kOmn~wYN@y~ p`dm| : 02 v#nQ @k`ts
@b|q amwk kr kOmn~wYNy bQ[ q$mQy yRwOy!


pWtr\ @knmn~

m` kOmn~wYNkr#vn~ adR@vn~ wk~@s~r# kL bv m` @mw#nt ek~ krn~nq? aw~ adAgOvt g#nWm| awr vQr`m k`lyk~ qWmtw~ ovRn~ sRq`nm|v sQtQ@y~ n#w. a`N~dRv sh vm yn @qpQrQsm aw~adAgOvt @gn sQr@k`t w#bWmt ovRn~ s#lsRm| kr wQbR@N~ ekm qv@s~y.

km|kr# pAwQy smM sn~{`ny @k@rhQ vR a`N~dR@v| v#rqQ pYwQpw~wQy sh ehQ anQtR vQp`kyk~ vX@yn~ sn~nq~{ hmRq` sh @p`lQsQy mw vQX~v`sy w#bWmt a`N~dRvt sQqEvWm kOmn~wYNkr#vn~ qQrQ g#n~vR @h~wOvlQn~ ekk~ vR bvt s#kyk~ n#w. m` @my kQyn~@n~ "mm obt e@s~ kW@vmQ" yn a#nRm| pq ar\}@yn~ @n`@v|. e~ s[h` pvwQn ww~w~vy iw`mw~ brpwly. m` @my kQyn~@n~ m$w sQqEvWm|vlQn~ ap sQyl~l nQv#rFqQ @q~Xp`ln nQgmnvlt eLBQy yRwO nQs`y.

@k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y vX@yn~ gw~ kL nRqEr# awWw@y~qW ap h` a`N~dRv awr kvr a`k`ryk mw@x~q wQbRNq, vr\wm`n@y~ kOmn @h`~ @vns~km| wQbQy h#kQ vRvq, @mm pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYNy kOdRptQtm| kr v#rqQkr#vn~t qVRvm| qWm s[h` qrnR lbn sQylE pYyw~nyn~ s[h` a`N~dRvt ap@g~ pRr\N h` @n`@b[ENR sh@y`~gy sm|pRr\N@yn~ m lb`@qn bv p#h#qQlQv s[hn~ kQrWmt mm k#m#w~@wmQ.

ap pk;y sm|bn~{@yn~ gw~ kl, @mm wWrN`w~mk sn~{Qs~}`n@y~qW @m| r@tQ s~v`{Wnw~vy kd`kp~pl~ @k`t jnw`v@g~ pYj`wn~wYv`qW ayQwQv`sQkm| h` jygYhNyn~ vQn`X kQrWm ilk~k @k`t gw~ @mm pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYNy pr`jy @k`t kOdRptQtm| kQrWm s[h` vR sms~w avX&w`v mRl~w#@nhQ l` nQk`yQk h` p`k;Qk mw@x~q @qv#nQ w#ntl` slkmQn~ sQylEm pYj`wn~wYv`qW sh pYgwQXWlW bl@v|g vh`m ek~sw~ vQy yRwO y#yQ apQ slkmR.

krn~nt gQy r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNy sh e~ h` sm|bn~{@yn~ a`N~dRv gw~ kYQy`m`r\g pQlQb[v @m| @m`@h`@w~ @mm sx`@vn~ pQtw pvwQn ww~w~vy gr# mn~wYWvr# qnQwQ. q^;~tQmy h` a@nkOw~ @k;~wYyn~hQ pYc`ryn~ wOL mRlQk pAwQ @pLg#sWmk~ h` pAwQ arglyk~ @m| @m`@h`@w~ qQyw~ @vmQn~ pvwW. vQ@X~;ykQn~ @w`rv, @m| r@tQ pYwQg`mW h` ihL pAwQvl bl@v|g sQyl~lm p`@h~ pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYNy h` e~ sm|bn~{@yn~ sQrx`ryt @gn sQtQn ay a`rk;` kQrWm s[h` vQvQ{`k`r@yn~ e~k`bq~{ @vmQn~ sQtQwQ. ihL pAwQ @p`qE jnw`vt vQr#q~{v rAcR g#@smQn~ sQtQwQ. j`wQ@y~ iqQrQ gmn @vnR@vn~ @pnW sQtQn~n` vR sQyl~ln~t vQr#q~{v j`wQ@qY`~hW @k`ts~ rAcR g#@smQn~ sQtQwQ. pYwQg`mWhR pYgwQXWlWn~t vQ#q~{v rAcR g#@swQ.

