kOmn~wYN@y~ p`dm| a`N~dRvt vQr#q~{ @@vr@y~ gWwQk`v

avsn~ @k`ts

pWtr\ @knmn~

e~ @h`r lQyv#l~l m` qEtR @h`~ a#sR mRl~m avs~}`v eyyQ. asw& @h`r lQyv#l~lk~ vX@yn~ mm ey vh`m @hL` qEtQmQ. ap us`vQyk~ iqQrQyt @gn yn @ls @h`~ apt vQr#q~{v ndR pvrn @ls @h`~ mm ohRt axQ@y`~g k@LmQ. m` e@s~ k@L~ @mm lQyvQl~l sw& ekk~ nm|, bl@y~ sQtQn a`N~dRv kOmn~wYNk`rW kYQy` m`r\gvlQn~ sn~nq~{ bly @y`q` bl@yn~ ph kQrWmt ap s`kc|C` @k`t s#lsRm| krn bv in~ aqhs~ kL nQs` y.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw` : mm ey @s`s#qE@vmQ.

@knmn~ mhw` : ob ey @n`s`qn~nt a#w. e@hw~ em vQv`q@y~qW ap @vw v&Ag@yn~ @q`~;`@r`~pNy kQrWmkt vd` v#dQ nQ;~p`qny krn lq lQyvQl~lk~, aXQk;Qw kSt @l~Knyk~ ob sQw` mw` iqQrQpw~ k@LhQy. apt vQr#q~{v ndR pvrn @ls ap obt axQ@y`~g kL q ob e@s~ krn~nt gQ@y~ n#w. ob a@pn~ pYX~n k@L~ q n#w. ob@gn~ kQsQvkOw~ pYX~n @n`kL bvt q#n~ ob p#mQNQlQ krn~@nhQ y. e@hw~ @m| sQyl~l k@L~ yyQ ob @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;yt @c`~qn` krn~@nhQ y. ob @my k@LhQ q? obw~ a@pn~ a#sR@v| q n#w. ob ap apr`{ prWk;N @qp`r\w@m|n~wOvt @gn @g`s~ pYX~n k@LhQ q? ob mQn~ kQsQvk~ k@L~ n#w. ob q#n~ aw~ vQhQ[EvmQn~ @m@s~ kQyyQ. m` el~l` qmn~n. mt @vdQ wbn~n. mt sQylE @q~ krn~n." vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`ykwOmnQ, v&Ag@yn~ @q`~;@r`~pNy kQrWm g#n kw` kQrWmt obwOm`t a#wQ ayQwQy kOmk~q?

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`

ey qk; kw`vkQ

@knmn~ mhw`

ob@g~ kw`v pQLQkOl~ shgw ekk~ vQy.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`

ob krn~nt yn @q~ mm qnQmQ.

@knmn~ mhw`

mm kQsQqE mgdQyk~ krn~nt @n`ymQ. m` kQyn @q~ p#h#qQlQ a#w~wy. 1953 qW ob kL @q~ @my vn vQt, kr#N`kr @mw#nt p#mQN uq`r sWlvn~w pYwQpw~wQ g#n kw` @n`krn~n ob kW @q~ @l~Knvl sthn~ vW wQ@b|.

dd|lQ @s~n`n`yk mhw`

iw` qk; kw`vk~. ohR iw` qk; bv mm qnQmQ.

@knmn~ mhw`

vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`yky` vQx`g kr b#lWmt ohRt avX& vn a#w#m| kr#NRvlt q @y`mR vQy. prWk;` kr b#lWmt sRqEsR kr#NR hR@qk~ mwO krnR mQs ohR @c`~qn`vk~ @n`krn bv p#h#qQlQ k@L~y. @m| avs~}`@v|qW ohR@g~ em a`qr\Xy pQLQp#qWmt mt id @qn~n.

kvr @h`~ gr# mn~wYWvrykOt vQr#q~{v mm kQsQm @c`~qn`vk~ el~l @n`krmQ. m` e@s~ krn~@n~ nm| @mm sx`@v| kYQy` ptQp`tQy anRgmny krmQn~ mm nQX~cQw @y`~jn`vk~ iqQrQpw~ krmQ. e.j`.p.@y~ gr# mn~wYWvr#n~ sm|bn~{@yn~ m` mWt @pr ey kr a#w. 1962 jnv`rQ m`s@yn~ avsn~ vn 18 m`sy wOL @mm a`N~dRv bl@yn~ ph vW ynR a#w#yQ p#v#@sn e.j`.p. @y~ vQX~v`sy sh e~k`n~w an`v#kQy pqnm| kr gnQmQn~ a`N~dRv prWk;Nyk~ krn~@n~ nm| m` k#mwQyQ. sw~wkQn~m @my n#kw~ bl` pL kL an`v#kQyk~ @n`@v|. ey vQX~v`s kL e.j`.p n`ykyn~@g~ bRq~{Qy @k@rhQ m` wOL vQX`l @g_rvyk~ wQ@b|. (b`{` kQrWm|) @my brpwl k`rNykQ. enQs` @my prWk;` kr b#lQy yRwO ek~ aAXyk~ yyQ mm kQy` sQtQmQ. kr#N`kr m@gn~ pYX~n krn~n yyQ vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`yky` kQyyQ. ohR@gn~ pYX~n krnR a#w#yQ mm bl`@p`@r`w~wO @vmQ.

