ls vQlQym| @g`pl~lvyn~ h[En~v` qQy h#k~@k~y.

mWrQgm a`r\. a#m|. tW. bW. rw~n`yk

 

 
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