sQrx`ryt @gn sQtQn @qY`~XW @k`ts~ j`wQk vWryn~ h` j`wQ@y~ g#lvRm|k`ryn~ vX@yn~ h[En~v`qWmt @mm ihL pAwQvl pYwQg`mW bl@v|gvlQn~ smhrk~ uw~s`h krwQ. a@nk~ ay mRU sQq~{Qym @g`wn lq @b`r#vk~ yyQ ivw qmwQ. wvw~ ay vQv`wvm kQy` sQtQn~@n~ r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN@y~ ekm v#rqQ @qy nm| ey s`r\}k @n`vWm yn~ny_ a@vk~ ay sQrx`ryt @gn sQtQn ayt pmRNRvn qVRvm| lQhQl~ krn @ls a`y`cn` krwQ

ov| mhw`@NnQ, ovRn~@g~ @qY`~hW armRNR s`r\}k vQnQ nm|, kQsQqE bRr#lk~ @n`@pn~vn ayt lQhQl~ vn @s~ ovRhR il~lwQ. sQylEm pYj`wn~wYv`qW ayQwQv`sQkm| vQn`X kr q#mWmt kOmn~wYNy kL ay@g~ v&vs~}`nRkSl ayQwQv`sQkm| g#n ovRhR v&k~w @ls kw` krwQ. 1953 dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`@g~ e.j`.p a`N~dRv vQsQn~ wm` sQrx`ryt gw~ avs~}`@v|qW wm` b#lWmt wm Z`wWn~t @h`~ nWwQZyn~t @h`~ id @n`qEn~ bv m@g~ pk; sgy` vn gr# @k`~tQ@tQ mn~wYWwOm` (s~t#n~lQ wQlkrw~n mhw`) vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`yky`t q#ntmw~ sQhQpw~ kr qW a#w.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`

hby`s~@k`~pRs~ a`Z`vk~ lb` gn~nt wQbRNQ.

s~t#n~lQ wQlkrw~n mhw`

nWwQZyn~t h` m@g~ Z`wWn~t pv` m` b#lWmt id @n`@qn prQqQ sQr@gqr ktyRwO pQLQ@yL krn @ls ob up@qs~ qW wQbR@N~y. e~ ayt m` b#lWmt id qEn~@n~ avsn~ swQy wOL pmNQ.

@knmn~ mhw`

m@g~ pk; sgy`@g~ pYk`Xy prQqQ swQ wOnk~ yn wOr# ohR b#lWmt nWwQZyn~t @h`~ Z`wWn~t id @n`l#bRNQ. e@hw~ ej`py @h`~ ugw~ r`j nWwQZyn~ @h`~ e~ avs~}`@v| It vQ@r`~{y p$ bvk~ ap as` n#w. ohR kL ekm vrq vR@y~ sw 25 sQt sw 70 qk~v` shl~ mQl v#dQ kQrWmt vQ@r`~{y q#k~vWm vRvq, m@g~ pk; sMy` vR @k`~tQ@tQ gr# mn~wYWwOm`t e~ avs~}`@v| slk` a#w~@w~ s`m`n& apr`{kr#vkOt slkn a`k`ryty. qN~dnWwQ sAgYhy yt@w~ ohR @vnw~ vrqk~ k@L~ nm| ohRt vQr#q~{v ndR pvrnR a#w. e@hw~ ohRt vQr#q~{v ndR p#v#r#@v| n#w. ohR kL ekm vrq eyyQ. e@hw~ ohRt slknR l#bR@y~ s`m`n& apr`{k`rykOt slkn a`k`ryty.