sW. I. pW. jysRrQy mhw`@g~ kOpYsQq~{ lQpQyt @h~wO s`{k vR kr#NR a`N~dRv vQsQn~ vQx`g kQrWm gr# vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`ykwOm`t avX& y. mm ohR@g~ il~lWm prQqQ iqQrQyt @gn ymQ. em lQpQy pQtRps vR sQylE kr#NR k`rN` prWk;` @k`t ap @vw sm|pRr\N v`r\w`vk~ iqQrQpw~ krn @ls mm a`N~dR@vn~ il~lmQ. kvrk~ vRvq s#MvQy yRw~@w~ a#yQ? sW. I. pW. jysRrQy@g~ apkWr\wQmw~ lQpQy g#n s$m @k@nkOm kw` k@L~y. gr# vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`ykwOm` p^}Rl kQyvn~@nkQ. @m| @m`@h`@w~w~ ohR kQyvmQn~ sQtW. e@hw~ p#h#qQlQvm kOmn~wYN pQLQb[v pRvw~pw~vl pLvn lQpQ kQyvW@m| k`rN`@v|qW ohR@g~ kQyvWmt vd` m@g~ kQyvWm wrmk~ pRUl~ y. e@s~w~ @n`m#wQ nm|, a#w#m| kr#NR @mm sx`@v| sh a`N~dR@v| q#n g#nWmt @y`mR kQrWm vtQn~@n~ yyQ ohR @n`sQwWy. ohR

@d|lQ nQvRs~

pRvw~pw kQyvyQ. mm

@d|lQ nQvRs~

pRvw~pw @mn~m

sn~@d| tyQm|s~

pRvw~pw q kQyvmQ. @mm kr#NR sm|bn~{ @l~k~hvRs~ pYk`Xn pmNk~ @n`v

tyQm|s~

pYk`Xn q mm kQyvmQ. 1961 @qs#m|br\ sQt krn~nt gQy r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN k`ly qk~v`

sn~@d| tyQm|s~

hQ pL vR kr\w^ v`k& @pL @vw a`N~dRv vQ@X~; av{`ny @y`mR kL yRwOy.

gr# vQr#q~{ pk;@y~ n`ykwOm` e~v` kQyv` n#w. n#w@h`w~ e~v` kvr @h`~ s#lkQl~lk~ q#k~vQy yRwO v#qgw~ e~v` yyQ sQw` n#w. @mm kr\w^ v`k&vlQn~ ekk~ @h`~ @qkk~ g#n m` yn~wmQn~ s[hn~ kQrWm g#n ewOm` h` @mm sx`v smhr vQt mt sm`v xjny krnR a#w. qkONR @k`LB gr# mn~wYWwOm` sW. I. pW. jysRrQy mhw`@g~ lQpQy kQyvWy.

sn~@d| tyQm|s~

pwY@yn~ m` q em kr\w^ v`k&vlQn~ kQhQpyk~ kQyvn~nq? e~ s$m ekk~m @mhQ m` LM wQ@b|. e~ sQyl~l kQyvWmt mm bl`@p`@r`w~wO @n`@vmQ. kvrkOt vRvq e~v` kQyvWmt avX& nm| @h`~ m@g~ pYk`Xvl nQrvq&w`v pQLQb[ axQ@y`~g kQrWmt avX& nm| @h`~ e~ sQyl~l @mhQ wQ@b|.

