sQAh@l~ nv rjR y#yQ kQyR @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d`
iAgWYsWn~t asRvR@y~ @m@s~y!

m`w@l~ k#rFl~@l~qW sQAh@l~ axQnv rjR h#tQyt k#rFlQkr#vn~ vQsQn~ @w`~r` gn~n` lq @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d` al~l` g#nWm s[h`, evk iAgWYsQ a`N~dR@v| hmRq` aN @qn nQl{`rQykO vR lEwQnn~ kr\nl~ tW. e~. @dY_tQ vQsQn~ ohR pQLQb[ vQs~wryk~ a#wOLw~ vQ@X~; nQ@v|qnyk~ nQkOw~krn lq awr "m`w@l~ k#rFl~l : 1848" gYn~}@y~ e~ pQLQb[v s[hn~v a#w.

em nQ@v|qnyt anRv, @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d`, mhnRvr r`jsQAh rjR@gn~ p#v#@wn~@nk#yQ kQywQ. ohR phwrt sQAhlykO y#yQ q kw`vk~ @m| awr p#vwQNQ. ohR@g~ mv udrt k`n~w`vk#yQ kQyn awr @vl~ls~@s~ k#rFl~lt h` udrt k#rFl~lt q ohR sm|bn~{y. 1843 qW ohRt vQr#q~{v p#v#wQ r`j@qY`~hW ndRvk~ vQx`g kL bqEl~@l~ qQs~wQYk~ us`vQy, ndR@vn~ ohR nQqhs~ @k`t a#w. m`w@l~ k#rFl~lt @pr @h@wm @q`wpRl~l, pQhnr`L nm#wQ aykO@g~ nQv@s~, sQy bQrQ[ h` smg n#vwW sQt @vqr`L @knkO vX@yn~ ktyRwO @k`t a#w. bqEvlt vQr#q~{v mQnQsRn~ n#MW sQtQ avs~}`vk, ovRn~@g~ n`yky` vX@yn~ ktyRwO kr a#w~@w~ q ohRy.

mhnRvr n#vwW sQtQyqW, ohR n#vwO@N~ qLq` m`LQg`@v|y. ohRt a`h`rp`n spy` a#w~@w~ ehQ xQk;Rn~ vhn~@s~l` vQsQnQ. ohR vt` rFs~ vR @snM mhnRvr h#r gQy psR ohR qAhgl~l nm#wQ k#l$@v| qQnk~ gw @k`t a#w. udrFtQyn~ eqQn ohRt gr#sr# qk~v` a#w~@w~ wm rjR vX@ynQ. mhnRvrQn~ qBRl~lt gQy @h@wm ehQ n#vwW sQtQ@y~q vnyky. @g`lh#l r@tQ mhw~wy` vQsQn~ avQ gw~ mQnQsRn~ pQrQsk~ ohR @vw yv` a#w. e~ ay @h@wm qhyt mq~qgl~hQn~n nm| vn@y~ gl~@lnkt k#[v`@gn @g`s~ a#w. ehQqW ohRt ek~v a#w~@w~ mh nQL@m@g~ anRg`mQkyn~ 400 @qnkOt v#dQ pQrQskQ. avQ aw#wQv sQtQ ovRn~ a`h`rp`nq @gn @g`s~ a#w.

pq~@qma`rc|cQ nmQn~ h#[Qn~vRNR @knkO p#mQNQ qQnk, @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d`@g~ nQymyk~ anRv iMOr#vw~@w~ bN~d` nm#wQ @knkO @g`lh#l r@tQ mhw~wy`t wl~pwk~ lQymQn~, an~ sQylE @q~vl~ evR prQqQ, wmn~t a#[Em| @n`evR@y~ mn~q#yQ vQms` a#w. e~ anRv, vQvQ{ vs~wY`xrN q smg pQLQwOrk~ y#vR r@tQ mhw~wy`, e~v` evnR lbn~@n~ blkdRv psR krn @wk~ pmNk~ bvw~, ehQqW, rjRn~ ps~@qnkOt s$@hn a#[Em| q rF@gn mh nQL@m| h` smg ohR hmRvn bvw~ qn~v` pQLQwOrk~ yv` a#w. It psR qQn, @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d`, avQgw~ pQrQsk~ h` smg qBRlE vQh`ryt @g`sQnQ.

mMOl~ kdRv pL[v` ohR mhnRvr rjR @mn~ pYk`X @k`t a#w~@w~ eqQn @prvr# 11.30 t y. @vdQ mRr p#v#w~vWmt h` uw~sv p#v#w~vWmt q psR qQn u@q~ vr#@v| em @snM gl mwt @g`sQnQQ. ew#nt pl~l#k~kQyk~q @gn#vQw~ a#w. @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d`w~ ohR@g~ anRg`mQkynRw~ ew#nQn~ pL`pw~vlt @g`s~, eqQn r`wQYy ehQ gw @k`t a#w. pl~l#k~kQ@yn~ v`rQy@p`lt ohR LM` vW a#w~@w~, sQkOr`q` qQnyky. anRg`mQkyn~ hwr@qnkO h` smM eqQn r`wWY @h@wm qEm|@b`r\ko|vl (qEBR@k`l vQy h#kQy), a#tQ@tpRl~l (a#tQ@p`L @h`~ a#l~@l~@p`L @h`~ vQy h#kQy). bN~d`@g~ nQvst @g`s~ a#w.

wm yRq @snM r[v` wb` a#w~@w~, wm agm#wQ phl~lE@vy@r @v`A@g`d s`mQ x`r@y~y.