k`mryk sQr kr w#bR ohRt @qn lq~@q~ hQr@gqr iw`mw~ @g`@r`~sR nWrs a`h`ry. ohRt nQq` g#nWmt s#l#s~vR@y~ bQm elR p#qEr# kdm`l~lky. ap pk;@y~ qEsQm| gnn~ s`m`jQk@y`~ em irNmt @g`qEr# vRh. e@hw~ @mhQ sQtQn @h`~ nWwQ pRq~wk`l@y~ sQtQn mhwOn~@gn~ kQsQvkOw~ @h`~ mWt vQr#q~{w~vyk pYk`X k@L~ n#w. e@hw~ ovRn~@g~ imhw~ s#lkQl~l @y`mR vWm, vQ@X~; a`h`r l#@bn~n` vRq, vQ@X~; s#lkQlQ l#@bn~n` vRq, wm`@g~m a#[Em| h` smhr avs~}`vl mw~p#n~ q l#@bn~n` vR kOmn~wYNkr#vn~t pmNk~ sWm` vQy. sQrx`ryt gnR l#bR kOmn~wYNkr#vn~@gn~ smhrkOt mw~p#n~ s#pyWmt avX& vR@y~ mn~q#yQ @mhQ n#wQ gr# mRql~ am`w&wOm`@gn~ a#sWmt vRvmn`y. evRn~ h`m@w~ w#bQyyRwO yyQ mm @n`kQymQ. ob ovRn~t s#lkQy yRw~@w~ ej`p a`N~dRv @k`~tQ@tQ gr# mn~wYWwOm`t s#lkS a`k`ryt yyQ mm @n`kQymQ. s`m`n& sQrkr#vn~t slkn a`k`ryt ovRn~tw~ slkn~n. e~ s`m`n& pn~wQ@y~ sQrkr#vn~tw~ ob mw~p#n~ @qn~@n~q? @mm kOmn~wYNkr#vn~ wm` @b|bqEk@m| qEAs`{& @r`~g vlQn~ @p@ln bv pYk`X @k`t wQ@b|q?

ov| mhw`@NnQ, yRk~wQy yRk~wQy @n`vRvq, pAwQy pAwQym y. km|kr# pAwQyt ayRk~wQyk~ sQqE vR vQt ej`pyt @h`~ ugw~ r`j& nWwQZvr#n~t @h`~ nWwQy mwk~ vn~@n~ n#w. wmRn~@g~m pAwQ@y~ s`m`jQkyn~ r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNyk~ kQrWmt @g`s~ hsR vR vQt pmNk~ ovRn~t yRk~wQy h` nWw&`nRkSl ayQwQv`sQkm| mwk~ @v|. @b`@h`m @h`[yQ. @m| avs~}`@v|qWw~ nWwQytm q#dQ @ls pAwQ yRk~wQy itR vWmt id hrQn~n. km|kr# pAwQy h` jnw`v @mm r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNy s#lsRm| kL ayt kQyn~@n~ eyyQ.