@mm kr\w^ v`k& iw`mw~ kOwOhly qnvn @m`~s~wryk~ anRgmny kr a#w. krn~nt gQy r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNy sAvQ{`ny kL ay sQy @qY`~hW kYQy`vn~ s[h` mWt vd` v#dQ q^;~tQmy a`{`ryk~ @h`~ em kYQy` kL yRw~@w~ mn~q yn~nt @h~wO @h`~ mWt vd` v#dQ@yn~ il~l` @n`sQtQnR a#w. m` kW prQqQ sQylEm kr\w^ v`k& @mhQ m` LM wQ@b|. kw` kQrWmt bl`@p`@r`w~wO@vn~ sQtQn a@nkOw~ gr# mn~wYWvr#n~ vQr#q~{ vQy h#kQ @hyQn~ em kr\w^ v`k&vlQn~ p^}Rl @ls upRt` q#k~vWmt mt k`l @v|l`vk~ n#w. @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;@y~ pRvw~pw~vl e~v` svQs~wrv vQgYh @k`t wQ@b|.

ey km|kr# pAwQyt, vmt h` a`N~dRvt vQr#q~{ @@vr@y~ gWwQk`vk~ mQs an~ kQsQvk~ @n`@v|. ey m` upRt` qk~vn~@n~ nm|, sm`jX`l`vl sQtQmQn~ m#sQvQlQ kWm, nWwQ pRs~wk`l@y~ sQtQmQn~ X`p kQrWm @h`~ pRvw~pw~vlt anRvr\w nm|vlQn~ lQpQ lQvWm @h`~ @n`@k`t avs~}`vt n#gW sQtQ pQLQgw~ pRq~glyn~ vWm s[h` m` n#vw q upRt` qk~vn~@n~ nm|

mQnQsRn~@g~ n`ykyn~ s#pyQy yRwO ugw~ pAwQyt

kL vQv^w a`r`{nykQ.

m` upRt` qk~vn~@n~

jnw` XOx sQq~{Qy

yn m#@yn~ 1961 @qs#m|br\ ms 3 v#nQ qQn sn~@d| tyQm|s~ pRvw~p@whQ pL vR kr\w^ v`k&@yn~ @k`ts~ y. avs~}`@v`~cQw @ls XWr\; p`T @yqR

e@k`@L`s~ vn p#y

nmQn~ 1961 jnv`rQ 7 v#nQ qQn kr\w^ v`k&y vd`w~ y}`r\}yt g#l@p~.

"rt v#tW a#wQ vQpw~wQy g#n a$w ah@s~ w`rk`vlt @q`s~ p#vrWm @h`~ uq` vW a#wQ ww~w~v@yn~ rt @b|r` g#nWm s[h` alEw~ vcn qhr`vk~ mw vQX~v`sy w#bWm @h`~ nQ;~Ply. a#w~w vX@yn~ m ww~w~v@yn~ ap glv` gw h#k~@k~ a{Q;~T`nXWlW pYbl p`lnykt pmNQ.

It tQkk~ ytQn~ ey qQgtm @m@s~ kQyyQ.

"armR@NhQ pYblw~vy, a{Q;~T`nXWlW h` vQny`nRkSl p`lny mRlQk pQyvryn~t avX&y y. a`N~dRvt vQr#q~{v kd`kp~pl~ kQrWm| hmR@v| anRkm|p` vQrhQw x`vy, a`N~dRv wOL sQtQn~n` vR asn~@w`~;yt pw~vn blk`mW kOdR@k~dRvn~t vRvq vQr#q~{ vR anRkm|p` vQrhQw x`vy ovRn~t avX& vQy h#k.

wvq, ey avsn~ krn~@n~ @m@s~y.

"k`ly @ktQy. agm#wQnQy a{Q;~T`n shgwv ek~ vrm kYQy` @n`krn~@n~ nm| ewOmQy@g~ a`N~dRv iwQh`s@y~ kONR bk~kQyt vQsQ vW ynR a#w. lAk`v sQy vQp@w~qW q#dQ p`lnyk~ il~l` k$ gsyQ. XYWlnQpyt ey lb` qQy @n`h#kQ nm|, avX&w`v vQkl~py bQhQkrnR a#w. y@mkOt pY{`n k`rNy hrQytm al~l` gw @n`h#kQ vQNQ nm|, ILM swQ@y~ enm|, 1962 jnv`rQ 14 v#nQq` kr\w^ v`k&y n#vw q @m@s~ kQyyQ.

avs~}`vt n#gW sQtWm XYWlnQpyt @n`h#kQ nm| ey bl@yn~ awOg$vW ynR a#wQ awr, iwQh`s@y~ avX&w`vn~ vQkl~py bQhQkrnR a#w.

mhw`@NnQ, kr\nl~ q @s~rm| sh qQs`n`yk mhw` h` a@nkOw~ ay @mhQ @n`sQtWm @l`kO

v#rFq~qkQ. ovRhR kvrhRq? ovRn~

avX&w`vn~ q?

n#w~nm|

iwQh`s@y~ avX&w` q?