(ohR e~ vnvQt qBRl~@l~ v`sy kL bv q yt kW nQ@v|qn@y~ s[hn~ y). v`rQy@p`lqW klhyk~ sQqEv a#wQ awr It psR, @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d` anRg`mQkyn~ kWp@qnkO h` smg a#lQyqRv (a#l~kdRv vQy h#kQy) k#l$vt @g`sQnQ. (psR avs~}`vk ohR al~l` @gn a#w~@w~ ehQqWy.) qQnk~, @qkk~ pmN ohR ehQ nwrv sQt a#w. qEl~l$@v| mh nQL@m@gn~ wl~pwk~ h` a`h`r p`nq l#bR@Nn~, vh` pQtw~v kOr#N$gl bl` @g`sQnQ. kl~ wb` ohR ehQ p#mQN a#w~@w~, @b`~kr\a`rc|cQ nm#wQ @knkO h` smM ek~v @qv#nQ pYh`ry s[h` y.

m`w@l~qW ndR as` mrN qN~dny nQym @kr#NR hwr@qn`@gn~ @knkO vR@y~ @b`~kr\a`rc|cQy. @qv#nQ pYh`r@y~qW q @h@wm pr`jyt pw~v qBRl~l bl` @g`s~ a#ww~, kQsQym| @h~wOvk~ nQs`, vLknR l#b, mdvl, ul~@p`w k#l$vt v#qW a#w. iAgWYsQ @s`l~q`qEvn~ qBRl~l h#r y$m mw, ohRt idkdk~ l#bWm nQs`, e~ avs~}`@vn~ pY@y`~jn gw~ @h@wm, p#rFNQ anRg`mQkyn~t ek~vWm s[h` qEm|br h` hMOrn~@kw bl` gmn~ gnQq~qW, @lnk sQtQn vQt aw~adAgOvt pw~v a#w.

@g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d` al~l`@gn wQ@bn~@n~, ohRt bw~m`lE s#pyR pRq~glykO qEn~ ow~wOvk~ anRvy.

l`AkQkyn~ @mn~ h#[ p#L[ gw~ j` xtyn~ hy @qnkO q, mRqlQvr#n~ @q@qnkO h` mRl`q$nQykO q smg em w#n#w~w` kpQwn~ @v`tQsn~ vQsQn~ aq`L s~}`nyt pQtw~ @k`t h#r a#wQ awr em w#n#w~w` @gn @g`s~ a#w~@w~ sRpRr#qE prQqQ a`h`rp`ny. r`wWY @g`m|mA v#tRNR psR @g`n~g`@l~ ohR @gn` a`h`rp`n gnQq~qW, ytkW pQrQs vQsQn~ al~l`@gn a#w. ehQqW, @h@wm ovRn~t phrqW g@l~ p#w~wkt n#M a#ww~, vh` phLt a#q bQm @hL` b#[, eq` r`wWY 9.00 t pmN m`w@l~t rF@gn @g`s~ a#w. ohR s#MvW sQtQ@y~ Gn k#l$v m#q pQhQtQ vQX`l gl~@lnk y#yQ kQywQ.

ohR al~l` gn~n` vQt, ek~ anRg`mQkykOt vd` ohR LM sQt n#w.

al~l` g#nW@mn~ anwOr#v nQqh@s~ pYk`Xyk~ krn~n ohRt id sls` a#ww~, wmn~ pQLQb[v kQsQvk~ @n`kQy` a#wQ @sykQ. qBRl~@l~qW @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d` rjR vX@yn~ pw~ krnR l#bR avs~}`@v|, sAGy` vhn~@s~l` ohR rjR vX@yn~ @w`~r`gw~ bvk~ @h`~ un~vhn~@s~l` wmn~t pQrQw~ @q~Xn` kL bvk~ @h`~ @ssR c`rQwY v`rQwY p#vwQ bvk~ @h`~ sm|pRr\N@yn~m n#w#yQ ohR pvs` a#w. e@s~ vRvq, ohR al~l` g#nW@mn~ anwOr#v, xQk;Rn~ vhn~@s~l`, ohRt mRNg#s~vR avs~}`@v| qBRl~@l~qW otRNR pL[vn lq pRq~gly` ohRm y#yQ un~vhn~@s~l` qQvRr` pYk`X @k`t a#w.

@g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d` al~l` g#nW@mn~ psR mhnRvr hQr@gqrt yvn lq~@q~, mhnRvr evk pQhQtRv` wQbRNR @X~Y;~T`{QkrNyk~ iqQrQ@y~ ndR vQx`gyk~ p#v#w~@vn @wk~y.

yt kW iAgWYsQ hmRq` nQl{`rQy` vR lEwQnn~ kr\nl~ @dY_tQ@g~ nQ@v|qnyt anRv, @g`n~g`@l~@g`d bN~d` @hvw~ alEym|@ln bN~d` @hvw~ qQ@ns~@g~ h#dhRr#km @m@s~y. us : adQ 5 aMl~ 5 1/2,

p#h#y: wleLU

a#s~ : l` qEBRr#,

hQs@ks~ : wq qEBRr#

udR rFvRl h` ytQ rFvRl : wq qEBRr#.

lkONR : vm| nLl @kLvr m[ k#Llk~.

vys : 40

kdvsm|, bRq~{Q sm|pn~n mRhRN.

vQml~ vWr@s~kr

 

 

 
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