k}`n`ykwOmnQ, @mm ww~w~vy wOL a`N~dRv q wmRn~@g~ ww~w~vy yLQ wk~@s~r# krnR a#w#yQ mm bl`@p`@r`w~wO @vmQ. vQ@q~XWy h` @q~XWy kOmn~wYNkr#vn~@g~ @mm kOmn~wYNyt vQr#q~{v stn~ @k`t, ey kOdRptQtm| kr q#mW@m| ekm s`{nWy m`r\gy vn~@n~ @p`qE jnw`v e~kr`XW @k`t, prqEvt lk~v a#wQ kr#NR pQLQb[v ovRn~ q#nRvw~ @k`t argly wOLt ovRn~ a#q g#nWm bv ovRn~t psk~ vWmt id @qn~n. pYwQg`mWw~vyt vQr#q~{v krn argl@y~qW sAvQ{`ny vR km|kr# pAwQy h` v@m| v&`p`ry ovRn~@g~ swOrn~ @n`v ovRn~@g~ mQwOrn~ h` sgyn~ bv ovRn~t av@b`~{ vWmt id hrQn~n. pYwQg`mWw~vyt vQr#q~{ argl@y~qW @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y vQX~v`sq`ykvRw~, a{QX~T`nXWlWvRw~, aw~q#kWm| a#w~w`vRw~ mQwO@rk~ h` sg@ykQ.

apt vQr#q~{ p#w~@w~ sQtQn gr# mn~wYWvr#n~@gn~ @mm pYX~ny a#sWmt m` k#mwQy. krn~nt gQy r`j& vQ@r`~qW kOmn~wYNy uw~p`qny vR@y~ sn~nq~{ @s~v` sh @p`lQsQy wOLQnQ. krn~nt gQy em r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNy pQtRps sQtQn bl@v|g an`vrNy @k`t vQn`X kQrQm em bl@v|g vQsQn~ m sQqE kQrWm ob a#w~w vX@yn~ m bl`@p`@r`w~wO vn~n`hRq? nQl{`rWn~ awr h` Itw~ v#dQ@yn~ sn~nq~{ @s~v`vn~hQ h` @p`lQsQ@yhQ s`m`n& @k`ts~ awr avAk h` @q~X@pY~mW pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYNvlt h` r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNvl vQr#q~{ iw` hQwvw~ ay sQtQn bv apQ qnQmR. @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y vX@yn~ gw~ kl, em pk;y @mm sQylEm pRq~glyn~ uss~ @k`t slkn awr, pYj`wn~wYv`qy h` jnw`vt pk;p`wW vWm g#n ovRn~ @vw sQy s~wOwQy pL kryQ. yRq hmRq`@v| h` @p`lQsQ@y~ ihL mtQt@m| nQl{`rWn~ 29 @qnkO sQr x`ryt g#nW@mn~ sn~nq~{ hmRq`vl sh @p`lQsQ@y~ q#nt sQtQn~n` vR @h`~ iqQrQ@y~qW sQtQy h#kQ vR sQyl~l ivw~ @k`t @n`m#wQ bv a`N~dRv qnW. e~ nQs` apQ @m@s~ kQymR. @mm kOmn~wYNyt vQr#q~{v stn~ @k`t ey vQn`X kr q#mWm s[h` ob@g~ sm|pRr\N vQX~v`sy sn~nq~{ hmRq` h` @p`lQsQy mw @n`wbn~n. pY{`n vX@yn~ jnw`v @k@rhQ, sAvQ{`ny vR km|kr# pAwQy @k@rhQ, a`N~dRv h` vm awr smgQy @k@rhQ vQX~v`sy wbn~n. sn~nq~{ @s~v`vn~ h` @p`lQsQy wOL sQtQn~n` vR @q~X@pY~mW h` hQwvw~ bl@v|g g#n kQvmn` @n`@v|. @mm @qY`~hW kOmn~wYNy s#b$ @ls vQn`X kr q#mQy h#k~@k~ @mm bl@v|gvl e~k`bq~{ykt pmNQ.