"@mkW kr\w^ v`k& sh

tyQm|s~ of~ sQ@l`~n~

pRvw~pw~vl ktyRwO g#BRr# @ls mRUmnQn~ m prWk;` kr bln @ls mm q#dQ @s~ il~l` sQtQmQ. mm gr# avQs~s`@v|l~l mn~wYQwOm` (dW. pW. a`r\. gONvr\{n mhw`) smM ekM @vmQ. krn~nt uw~s`h kL r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN@y~ q^;~tQmy @k~n~qYs~}`nvlQn~ ekkQ

tyQm|s~ a`ywny.

tyQm|s~

a`ywn@y~ v&`p`r kLmn`k`r sQd|nQ q @s`yQs` mhw` aw~adAgOvt g#nWmt amwrv en~. es~. o|. m#n~qQs~ mhw`@gn~ sh fQlQk~s~ gONvr\{n mhw`@gn~ pYX~n kL bv gr# mRql~ am`w&wOm` I@y~ apt kWh. @my qQgtm kr@gn yn @ls mm a`N~dR@vn~ il~l` sQtQmQ. tyQm|s~ a`ywny h` vQ@q~XWy b#AkO awr, k@w`~lQk a`kYmNy 16 awr, tyQm|s~ a`ywny h` rj @gqr awr, a#wQ iw`mw~ kOwOhly qnvn sm|bn~{w` @s`y` g#nWmt in~ h#kQ vnR a#w. pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYN@y~ pYk`Xny @my vQy yn nQgmny h#r an~ kvr @h`~ nQgmnykt

sn~@d| tyQm|s~

pRvw~p@w~ pL vR kr\w^ v`k& @pL vQgYh krn kvrkOt @h`~ eLBQy @n`h#k. @mm kOmn~wYNyt anRbly l#bRN` vR q^;~tQy @mm kr\w^ v`k& s#pyQy.

gs~ ngQn~nn~@gn~

rt @b|r` g#nWmt avX& vR ay@gn~ q, pQyn~l`t a`snyk~ qWm nQs` rt bl~ln~t yn~@n~ y#yQ sQwOv` vR ay@gn~q, @mm ww~w~vyn~ yt@w~ v#qgw~ mhw~vr#n~ jWvw~ vQy h#k~@k~ @k@s~q#yQ sQwS ay@gn~ q yRk~w vR InQy`

ugw~

@k`ts~ ayw~ @m| ihL pn~wQ@y~ sAvQ{`yky` h` @p`LBvn~n` vR@y~

tyQm|s~

a`ywnyyQ. ohQ ksQ kbl~ q^;~tQyt ayw~ sQyl~l obt @mm kr\w^ v`k& wOL q#kQy h#k. sQd|nQ q @s`yQs` mhw`

tyQm|s~

a`ywn@y~ v&`p`r kLmn`kr# pmNk~ @n`vn bv avQs~s`@v|l~l gr# mn~wYWwOm` (dW. pW. a`r\. gONvr\{n) mhw` p#vsRh. mm ey qnQmQ. prWk;` kQrWm s[h` @n`qn~v` hqQsQ@y~ p#mQNWmt, vQny kd kQrWm| v`r\w` kQrWmt sh e~k`n~w vX@yn~m

tyQm|s~ of~ sQ@l`~n~

a`ywny wOL sm|pRr\N@yn~ m @mn~ sQylE blwl, wm @p_q~glQk shk`r @ls h[En~vnR lbn sQd|nQ q @s`yQs` mhw`t pvrn~n` vR, q#n~vWm| pRvr#@vhQ pYqr\Xny @k`t a#wQ pQlWk~s~ gONvr\{n mhw` vQsQn~ nQkOw~ krn lq ckY@l~Kyk~ m` LM wQ@b|. @m| sQyl~l s#lkQl~lt gn~n` vQt ob sW. I. pW. jysRrQy mhw`@g~ lQpQ@yhQ adAgO @q~ pQLQb[v prWk;Nyk~ krn~n` @s~ m

tyQm|s~ of~ sQ@l`~n~

a`ywny wOL sQqE@vmQn~ p#v#wQ @q~ pQLQb[v q ob iw` g#BRr# h` pRr\N prWk;Nyk~ p#v#w~vQy yRwOy.

wvq m` @myw~ kQyn~nq? pRvw~pw~ e~k`{Qk`ry vR @l~k~hvRs~ smRh@y~ h`

tyQm|s~

a`ywn@y~ pRvw~pw~ s$m vQtm, @k`mQyRnQs~tQv`q@yn~ pYj`wn~wYv`qy @b|r` g#nW@m| avX&w`v g#n kr\w^ v`k& lQywQ. e@hw~ sQy kr\w^ v`k&vlQn~ r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNy @hL` q#kW@m| avX&w`vy g#n @h`~ qkO@N~ bl@v|gvlQn~ pYj`wn~wYv`qy @b|r` g#nW@m| avX&w`vy g#n @h`~ @mm pRvw~pw~vlQn~ ekk~vw~ aq vnwOr# sQw` n#w. ovRn~t pYj`wn~wYv`qy @b|r` g#nWmt avX&v a#w~@w~ @k`mQyRnQs~tQv`qWn~@gn~ pmNk~ @n`@v|. ovRn~t a@nkOw~ v`m`AXQkyn~@gn~ @mn~m XYWlnQp@yn~ q pYj`wn~wYv`qy @b|r` g#nWmt avX&y. e@hw~ @mm

nQqhs~" pRvw~pw~ ek~ vcnykQn~ @h`~ pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYNy @hL` q#k n#w. @m| r@tQ pYj`wn~wYv`qW a`ywn vQn`X kr q#mWm s[h` pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYNkr#vn~ q#r$ pYyw~nyn~t vQr#q~{v ey ek~ vcnyk~ @h`~ pvs` n#w.

ob @m| mQnQsRn~t o|n$vtw~ v#dQ@yn~ bl`@p`@r`w~wO qW wQ@bn bv mm m@g~ mQwYyn~t kQymQ. {npwQ pRvw~pw~ e~k`{Qk`ry bQ[ q#mWm pQLQb[v @qvrk~ sQwS ob wvw~ vrk~ kl~pn` krnR a#w#yQ mm bl`@p`@r`w~wO @vmQ.

m$w sQqEvWm|vlqW k@w`~lQk a`kYmNy vQsQn~ @l`~k pYvWNyn~@g~ sAgm@y~ 17 vQsQn~ sRcrQw@yn~ yLQ sn~nq~{vW@m| a`ywny 18 vQsQn~ a`sQy` pqnm 19 vQsQn~ yR.es~.o|.em|. 20 a`ywny h` @vnw~ e~ h` sm`n vR a`ywn vQsQn~ rMp$ xSmQk` pQLQb[v vQmr\Xny sQqE krn @ls q @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y a`N~dR@vn~ il~l` sQtW hmRq`vl @p`lQsQ@y~ h` sQvQl~ jn jWvQw@y~ sh r`j& prQp`ln@y~ vQvQ{ @k;~wYyn~ wOL k@w`~lQk a`kYmN@y~ @qY`~hW ktyRwO nwr kQrWm s[h` kYQy` kQrWm q#n~ avX& y.

ap@g~ s~}`vry sm|pRr\N@yn~ p#h#qQlQ kQrWmt mt avX&y. @k`mQyRnQs~tQv`qWn~ vn ap sm|bn~{@yn~ gw~ kl k@w`~lQkyn~ sm

M @r`~m`nRk@w`~lQk pl~lQ@y~ s`m`jQkyn~ smM h` kYQs~wQy`nQ a`g@m| k@w`~lQk anRv`qy vQX~v`s krn~n` vR ay smM apt a`rvRlk~ @n`m#w. k@w`~lQk lb|{Qkyn~ awr avAk @q~X@pY~mW mQnQsRn~ sQtQn bv apQ qnQmR. e@hw~ av`sn`vt ovRn~@g~ n`ykyn~ awr eb[E ay sQQtQn~@n~ iw` tQk @q@nkQ. hR@qk~ k@w`~lQkyn~ vWm nQs` k@w`~lQkyn~t phr g#sWmt ap kQsQ vQ@tkw~ sRq`nm| n#w~@w~ e~ nQs`y. e@hw~ k@w`~lQk a`kYmNy k@w`~lQkykO vWm h` sm`n vR @qyk~ @n`@v|. k@w`~lQk a`kYmNy ynR vwQk`nR@v| @q~Xp`ln hs~wy vn awr em @q~Xp`ln hs~wy wvmw~ @mhQ kYQy`w~mk @vyQ. @n`@yk~ vQt ey @mhQ kYQy`w~mk vnR ap q#k a#w. ap smM @n`m#wQ apt pk;p`wW @n`vn @mm @q~Xp`ln hs~wyt pYwQpYh`r el~l kQrWm s[h` pYgwQXQlW bl@v|g awr sQtQn k@w`~lQkyn~ q a#wOU sQylE pYgwQXWlW bl@v|gvlt ek~vn @ls mm a`y`cny krmQ.