k}`n`ykwOmnQ, @gvW gQy @qswQy wOL sQqE vR sQqEvWm| lAk`@v| jnw`vt s#b$ @q~Xp`ln a{&`pnyk~ lb` qEn~@n~y. @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y yLQ yLQw~ kL anwOr# a#MvWm| sw& bv in~ pY`@y`~gQkv whvRr# @k`t wQ@b|. sQyl~lt pLmR pYj`wn~wYv`qyt h` pYj`wn~wYv`qW a`ywnvlt wr\jny el~l vW a#w~@w~ v@mn~ @n`v qkS@Nn~ bv in~ @pn~nRm| @k`t a#w. @qvnRv, @k`mQyRnQs~tQ vQ@r`~{y sh km|kr# pAwQyt h`` v@m| v&`p`ryt vQr#q~{ argl@y~ stn~ p`Ty s#m vQtm, qkON vQsQn~ yRq : @p`lQs~ a`Z`q`ykw~vyk~ pQhQtRvWmt q#r$ pYyw~ny s`{`rNWykrNy kQrWm s[h` @y`q` gw~ bv in~ @pn~nRm| @k`t wQ@b|. es~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw` G`wny kL avs~}`@v|qW q apQ e~ aw~q#kWmm l#bR@vmR. @mhQqW q, agY`m`w&wOm`@g~ G`wny sh in~ anwOr#v qk;QN`AXQk bl@v|g blyt pw~ kQrWm s[h` qrn lq pYyw~ny s`{`rNWykrNy kQrWm pQNQs @y`q` gn~n` lq~@q~, @k`mQyRnQs~tQv`qyt vQr#q~{v stn~ kQrW@m|

bA@k`@l`w~ stn~ p`Ty y. @mm aw~q#kWm|vlQn~ nQv#rqQ nQgmnyn~t eLBWm s[h` a`N~dRvt sh e~ pQtRps sQtQn bl@v|gvlt id @qn~n. @k`mQyRnQs~tQ vQ@r`~{W stn~ p`Tvl v&`j qQlQsWm pQtRps pYwQg`mW qk;QN`AXQk kOmn~wYNyk y}`r\}y s#MvW sQtQn bv kQsQ vQ@tkw~ ovRn~t amwk @n`vWmt id @qn~n.

pYwQg`mW r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNyk~ kQrWmt qrn lq vr\wm`n pYyw~ny pQtRps sQtQn bl@v|g an`vrNy @k`t vQn`Xkr q#mW@m| k`r\yy wOL apQ @kwrm| iqQrQyt @g`s~ sQtQmRq? @my a`N~dRv sh @m| r@tQ pYgwQXWlW bl@v|g sQw~ @y`mR kL yRwO pYX~nykQ. pRq~glyn~ vQsQnv@qnkO sQrx`ryt @gn a#w. n`vQk hmRq`@v| hQtpR aN@qn nQl{`rQ @r`yQs~ q m#l~ mhw` em hmRq`@vn~ p#n @g`s~ s#MvW sQtW. wvw~ @k@nkO vR kpQw~n` @p`lQyr\ sQy bQrQ[t lQpQyk~ lQy` wb` sQyqQvQ h`nQkr @gn a#w. krn~nt gQy kOmn~wYNyt wm`@g~ a#wQ sm|bn~{km| ohR em lQpQ@y~ s[hn~ kr wQ@b|. e@hw~ @mm k`rN`@vhQ avs`ny @mh yyQ a`N~dRvt @h`~ @mm sx`vt @h`~ vQX~v`s kL @n`h#k.

sQrx`ryt @gn a#wQ pRq~glyn~ @kwrm| uss~ wnwOr# qrmQn~ sQtQyq, armR@Nn~ h` axQpY`yyn~ ewrm| blk`mW vR r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN pYyw~nyk al gQyw#n~, mRlgQy w#n~ vQ@q~XWy h` @q~XWy yn @q aAX@yhQm vd`w~ pRUl~ vR pr`syk avX&@yn~ m vQhQqW y` yRwOy. vQhQqW @g`s~ a#wQ @mm pYxvyn~ sQyl~l h`r` avRs~s` mcwO @k`t @hLQqrv| @k`t, vQn`Xkr qmn wOr# @m| r@tQ pYj`wn~wYv`qy h` pYgwQy s[h` vR sw~ v&`p`ry sRrk;Qw vQy @n`h#k.