@my k@w`~lQk kOmn~wYNyk~ @h`~ @my k@w`~lQk a`kYmN@y~ kOmn~wYNyk~ y#yQ kWmt @h`~ mt avX& n#w. nQs#kvm krn~nt gQy r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN@y~ pY{`n @k`tsk~ k@w`~lQk a`kYmNy itR k@L~y. ey It sm|bn~{ vR bl@v|gvlQn~ ekkQ. @mm k`r\yy s[h` vQ@q~XWy sh @q~XWy yn @q aAX@yhQ m pYwQg`mW bl@v|g r`XQyk~ ekt ek~ vRh.

o|, @my k@w`~lQkyn~ sm|bn~{ vW krn lq~qk~" y#yQ @h`~ @vnw~ kvr @h`~ a`gmQk kN~d`ymk kYQy`vk~ @h`~ yyQ ap @n` kQyn~@n~ e~nQs`y. ey k@w`~lQk a`kYmNy a#wOU pYwQg`mWw~v@y~ sQylE bl@v|gvl e~k`bq~{ kYQy`vkQ.

aq @mm sx`@vn~ pQtw sQqE vn @q~ @qs bln~n. sQrx`ryt @gn sQtQn mQnQsRn~ @qs bln~n. ob k@w`~lQkyn~ sQrx`ryt @gn a#w. ob @pY`@ws~w`nRvn~ sQrx`ryt @gn a#w. ob @b_q~{yn~ sQrx`ryt @gn a#w. ob sQrx`ryt @gn @n`m#w~@w~ hQn~qEn~ sh mRs~lQm|vr#n~ pmNQ. @my a`gm pQLQb[ pYX~nyk~ @n`vn @q~Xp`ln pYwQg`mWw~vy pQLQb[ pYX~nykQ. pYwQg`mWw~vy ptR nQk`yv`qW a`gmQk @bqWm|vlQn~ @b`@h`~ ob|bt @g`s~ sQwyQ. kYQy` kryQ. ey @mrt wOL sQy bly pYwQX~T`pny kQrWm g#n sQwyQ. kYQy` kryQ. a`gm| @x~qyt ap anRbl @n`qQy yRw~@w~ eQ nQsyQ. e@hw~ aqhn a`gm kOmk~ vRvq, a`gmk~ a#qhRvq, @n`vRvq, sm|pRr\N@yn~ m kQsQm a`gmk~ vQX~v`s @n`kLq, @m| a`k`r@y~ pYwQg`mW kOmn~wYNykt vQr#q~{v @p`qE arglyk~ s[h` sQylE pYgwQXWlW bl@v|g e~kr`XW kL yRw~@w~ e~ nQsyQ. krn~nt pYyw~n q#r$, r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNy pQtRps sQtQn pYwQg`mW bl@v|g mwO@k`t, vQn`X kQrWm s[h` qrnR lbn sQylE pYyw~nyn~hQqW a`N~dRvt ap@g~ sh@y`~gy lb` @qn bvt n#vw q pYwQZ` @qmQn~ mwO q#k~@vn vQ@X~; pQyvryn~ g#nW@m| avX&w`v @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y av{`rNy kr sQtQn~nWy.

pLmRv @mm kOmn~wYN pYyw~nyn~ pQtRps sQtQn bl@v|g @hLQqrv| @k`t pr`jy kr q#mWm s[h` a`N~dRv smM @h`~ ovR@n`vRn~ awr @h`~ kvr a`k`r@y~ mw@x~q wQbRN q sQylE pYgwQXWlW sAvQ{`nvl sh@y`~gy lb` gn~n` @ls apQ a`N~dR@vn~ il~lmR.

@qvnRv @c`~qn` l#b sQtQn sQyl~ln~@g~ ndR ik~mnQn~ vQx`g @k`t v#rqQkr#vn~ vn sQyl~ln~tm p`dmk~ l#@bn prQqQ qVRvm| pmRNRvn @ls q apQ wr@y~ il~l` sQtQmR. m` klQn~ kW prQqQ ap ktyRwO krn~@n~ s`m`n& apr`{yk~ sm|bn~{@yn~ @n`@v|. ap ktyRwO krn~@n~ pYwQg`mWw~vy h` r`j&@qY`~hW apr`{yk~ sm|bn~{@ynQ. ap ktyRwO krn~@n~ sQylE apr`{vlt vd` qr#NR vR apr`{yk~ sm|bn~{@ynQ. s`m`n& jnw`v@g~ pYj`wn~wYv`qW ayQwQv`sQkm| h` nQqhst vQr#q~{v sQqE kL apr`{yk~ sm|bn~{@ynQ. ovRn~@g~ a@p~k;`vn~t h` axQl`;yn~t vQr#q~{ apr`{yk~ sm|bn~{@ynQ. prm|pr` gNn`vk~ wQs~@s~ ovRn~@g~ q$w~vlt vQlAgO qm` wQbR bn~{nyn~ kd` b#[ q#mWmt ovRn~ lw~ avs~}`vt vQr#q~{ apr`{yk~ sm|bn~{@ynQ. @mm vQ@X~; ww~w~vyn~ wOL vQ@X~; kYQy`m`r\g gw yRwOy.

wOn~v#nQv, @mm qE;~kr h` anwOr#q`yk avs~}`@v|qW sm|pRr\N vQX~v`sy w#bQy h#kQ pRq~glykO agY`N~dRk`r pqvQy isQlWm s[h` pw~ kQrWm pQNQs sQylE avX& pQyvr gn~n` @ls @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;y a`N~dR@vn~ il~l` sQtW. @mm uss~ {Rry usRln vr\wm`n pRq~gly` in~ ivw~vn @ls il~l` sQtQy yRwOy. a`N~dRv vQsQn~ I@y~ kQyn lq @q~w~ @mm sx`@v| @qp#w~@w~m sQtQn gr# mn~wYWvr#n~ vQsQn~ kQyn lq @q~w~ slk` bln vQt agY`N~dRk`rvry` sQy il~l` as~vWm iqQrQpw~ @n`kQrWm g#n mm pRqEm @vmQ. @mm kr#N sm|bn~{@yn~ wvw~ bl` sQtWmt apt pRUvn~kmk~ n#w. agY`N~dRk`rvry` yn~@n~ n#w~nm| ivw~ vn~n#yQ ohRt kQv yRwOy. @mm an~wr`yk`rW avs~}`@v|qW @m| r@tQ ihLm, smhr vQt iw`mw~ wWrN`w~mk wnwOr vn @mm wnwOr sWsr\@g~ bQrQ[ v#nQ s#k@yn~ @w`r vR pRq~glykO vQsQn~ q#rWm aw&vX& y.

sQv|v#nQv, sn~nq~{ hmRq` wOL, @q~Xp`ln pYwQg`mWw~v@y~ @k~n~qYs~}`nvlQn~ ekk~ bvt pw~vWmt id h#r wQ@bn lAk` s~@vc|C` bLk`y vQsRr#v` hrQn @ls @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;@y~ apQ a`N~dR@vn~ il~l` sQtQmR. ap il~l` sQtQn~@n~ em bLk`@y~ aAX ekk~ @h`~ @qkk~ @h`~ vQsRr#v` h#rWm @n`@v|. ey sm|pRr\N@yn~ m vQsRr#v` h#r, avX& nm| psRv ey pYj`wn~wYv`qW pqnmk~ mw pYwQsAvQ{`ny krn @ls apQ o@bn~ il~l` sQtQmR. vsr gNn`vk~ wQs~@s~ lAk` s~@vc|C` bLk`yt pY{`n vX@yn~ nQl{`rWn~ b[v` gnR l#bR@v| vQ@q~XWy h` @q~XWy @v@L[ sm`gm|vl vQ{`ykyn~ h` @l`kO p`sl~ kQhQpykQn~ pQt vR ay awO@rnQ. psRbQ@mn~, n#BRr#@vn~ h` pRhRNR@vn~ @mm mQnQsRn~ pYgwQXWlW sAvr\{nyt vQr#q~{ awr, ytw~ vQjQw p`ln sm@y~ p#v#wQ ww~w~vyt vd`w~ hRr# pRr#qE y. j`wQk sAs~k^wQyt @h`~ s`m`n& jnw`v@g~ axQl`Xyn~t @h`~ ovRn~@g~ anRkm|p`vk~ n#w. apt pk;p`wW vRw~. @q~X@pY~mW vRw~, pRq~glyn~ q @mm bLk`y wOL sQtQwQ. vr\wm`n ww~w~vy wOL @m| qk~v` @krW @gn @g`s~ wQ@bn a`k`ryt kr#NR sQqEvWmt id h#rWm nRvNt hRr# @n`vn bv ovRn~t q v#@thnR a#w yn~n mt nQs#ky. m` qn~n` wrmt krn~nt gQy @mm r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNy sm|bn~{@yn~ lAk` s~@vc|C` bLk`@y~ ihL @XY~NQvlt ayw~ aN@qn nQl{`rWn~ ps~@qnkO sQr x`ryt @gn a#w. ovRn~ ~nm| @k`m@q`~r#, kr\nl~ @m`r#s~ q m#l~, nQ@y`~j& @k`m@q`~r# kr\nl~ ef~. sW. q @s~rm| sh wvw~ wQ@q@nkQ. a`rk;`v s[h` gn~n` vR mRlQk pQyvrk~ vX@yn~ @mm lAk` s~@vc|C` bLk`y vQsRr#v` h#rQy yRwOy. psRv ww~w~vy sn~sRn~ vR vQt obt ey pYj`wn~wYv`qW pqnmk~ mw pYwQsAvQ{`ny kL h#k. e@hw~ aq @mm ww~w~vy qQgQn~ qQgtm @m@s~ p#vwWmt id h#rWm anwOr#q`yky. em pQyvr gn~n` @ls @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;@y~ apQ a`N~dR@vn~ il~l` sQtQmR.