@m| qk~v` mwO @k`t @gn a#wQ @q~ wrmk~ qErt krn~nt gQy r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN@y~ vQ{`yk hs~wy y. @mm vQ{`yk hs~wy vRvq, sm|pRr\N@yn~ m adpn @k`t a#w#yQ apt s$hWmt pw~vQy @n`h#k. a`N~dRy bl@yn~ phkr qm` km|kr# pAwQy h` v`m`AXQk v&`p`ry sRnR vQsQnR @k`t a`Z`q`yk p`lnyk~ blyt @gn e~m armRNR @k`t gw~ r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNyk~ hR@qk~ vQ{`yk hs~wy mw pmNk~ vQX~v`sy @n`wbyQ. in~ vQhQqW gQy wvw~ awO h` X`K` It a#w. vQ@X~;@yn~ m @q~Xp`ln hs~wyk~ It wQbQy yRwOy.

sQrx`ryt @gn sQtQn mQnQsRn~ kWp@qnkO mm qnQmQ. ovRn~ sQyl~@l`~m awQqE;~t pYwQg`mQhR @vwQ. e@hw~ smhr ay vQs~wr krWmt uw~s`h krn prQqQ ovRhR @m`~dyn~ @n`@vwQ bly p#h#r h#rW@mn~ psR @q~Xp`ln blw whvRr# @k@rn ym| a`k`ryk a`ywnyk~ ik~mnQn~m s~}`pny @n`kL@h`w~ ovRn~ krn ekm @qy vn~@n~ sQvQl~ yRq~{ykt @q`r vQv^w kQrWm pmNk~ bv av@b`~{ kr g#nWmt wrm| pYm`Nvw~ bRq~{Qy ovRn~t wQ@b|. m{&s~} x`v@y~ pYwQpw~wQy aw~h#r qm` gQnQ@k`N a`sQy` gQvQsRm| sAvQ{`nyt b#[Wm @vnR@vn~ @k@rn anRgYhyk~ vX@yn~ a#mrQk` ek~sw~ jnpqy @h`~ a@nkOw~ a{Qr`j&v`qW blvwOn~ @h`~ m#qQhw~ vW ovRn~t a`{`r krnR a#w#yQ ovRn~ bl`@p`@r`w~wO@vn~ sQtQn~nt a#w. m#wQvrNvlqW pr`jyt pw~ vR pYwQg`mW pk;yk~ blyt pw~ kQrQmt ovRn~ bl`@p`@r`w~wOv sQtQn~nt a#w. ek~ pk;ykt vd` v#dQ pk; gNn`vkQn~ @w`~r` gnR l#bR pRq~glyn~@gn~ smn~vQw InQy`

j`wQk a`N~dRvk~

jnw`v v&`kSlw~vyt pw~ kQrQm s[h` @ktQ klkt pQhQtRvWmt ovRn~ bl`@p`@r`w~wO vn~nt a#w. pkQn~}`n@y~ sQqE vR @q~ @mhQ n#vw rMp$mt q v&vs~}`v aw~hQtRvWmt q agY`N~dRk`rv`y`@g~ p`lnyk~ pQhQtRvWmt q ovRn~ bl`@p`@r`w~wO@vn~ sQtQn~nt a#w. e@hw~ k`rNy vn~@n~, @mm armRNRvlQn~ ekk~ @h`~ kQhQpyk~ @h`~ sQyl~l @h`~ kOmn~wYNkr#vn~t wQbR@N~ q n#q~q yn~n @n`v mWt @q~Xp`ln hs~wyk~ @n`wQbQNQ nm|, @mm r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNyt v#dQkl~ p#vwQy @n`h#kQ bvy. prWk;N ktyRwO vr\wm`n@y~ p#mQN a#wQ s~}`n@y~ nvw` q#mQmt idqQy @n`h#kQv a#w~@w~ e~ nQs`y. krn~nt gQy @mm r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN@y~ @q~Xp`ln aAg wOLt pRr\N @ls pY@v|X vW e~ pQLQb[ prWk;N ovRn~ vQsQn~ kL yRwOy. @mm kOmn~wYNy pQtRps sQtQn @q~Xp`ln, sm`j h` a`r\}Qk bl@v|g an`vrNy @k`t, @hLQqrv| @k`t, em bl@v|gvlQn~ h`nQyk~ sQqE @n`vn bvt vgbl` gw yRwOy.

bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ G`wny pQLQb[ vAgOvlQn~ yRw~ apr`{ nWwQ kYQy`m`r\gy wvmw~ sm|pRr\N vW @n`m#w. ehQ pYwQPlyk~ vX@yn~ ohR@g~ G`wn@y~ @q~Xp`ln aAX pQLQb[v @s`y` b#lWmt @p`@r`n~qE vR @k`mQsmtt sQy v#d ktyRwO a#rBWmt @n`h#kQ vW wQ@b|.

smhr vQt sQy v`sn`v n#vw urg` b#lWm s[h` bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ G`wny pQtRps sQtQ an`vrNy @n`vR bl@v|g mQn~ anRbly lbn~nt aw. r`j& vQ@r`~{W pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYN pYyn~wy vQ@q~XWy h` @q~XWy pYwQg`mWw~vy vQsQn~ sQy armRNR itRkr g#nWm s[h` kL es~. db|lQv|. a`r\. dW. bN~d`rn`yk mhw`@g~ G`wnytw~ vd` blk`mW vRq, qErqQg bl` qrn lq~q` vR q uw~s`hykQ. sQqE[$vW a#wQ @q~vl~ q#nt n#vwW a#wQ s~}`n@y~ nvwQn~nt idh#r bl` sQtQn @n`h#k~@k~ e~ nQs`y.

ovRn~@g~ @q~Xp`ln armRNR h` sm|bn~{w` pQLQb[ pYX~nyt eL@Bn vQt sQrx`ryt @gn a#wQ pRq~glyn~ mRUmnQn~ nQhVy. n#w~nm| awQXy @s`m|nsQn~ ap#h#qQlQ bv a`N~dR@v| pYk`X@yn~ mt q#kQy h#k. mhw~ prQXYmyk~ qr` @mm @q~Xp`ln sm|bn~{w` h`r` avRs~s` mwOkr g#nWm kr` @y`mR vWm wvqErtw~ @k@rn kvr @h`~ prWk;Nyk pY{`n armRN vQy yRw~@w~ e~ nQs`y.