ap aqhs~ krn prQqQ r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNyt vQr#q~{v stn~ kQrWm s[h` @mm sQylEm pQyvryn~ m@h`~pk`rW vnR a#w. @mm r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYNy avsn~ vW a#w#yQ @n`sQwn~n. a@nkOw~ rtvl~ lb` a#wQ aw~q#kWm| @mnv`q? pYyw~nyn~ qrwQ. smhrk~ as`r\}k @v|. e@hw~ ovRhR n#vw ptn~ gnQwQ. a#yQ? obt @r`~gyk~ sRv kL h#k~@k~ ehQ @r`~g nQ{`ny kr` y$@mn~ pmNQ. obt @r`~gy sRvpw~ kL h#k~@k~ @r`~g nQ{`nyt pYwQk`r kQrW@mn~ pmNQ. @mm r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN@y~ @r`~g nQ{`ny vn~@n~ r`j& bly blhw~k`r@yn~ p#h#r g#nWm s[h` kL @mm kOmn~wYNy pQtRps sQtQn pYwQg`mW bl@v|gvl aKN~d @q~Xp`ln, sm`j h` a`r\}Qk blyyQ. @mm r`j& vQ@r`~{W kOmn~wYN@y~ mQlQtrQ h` @p`lQs~ aAg wOLt qQgtm prWk;N krn awrwOr @mhQ @q~Xp`ln aAXy wOLt q vQmr\Xn pvw~vn @ls apQ e~ h` sm`nvm blvw~ vRvmn`@vn~ ob@gn~ il~l` sQtQn~@n~ e~ nQs`y. prWk;N phsR kr g#nWm s[h` ob@g~ @h`[m mQwOrn~ vn~@n~ sn~nq~{ hmRq`vn~ @n`v @m| r@tQ jnw`v bv kr#N`kr av@b`~{ kr gn~n. ap awr kvr a`k`r@y~ @h`~ mw@x~q wQbQy h#kQ vRvq ob@g~ mQwY p`k;Qkyn~ vn~@n~ km|kr#vn~ h` v@m| pk; bv kr#N`kr av@b`~{ krgn~n. sn~{`nyk~ yn~@nn~ aqhs~ krn~@n~ ehQ p`r\X~vkr#vn~ sQyyt sQyyk~ ekMvWm y#yQ smhr# sQwwQ. r`j& bly b@ln~ p#h#r g#nWm s[h` qrN lq @mm pYyw~nyt vQr#q~{v stn~ kQrW@m|qW ap smM ekM vn~n#yQ ap ob@gn~ il~l` @n`sQtQmR. ob smM ekM vn @ls ob a@pn~ q il~l` @n`sQtQy yRwOy. r`j& bly p#h#r g#nWmt qrn lq em uw~s`hy ap @q@g`l~ln~tm wr\jny kryQ. e@hyQn~ apQ ekt sQtQmQn~ It pYwQpYh`ry @qmR. @my am`w&vr#n~ kQhQp@qnkO @h`~ mRU k#bQntQ mN~dlym sh v`m`AXQk n`ykyn~ sQrx`ryt g#nWm @h`~ mr` q#mWm @h`~ pQLQb[ pYX~nyk~ @n`@v|. pRq~glyn~ vX@yn~ ap sQyl~ln~m bQlQgw h#kQy. e@hw~ kOmn~wYN@y~ s#b$ kOr#m`Nm| vn~@n~ sq`k`lQk vR @p`qE jnw`vy. @m| r@tQ ihLm pYj`wn~wYv`qW a{Qk`ryt ap ev` a#wQ s`m`n& jnw`v@g~ n`m@yn~, ap vQsQn~ ob iqQrQ@y~ wb` a#wQ pQyvryn~ gn~n` @ls @k`mQyRnQs~tQ pk;@y~ apQ ob@gn~ il~l` sQtQmR.

1962 @pbrv`rQ 14

2009:01:23 v#nQ qQnt @yqEn ax`vpY`p~w pWtr\ @knmn~ m#wQwOm`@g~ 12 v#nQ gON smr#v nQmQw~@wn~ ewOm`t uph`r pQNQsy.

pWtr\ @knmn~ : @w`~r`gw~ kw` sh lQpQ (1947:1987)
k^wQ@yn~ sQAhlyt prQvr\wny k@L~ s$m| vQkYmn`yk

 

 

 

 
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         sWm`shQw up`lQ pRvw~pw~ sm`gm
            aAk 223 , b|lRm#n~dl~ p`r, @k`LB 13, XWY lAk`v