am`w&vr#n~ @kLQn~ @n`kQy`, ktkw` mw pqnm| v&Ag@yn~ @q`s~ p#vrWm g#n vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`yky` sQy kw`@v|qW vQ@r`~{y q#k~vWy. ohR e@s~ kW vQt, 1953 hr\w`l~ vQv`q@y~ qW ohR kL kw`v m@g~ sQhQyt n#gQn. ohR evQt @m| r@tQ agm#wQy. m` aq @mn~m eq` q @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;@y~ k}Qky` y. 1953 ohR em kw`v kL em avs~}`@v| e~ @m`@h`w wOLm ap pk;@y~ @b`@h`~ s`m`jQk@y`~ rF[vRm| x`r@y~ psRvRh. wvw~ @b`@h`~ @qnkO sQrx`ryt @gn wQbQN. a@p~ mRqYN`l sWl~ wb` wQbQN. a@p~ pRvw~pw~ vs` q#mQn. a@p~ pk; s`m`jQkyn~ 20 gNnk~ @b`rFl~l @p`lQsQyt @gn @g`s~ wdQb$h. @m| sQylE @qy sQqEvQy. ey mQwYXWlW vQv`qyk~ @n`vWy. m@g~ gr# mQwYy`t vQv`qy mwk a#w. ey iw`mw~ akr#N`vn~w ekk~ vQy. e~ avs~}`@v| mm smhr wq @q~ kW@vmQ. It ohR iw`mw~ sRqEsR vQy. e@hw~ e~ @vl`@v| ohR kQsQqE ckQwykQn~ @w`rv iw` rU kSt @l~Knyk~ vR lQyvQl~lk~ iqQrQpw~ @k`t ey sx`vt kQyvWy. @mm lQyvQl~l @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;@y~ mhnRvr k`r\y`l@y~ wQbW @p`lQsQy vQsQn~ @s`y` gw~ bv ohR kW@v|y. @my @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y vQsQn~ m{&m pL`@w~, mwk wb` gn~n, vn`n~wrvl grQl~l` yRq ktyRwO s[h` sks~ kL s#lsRmk~ y#yQ h#MvWy. @mm kl`py wOL vn`n~wr kWyk~ wQ@b| q#yQ mhnRvr pY@q~X@y~ gr# mn~wYWvr#n~ qn~nv` a#w.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`

ey mt apr`{ prWk;N @qp`r\w@m|n~wO@v| qEn~ @q~ y.

@knmn~ mhw`

ov|. e@hw~ vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`ykwOmnQ, ehQ sw&w`v h` nQrvq&w`v @s`y` b#lWmt obwOm` krqr vWq? sm|pRr\N vQv`q@y~ v`r\w`v @mhQ m` LM wQ@b|. obwOm` @mm kSt @l~Kny sx`vt kQyv` ey @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y vQsQn~ sks~ kL s#lsRmk~ y#yQ kWh. ap grQl~l` yRq~{yk~ a`rm|x krn~nt yn~@n~y yn~n ap "apr`{yk~ krn~nt yn bv v&Ag@yn~ kWmk~ @n`@v|q? ap blhw~k`r@yn~ r`j& bly p#h#r g#nW@m| kOmn~wYNyk p`r\X~vkr#vn~ y#yQ kWm ap "apr`{yk~ krn bv v&Ag@yn~ kWmk~

@n`@v|q. @mm @h`r lQyvQl~l mw obwOm` ap@g~ mhnRvr qQs~wYQk~ @l~km| n[En~@g~ mhw` qQn 30 k~ rF[vRm| x`r@y~ wb` gw~h.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`

hqQsQ ww~w~vy qQn 30 k~ p#vwO@n~ n#w.

@knmn~ mhw`

mt sm`@vn~n. ey qQn 13 kQ. vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`yky` hqQsQ ww~w~vy wvqErtw~ pvw~v` gw~@w~ nm| ap wvw~ klk~

rF[vRm| x`r@y~ wb` gn~nv` a#w. pY{`n k`rN`v @myyQ. ohR @b`r# lQyvQl~lk~ iqQrQpw~ k@L~y. ohR eq` kw` k@L~ vn`n~wr g#n y. q#n~ ohR kw` krn~@n~ @vnw~ vr\gyk k#l$ g#ny. h#n~s`d| v`r\w`v kQyvWmt mt avX& n#w. e@hw~ e@s~ kQrWmt m` sm|pRr\N@yn~ m sRq`nm| y. 1953 a@g`~s~wO 17 v#nQ qQn h#n~s`d| vr\w`@v| 597 v#nQ wWr#@vn~ a`rm|x vn ey obt bl`gw h#k. ohR ehQ @b`@h`~ @q~ svQs~wr @ls s[hn~ kr wQbR@N~y.

mwO sm|bn~{yQ

pWtr\ @knmn~ : @w`~r`gw~ kw` sh lQpQ (1947:1987)
k^wQ@yn~ sQAhlyt prQvr\wny k@L~
s$m| vQkYmn`yk

 

 
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            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v